blob: 3c68a5b35ec1b3d4147177ecb165f0545ca0c364 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* NVM Express device driver
* Copyright (c) 2011-2014, Intel Corporation.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
* version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
* ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
* more details.
*/
#include <linux/aer.h>
#include <linux/async.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/blk-mq.h>
#include <linux/blk-mq-pci.h>
#include <linux/dmi.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/once.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/t10-pi.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/io-64-nonatomic-lo-hi.h>
#include <linux/sed-opal.h>
#include "nvme.h"
#define SQ_SIZE(depth) (depth * sizeof(struct nvme_command))
#define CQ_SIZE(depth) (depth * sizeof(struct nvme_completion))
#define SGES_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct nvme_sgl_desc))
/*
* These can be higher, but we need to ensure that any command doesn't
* require an sg allocation that needs more than a page of data.
*/
#define NVME_MAX_KB_SZ 4096
#define NVME_MAX_SEGS 127
static int use_threaded_interrupts;
module_param(use_threaded_interrupts, int, 0);
static bool use_cmb_sqes = true;
module_param(use_cmb_sqes, bool, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(use_cmb_sqes, "use controller's memory buffer for I/O SQes");
static unsigned int max_host_mem_size_mb = 128;
module_param(max_host_mem_size_mb, uint, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_host_mem_size_mb,
"Maximum Host Memory Buffer (HMB) size per controller (in MiB)");
static unsigned int sgl_threshold = SZ_32K;
module_param(sgl_threshold, uint, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(sgl_threshold,
"Use SGLs when average request segment size is larger or equal to "
"this size. Use 0 to disable SGLs.");
static int io_queue_depth_set(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp);
static const struct kernel_param_ops io_queue_depth_ops = {
.set = io_queue_depth_set,
.get = param_get_int,
};
static int io_queue_depth = 1024;
module_param_cb(io_queue_depth, &io_queue_depth_ops, &io_queue_depth, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(io_queue_depth, "set io queue depth, should >= 2");
struct nvme_dev;
struct nvme_queue;
static void nvme_dev_disable(struct nvme_dev *dev, bool shutdown);
/*
* Represents an NVM Express device. Each nvme_dev is a PCI function.
*/
struct nvme_dev {
struct nvme_queue *queues;
struct blk_mq_tag_set tagset;
struct blk_mq_tag_set admin_tagset;
u32 __iomem *dbs;
struct device *dev;
struct dma_pool *prp_page_pool;
struct dma_pool *prp_small_pool;
unsigned online_queues;
unsigned max_qid;
unsigned int num_vecs;
int q_depth;
u32 db_stride;
void __iomem *bar;
unsigned long bar_mapped_size;
struct work_struct remove_work;
struct mutex shutdown_lock;
bool subsystem;
void __iomem *cmb;
pci_bus_addr_t cmb_bus_addr;
u64 cmb_size;
u32 cmbsz;
u32 cmbloc;
struct nvme_ctrl ctrl;
struct completion ioq_wait;
mempool_t *iod_mempool;
/* shadow doorbell buffer support: */
u32 *dbbuf_dbs;
dma_addr_t dbbuf_dbs_dma_addr;
u32 *dbbuf_eis;
dma_addr_t dbbuf_eis_dma_addr;
/* host memory buffer support: */
u64 host_mem_size;
u32 nr_host_mem_descs;
dma_addr_t host_mem_descs_dma;
struct nvme_host_mem_buf_desc *host_mem_descs;
void **host_mem_desc_bufs;
};
static int io_queue_depth_set(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp)
{
int n = 0, ret;
ret = kstrtoint(val, 10, &n);
if (ret != 0 || n < 2)
return -EINVAL;
return param_set_int(val, kp);
}
static inline unsigned int sq_idx(unsigned int qid, u32 stride)
{
return qid * 2 * stride;
}
static inline unsigned int cq_idx(unsigned int qid, u32 stride)
{
return (qid * 2 + 1) * stride;
}
static inline struct nvme_dev *to_nvme_dev(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl)
{
return container_of(ctrl, struct nvme_dev, ctrl);
}
/*
* An NVM Express queue. Each device has at least two (one for admin
* commands and one for I/O commands).
*/
struct nvme_queue {
struct device *q_dmadev;
struct nvme_dev *dev;
spinlock_t sq_lock;
struct nvme_command *sq_cmds;
struct nvme_command __iomem *sq_cmds_io;
spinlock_t cq_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
volatile struct nvme_completion *cqes;
struct blk_mq_tags **tags;
dma_addr_t sq_dma_addr;
dma_addr_t cq_dma_addr;
u32 __iomem *q_db;
u16 q_depth;
s16 cq_vector;
u16 sq_tail;
u16 cq_head;
u16 last_cq_head;
u16 qid;
u8 cq_phase;
u32 *dbbuf_sq_db;
u32 *dbbuf_cq_db;
u32 *dbbuf_sq_ei;
u32 *dbbuf_cq_ei;
};
/*
* The nvme_iod describes the data in an I/O, including the list of PRP
* entries. You can't see it in this data structure because C doesn't let
* me express that. Use nvme_init_iod to ensure there's enough space
* allocated to store the PRP list.
*/
struct nvme_iod {
struct nvme_request req;
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq;
bool use_sgl;
int aborted;
int npages; /* In the PRP list. 0 means small pool in use */
int nents; /* Used in scatterlist */
int length; /* Of data, in bytes */
dma_addr_t first_dma;
struct scatterlist meta_sg; /* metadata requires single contiguous buffer */
struct scatterlist *sg;
struct scatterlist inline_sg[0];
};
/*
* Check we didin't inadvertently grow the command struct
*/
static inline void _nvme_check_size(void)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_rw_command) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_create_cq) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_create_sq) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_delete_queue) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_features) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_format_cmd) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_abort_cmd) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_command) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_id_ctrl) != NVME_IDENTIFY_DATA_SIZE);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_id_ns) != NVME_IDENTIFY_DATA_SIZE);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_lba_range_type) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_smart_log) != 512);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_dbbuf) != 64);
}
static inline unsigned int nvme_dbbuf_size(u32 stride)
{
return ((num_possible_cpus() + 1) * 8 * stride);
}
static int nvme_dbbuf_dma_alloc(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
unsigned int mem_size = nvme_dbbuf_size(dev->db_stride);
if (dev->dbbuf_dbs)
return 0;
dev->dbbuf_dbs = dma_alloc_coherent(dev->dev, mem_size,
&dev->dbbuf_dbs_dma_addr,
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dev->dbbuf_dbs)
return -ENOMEM;
dev->dbbuf_eis = dma_alloc_coherent(dev->dev, mem_size,
&dev->dbbuf_eis_dma_addr,
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dev->dbbuf_eis) {
dma_free_coherent(dev->dev, mem_size,
dev->dbbuf_dbs, dev->dbbuf_dbs_dma_addr);
dev->dbbuf_dbs = NULL;
return -ENOMEM;
}
return 0;
}
static void nvme_dbbuf_dma_free(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
unsigned int mem_size = nvme_dbbuf_size(dev->db_stride);
if (dev->dbbuf_dbs) {
dma_free_coherent(dev->dev, mem_size,
dev->dbbuf_dbs, dev->dbbuf_dbs_dma_addr);
dev->dbbuf_dbs = NULL;
}
if (dev->dbbuf_eis) {
dma_free_coherent(dev->dev, mem_size,
dev->dbbuf_eis, dev->dbbuf_eis_dma_addr);
dev->dbbuf_eis = NULL;
}
}
static void nvme_dbbuf_init(struct nvme_dev *dev,
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, int qid)
{
if (!dev->dbbuf_dbs || !qid)
return;
nvmeq->dbbuf_sq_db = &dev->dbbuf_dbs[sq_idx(qid, dev->db_stride)];
nvmeq->dbbuf_cq_db = &dev->dbbuf_dbs[cq_idx(qid, dev->db_stride)];
nvmeq->dbbuf_sq_ei = &dev->dbbuf_eis[sq_idx(qid, dev->db_stride)];
nvmeq->dbbuf_cq_ei = &dev->dbbuf_eis[cq_idx(qid, dev->db_stride)];
}
static void nvme_dbbuf_set(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
struct nvme_command c;
if (!dev->dbbuf_dbs)
return;
memset(&c, 0, sizeof(c));
c.dbbuf.opcode = nvme_admin_dbbuf;
c.dbbuf.prp1 = cpu_to_le64(dev->dbbuf_dbs_dma_addr);
c.dbbuf.prp2 = cpu_to_le64(dev->dbbuf_eis_dma_addr);
if (nvme_submit_sync_cmd(dev->ctrl.admin_q, &c, NULL, 0)) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device, "unable to set dbbuf\n");
/* Free memory and continue on */
nvme_dbbuf_dma_free(dev);
}
}
static inline int nvme_dbbuf_need_event(u16 event_idx, u16 new_idx, u16 old)
{
return (u16)(new_idx - event_idx - 1) < (u16)(new_idx - old);
}
/* Update dbbuf and return true if an MMIO is required */
static bool nvme_dbbuf_update_and_check_event(u16 value, u32 *dbbuf_db,
volatile u32 *dbbuf_ei)
{
if (dbbuf_db) {
u16 old_value;
/*
* Ensure that the queue is written before updating
* the doorbell in memory
*/
wmb();
old_value = *dbbuf_db;
*dbbuf_db = value;
/*
* Ensure that the doorbell is updated before reading the event
* index from memory. The controller needs to provide similar
* ordering to ensure the envent index is updated before reading
* the doorbell.
*/
mb();
if (!nvme_dbbuf_need_event(*dbbuf_ei, value, old_value))
return false;
}
return true;
}
/*
* Max size of iod being embedded in the request payload
*/
#define NVME_INT_PAGES 2
#define NVME_INT_BYTES(dev) (NVME_INT_PAGES * (dev)->ctrl.page_size)
/*
* Will slightly overestimate the number of pages needed. This is OK
* as it only leads to a small amount of wasted memory for the lifetime of
* the I/O.
*/
static int nvme_npages(unsigned size, struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
unsigned nprps = DIV_ROUND_UP(size + dev->ctrl.page_size,
dev->ctrl.page_size);
return DIV_ROUND_UP(8 * nprps, PAGE_SIZE - 8);
}
/*
* Calculates the number of pages needed for the SGL segments. For example a 4k
* page can accommodate 256 SGL descriptors.
*/
static int nvme_pci_npages_sgl(unsigned int num_seg)
{
return DIV_ROUND_UP(num_seg * sizeof(struct nvme_sgl_desc), PAGE_SIZE);
}
static unsigned int nvme_pci_iod_alloc_size(struct nvme_dev *dev,
unsigned int size, unsigned int nseg, bool use_sgl)
{
size_t alloc_size;
if (use_sgl)
alloc_size = sizeof(__le64 *) * nvme_pci_npages_sgl(nseg);
else
alloc_size = sizeof(__le64 *) * nvme_npages(size, dev);
return alloc_size + sizeof(struct scatterlist) * nseg;
}
static unsigned int nvme_pci_cmd_size(struct nvme_dev *dev, bool use_sgl)
{
unsigned int alloc_size = nvme_pci_iod_alloc_size(dev,
NVME_INT_BYTES(dev), NVME_INT_PAGES,
use_sgl);
return sizeof(struct nvme_iod) + alloc_size;
}
static int nvme_admin_init_hctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, void *data,
unsigned int hctx_idx)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = data;
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = &dev->queues[0];
WARN_ON(hctx_idx != 0);
WARN_ON(dev->admin_tagset.tags[0] != hctx->tags);
WARN_ON(nvmeq->tags);
hctx->driver_data = nvmeq;
nvmeq->tags = &dev->admin_tagset.tags[0];
return 0;
}
static void nvme_admin_exit_hctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, unsigned int hctx_idx)
{
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = hctx->driver_data;
nvmeq->tags = NULL;
}
static int nvme_init_hctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, void *data,
unsigned int hctx_idx)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = data;
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = &dev->queues[hctx_idx + 1];
if (!nvmeq->tags)
nvmeq->tags = &dev->tagset.tags[hctx_idx];
WARN_ON(dev->tagset.tags[hctx_idx] != hctx->tags);
hctx->driver_data = nvmeq;
return 0;
}
static int nvme_init_request(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct request *req,
unsigned int hctx_idx, unsigned int numa_node)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = set->driver_data;
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
int queue_idx = (set == &dev->tagset) ? hctx_idx + 1 : 0;
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = &dev->queues[queue_idx];
BUG_ON(!nvmeq);
iod->nvmeq = nvmeq;
nvme_req(req)->ctrl = &dev->ctrl;
return 0;
}
static int nvme_pci_map_queues(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = set->driver_data;
return blk_mq_pci_map_queues(set, to_pci_dev(dev->dev),
dev->num_vecs > 1 ? 1 /* admin queue */ : 0);
}
/**
* nvme_submit_cmd() - Copy a command into a queue and ring the doorbell
* @nvmeq: The queue to use
* @cmd: The command to send
*/
static void nvme_submit_cmd(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, struct nvme_command *cmd)
{
spin_lock(&nvmeq->sq_lock);
if (nvmeq->sq_cmds_io)
memcpy_toio(&nvmeq->sq_cmds_io[nvmeq->sq_tail], cmd,
sizeof(*cmd));
else
memcpy(&nvmeq->sq_cmds[nvmeq->sq_tail], cmd, sizeof(*cmd));
if (++nvmeq->sq_tail == nvmeq->q_depth)
nvmeq->sq_tail = 0;
if (nvme_dbbuf_update_and_check_event(nvmeq->sq_tail,
nvmeq->dbbuf_sq_db, nvmeq->dbbuf_sq_ei))
writel(nvmeq->sq_tail, nvmeq->q_db);
spin_unlock(&nvmeq->sq_lock);
}
static void **nvme_pci_iod_list(struct request *req)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
return (void **)(iod->sg + blk_rq_nr_phys_segments(req));
}
static inline bool nvme_pci_use_sgls(struct nvme_dev *dev, struct request *req)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
int nseg = blk_rq_nr_phys_segments(req);
unsigned int avg_seg_size;
if (nseg == 0)
return false;
avg_seg_size = DIV_ROUND_UP(blk_rq_payload_bytes(req), nseg);
if (!(dev->ctrl.sgls & ((1 << 0) | (1 << 1))))
return false;
if (!iod->nvmeq->qid)
return false;
if (!sgl_threshold || avg_seg_size < sgl_threshold)
return false;
return true;
}
static blk_status_t nvme_init_iod(struct request *rq, struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(rq);
int nseg = blk_rq_nr_phys_segments(rq);
unsigned int size = blk_rq_payload_bytes(rq);
iod->use_sgl = nvme_pci_use_sgls(dev, rq);
if (nseg > NVME_INT_PAGES || size > NVME_INT_BYTES(dev)) {
iod->sg = mempool_alloc(dev->iod_mempool, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (!iod->sg)
return BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
} else {
iod->sg = iod->inline_sg;
}
iod->aborted = 0;
iod->npages = -1;
iod->nents = 0;
iod->length = size;
return BLK_STS_OK;
}
static void nvme_free_iod(struct nvme_dev *dev, struct request *req)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
const int last_prp = dev->ctrl.page_size / sizeof(__le64) - 1;
dma_addr_t dma_addr = iod->first_dma, next_dma_addr;
int i;
if (iod->npages == 0)
dma_pool_free(dev->prp_small_pool, nvme_pci_iod_list(req)[0],
dma_addr);
for (i = 0; i < iod->npages; i++) {
void *addr = nvme_pci_iod_list(req)[i];
if (iod->use_sgl) {
struct nvme_sgl_desc *sg_list = addr;
next_dma_addr =
le64_to_cpu((sg_list[SGES_PER_PAGE - 1]).addr);
} else {
__le64 *prp_list = addr;
next_dma_addr = le64_to_cpu(prp_list[last_prp]);
}
dma_pool_free(dev->prp_page_pool, addr, dma_addr);
dma_addr = next_dma_addr;
}
if (iod->sg != iod->inline_sg)
mempool_free(iod->sg, dev->iod_mempool);
}
static void nvme_print_sgl(struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents)
{
int i;
struct scatterlist *sg;
for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nents, i) {
dma_addr_t phys = sg_phys(sg);
pr_warn("sg[%d] phys_addr:%pad offset:%d length:%d "
"dma_address:%pad dma_length:%d\n",
i, &phys, sg->offset, sg->length, &sg_dma_address(sg),
sg_dma_len(sg));
}
}
static blk_status_t nvme_pci_setup_prps(struct nvme_dev *dev,
struct request *req, struct nvme_rw_command *cmnd)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
struct dma_pool *pool;
int length = blk_rq_payload_bytes(req);
struct scatterlist *sg = iod->sg;
int dma_len = sg_dma_len(sg);
u64 dma_addr = sg_dma_address(sg);
u32 page_size = dev->ctrl.page_size;
int offset = dma_addr & (page_size - 1);
__le64 *prp_list;
void **list = nvme_pci_iod_list(req);
dma_addr_t prp_dma;
int nprps, i;
length -= (page_size - offset);
if (length <= 0) {
iod->first_dma = 0;
goto done;
}
dma_len -= (page_size - offset);
if (dma_len) {
dma_addr += (page_size - offset);
} else {
sg = sg_next(sg);
dma_addr = sg_dma_address(sg);
dma_len = sg_dma_len(sg);
}
if (length <= page_size) {
iod->first_dma = dma_addr;
goto done;
}
nprps = DIV_ROUND_UP(length, page_size);
if (nprps <= (256 / 8)) {
pool = dev->prp_small_pool;
iod->npages = 0;
} else {
pool = dev->prp_page_pool;
iod->npages = 1;
}
prp_list = dma_pool_alloc(pool, GFP_ATOMIC, &prp_dma);
if (!prp_list) {
iod->first_dma = dma_addr;
iod->npages = -1;
return BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
}
list[0] = prp_list;
iod->first_dma = prp_dma;
i = 0;
for (;;) {
if (i == page_size >> 3) {
__le64 *old_prp_list = prp_list;
prp_list = dma_pool_alloc(pool, GFP_ATOMIC, &prp_dma);
if (!prp_list)
return BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
list[iod->npages++] = prp_list;
prp_list[0] = old_prp_list[i - 1];
old_prp_list[i - 1] = cpu_to_le64(prp_dma);
i = 1;
}
prp_list[i++] = cpu_to_le64(dma_addr);
dma_len -= page_size;
dma_addr += page_size;
length -= page_size;
if (length <= 0)
break;
if (dma_len > 0)
continue;
if (unlikely(dma_len < 0))
goto bad_sgl;
sg = sg_next(sg);
dma_addr = sg_dma_address(sg);
dma_len = sg_dma_len(sg);
}
done:
cmnd->dptr.prp1 = cpu_to_le64(sg_dma_address(iod->sg));
cmnd->dptr.prp2 = cpu_to_le64(iod->first_dma);
return BLK_STS_OK;
bad_sgl:
WARN(DO_ONCE(nvme_print_sgl, iod->sg, iod->nents),
"Invalid SGL for payload:%d nents:%d\n",
blk_rq_payload_bytes(req), iod->nents);
return BLK_STS_IOERR;
}
static void nvme_pci_sgl_set_data(struct nvme_sgl_desc *sge,
struct scatterlist *sg)
{
sge->addr = cpu_to_le64(sg_dma_address(sg));
sge->length = cpu_to_le32(sg_dma_len(sg));
sge->type = NVME_SGL_FMT_DATA_DESC << 4;
}
static void nvme_pci_sgl_set_seg(struct nvme_sgl_desc *sge,
dma_addr_t dma_addr, int entries)
{
sge->addr = cpu_to_le64(dma_addr);
if (entries < SGES_PER_PAGE) {
sge->length = cpu_to_le32(entries * sizeof(*sge));
sge->type = NVME_SGL_FMT_LAST_SEG_DESC << 4;
} else {
sge->length = cpu_to_le32(PAGE_SIZE);
sge->type = NVME_SGL_FMT_SEG_DESC << 4;
}
}
static blk_status_t nvme_pci_setup_sgls(struct nvme_dev *dev,
struct request *req, struct nvme_rw_command *cmd, int entries)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
struct dma_pool *pool;
struct nvme_sgl_desc *sg_list;
struct scatterlist *sg = iod->sg;
dma_addr_t sgl_dma;
int i = 0;
/* setting the transfer type as SGL */
cmd->flags = NVME_CMD_SGL_METABUF;
if (entries == 1) {
nvme_pci_sgl_set_data(&cmd->dptr.sgl, sg);
return BLK_STS_OK;
}
if (entries <= (256 / sizeof(struct nvme_sgl_desc))) {
pool = dev->prp_small_pool;
iod->npages = 0;
} else {
pool = dev->prp_page_pool;
iod->npages = 1;
}
sg_list = dma_pool_alloc(pool, GFP_ATOMIC, &sgl_dma);
if (!sg_list) {
iod->npages = -1;
return BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
}
nvme_pci_iod_list(req)[0] = sg_list;
iod->first_dma = sgl_dma;
nvme_pci_sgl_set_seg(&cmd->dptr.sgl, sgl_dma, entries);
do {
if (i == SGES_PER_PAGE) {
struct nvme_sgl_desc *old_sg_desc = sg_list;
struct nvme_sgl_desc *link = &old_sg_desc[i - 1];
sg_list = dma_pool_alloc(pool, GFP_ATOMIC, &sgl_dma);
if (!sg_list)
return BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
i = 0;
nvme_pci_iod_list(req)[iod->npages++] = sg_list;
sg_list[i++] = *link;
nvme_pci_sgl_set_seg(link, sgl_dma, entries);
}
nvme_pci_sgl_set_data(&sg_list[i++], sg);
sg = sg_next(sg);
} while (--entries > 0);
return BLK_STS_OK;
}
static blk_status_t nvme_map_data(struct nvme_dev *dev, struct request *req,
struct nvme_command *cmnd)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
struct request_queue *q = req->q;
enum dma_data_direction dma_dir = rq_data_dir(req) ?
DMA_TO_DEVICE : DMA_FROM_DEVICE;
blk_status_t ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
int nr_mapped;
sg_init_table(iod->sg, blk_rq_nr_phys_segments(req));
iod->nents = blk_rq_map_sg(q, req, iod->sg);
if (!iod->nents)
goto out;
ret = BLK_STS_RESOURCE;
nr_mapped = dma_map_sg_attrs(dev->dev, iod->sg, iod->nents, dma_dir,
DMA_ATTR_NO_WARN);
if (!nr_mapped)
goto out;
if (iod->use_sgl)
ret = nvme_pci_setup_sgls(dev, req, &cmnd->rw, nr_mapped);
else
ret = nvme_pci_setup_prps(dev, req, &cmnd->rw);
if (ret != BLK_STS_OK)
goto out_unmap;
ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
if (blk_integrity_rq(req)) {
if (blk_rq_count_integrity_sg(q, req->bio) != 1)
goto out_unmap;
sg_init_table(&iod->meta_sg, 1);
if (blk_rq_map_integrity_sg(q, req->bio, &iod->meta_sg) != 1)
goto out_unmap;
if (!dma_map_sg(dev->dev, &iod->meta_sg, 1, dma_dir))
goto out_unmap;
}
if (blk_integrity_rq(req))
cmnd->rw.metadata = cpu_to_le64(sg_dma_address(&iod->meta_sg));
return BLK_STS_OK;
out_unmap:
dma_unmap_sg(dev->dev, iod->sg, iod->nents, dma_dir);
out:
return ret;
}
static void nvme_unmap_data(struct nvme_dev *dev, struct request *req)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
enum dma_data_direction dma_dir = rq_data_dir(req) ?
DMA_TO_DEVICE : DMA_FROM_DEVICE;
if (iod->nents) {
dma_unmap_sg(dev->dev, iod->sg, iod->nents, dma_dir);
if (blk_integrity_rq(req))
dma_unmap_sg(dev->dev, &iod->meta_sg, 1, dma_dir);
}
nvme_cleanup_cmd(req);
nvme_free_iod(dev, req);
}
/*
* NOTE: ns is NULL when called on the admin queue.
*/
static blk_status_t nvme_queue_rq(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
const struct blk_mq_queue_data *bd)
{
struct nvme_ns *ns = hctx->queue->queuedata;
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = hctx->driver_data;
struct nvme_dev *dev = nvmeq->dev;
struct request *req = bd->rq;
struct nvme_command cmnd;
blk_status_t ret;
/*
* We should not need to do this, but we're still using this to
* ensure we can drain requests on a dying queue.
*/
if (unlikely(nvmeq->cq_vector < 0))
return BLK_STS_IOERR;
ret = nvme_setup_cmd(ns, req, &cmnd);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = nvme_init_iod(req, dev);
if (ret)
goto out_free_cmd;
if (blk_rq_nr_phys_segments(req)) {
ret = nvme_map_data(dev, req, &cmnd);
if (ret)
goto out_cleanup_iod;
}
blk_mq_start_request(req);
nvme_submit_cmd(nvmeq, &cmnd);
return BLK_STS_OK;
out_cleanup_iod:
nvme_free_iod(dev, req);
out_free_cmd:
nvme_cleanup_cmd(req);
return ret;
}
static void nvme_pci_complete_rq(struct request *req)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
nvme_unmap_data(iod->nvmeq->dev, req);
nvme_complete_rq(req);
}
/* We read the CQE phase first to check if the rest of the entry is valid */
static inline bool nvme_cqe_pending(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq)
{
return (le16_to_cpu(nvmeq->cqes[nvmeq->cq_head].status) & 1) ==
nvmeq->cq_phase;
}
static inline void nvme_ring_cq_doorbell(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq)
{
u16 head = nvmeq->cq_head;
if (nvme_dbbuf_update_and_check_event(head, nvmeq->dbbuf_cq_db,
nvmeq->dbbuf_cq_ei))
writel(head, nvmeq->q_db + nvmeq->dev->db_stride);
}
static inline void nvme_handle_cqe(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 idx)
{
volatile struct nvme_completion *cqe = &nvmeq->cqes[idx];
struct request *req;
if (unlikely(cqe->command_id >= nvmeq->q_depth)) {
dev_warn(nvmeq->dev->ctrl.device,
"invalid id %d completed on queue %d\n",
cqe->command_id, le16_to_cpu(cqe->sq_id));
return;
}
/*
* AEN requests are special as they don't time out and can
* survive any kind of queue freeze and often don't respond to
* aborts. We don't even bother to allocate a struct request
* for them but rather special case them here.
*/
if (unlikely(nvmeq->qid == 0 &&
cqe->command_id >= NVME_AQ_BLK_MQ_DEPTH)) {
nvme_complete_async_event(&nvmeq->dev->ctrl,
cqe->status, &cqe->result);
return;
}
req = blk_mq_tag_to_rq(*nvmeq->tags, cqe->command_id);
nvme_end_request(req, cqe->status, cqe->result);
}
static void nvme_complete_cqes(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 start, u16 end)
{
while (start != end) {
nvme_handle_cqe(nvmeq, start);
if (++start == nvmeq->q_depth)
start = 0;
}
}
static inline void nvme_update_cq_head(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq)
{
if (nvmeq->cq_head == nvmeq->q_depth - 1) {
nvmeq->cq_head = 0;
nvmeq->cq_phase = !nvmeq->cq_phase;
} else {
nvmeq->cq_head++;
}
}
static inline bool nvme_process_cq(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 *start,
u16 *end, int tag)
{
bool found = false;
*start = nvmeq->cq_head;
while (!found && nvme_cqe_pending(nvmeq)) {
if (nvmeq->cqes[nvmeq->cq_head].command_id == tag)
found = true;
nvme_update_cq_head(nvmeq);
}
*end = nvmeq->cq_head;
if (*start != *end)
nvme_ring_cq_doorbell(nvmeq);
return found;
}
static irqreturn_t nvme_irq(int irq, void *data)
{
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = data;
irqreturn_t ret = IRQ_NONE;
u16 start, end;
spin_lock(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
if (nvmeq->cq_head != nvmeq->last_cq_head)
ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
nvme_process_cq(nvmeq, &start, &end, -1);
nvmeq->last_cq_head = nvmeq->cq_head;
spin_unlock(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
if (start != end) {
nvme_complete_cqes(nvmeq, start, end);
return IRQ_HANDLED;
}
return ret;
}
static irqreturn_t nvme_irq_check(int irq, void *data)
{
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = data;
if (nvme_cqe_pending(nvmeq))
return IRQ_WAKE_THREAD;
return IRQ_NONE;
}
static int __nvme_poll(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, unsigned int tag)
{
u16 start, end;
bool found;
if (!nvme_cqe_pending(nvmeq))
return 0;
spin_lock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
found = nvme_process_cq(nvmeq, &start, &end, tag);
spin_unlock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
nvme_complete_cqes(nvmeq, start, end);
return found;
}
static int nvme_poll(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, unsigned int tag)
{
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = hctx->driver_data;
return __nvme_poll(nvmeq, tag);
}
static void nvme_pci_submit_async_event(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = to_nvme_dev(ctrl);
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = &dev->queues[0];
struct nvme_command c;
memset(&c, 0, sizeof(c));
c.common.opcode = nvme_admin_async_event;
c.common.command_id = NVME_AQ_BLK_MQ_DEPTH;
nvme_submit_cmd(nvmeq, &c);
}
static int adapter_delete_queue(struct nvme_dev *dev, u8 opcode, u16 id)
{
struct nvme_command c;
memset(&c, 0, sizeof(c));
c.delete_queue.opcode = opcode;
c.delete_queue.qid = cpu_to_le16(id);
return nvme_submit_sync_cmd(dev->ctrl.admin_q, &c, NULL, 0);
}
static int adapter_alloc_cq(struct nvme_dev *dev, u16 qid,
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, s16 vector)
{
struct nvme_command c;
int flags = NVME_QUEUE_PHYS_CONTIG | NVME_CQ_IRQ_ENABLED;
/*
* Note: we (ab)use the fact that the prp fields survive if no data
* is attached to the request.
*/
memset(&c, 0, sizeof(c));
c.create_cq.opcode = nvme_admin_create_cq;
c.create_cq.prp1 = cpu_to_le64(nvmeq->cq_dma_addr);
c.create_cq.cqid = cpu_to_le16(qid);
c.create_cq.qsize = cpu_to_le16(nvmeq->q_depth - 1);
c.create_cq.cq_flags = cpu_to_le16(flags);
c.create_cq.irq_vector = cpu_to_le16(vector);
return nvme_submit_sync_cmd(dev->ctrl.admin_q, &c, NULL, 0);
}
static int adapter_alloc_sq(struct nvme_dev *dev, u16 qid,
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq)
{
struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl = &dev->ctrl;
struct nvme_command c;
int flags = NVME_QUEUE_PHYS_CONTIG;
/*
* Some drives have a bug that auto-enables WRRU if MEDIUM isn't
* set. Since URGENT priority is zeroes, it makes all queues
* URGENT.
*/
if (ctrl->quirks & NVME_QUIRK_MEDIUM_PRIO_SQ)
flags |= NVME_SQ_PRIO_MEDIUM;
/*
* Note: we (ab)use the fact that the prp fields survive if no data
* is attached to the request.
*/
memset(&c, 0, sizeof(c));
c.create_sq.opcode = nvme_admin_create_sq;
c.create_sq.prp1 = cpu_to_le64(nvmeq->sq_dma_addr);
c.create_sq.sqid = cpu_to_le16(qid);
c.create_sq.qsize = cpu_to_le16(nvmeq->q_depth - 1);
c.create_sq.sq_flags = cpu_to_le16(flags);
c.create_sq.cqid = cpu_to_le16(qid);
return nvme_submit_sync_cmd(dev->ctrl.admin_q, &c, NULL, 0);
}
static int adapter_delete_cq(struct nvme_dev *dev, u16 cqid)
{
return adapter_delete_queue(dev, nvme_admin_delete_cq, cqid);
}
static int adapter_delete_sq(struct nvme_dev *dev, u16 sqid)
{
return adapter_delete_queue(dev, nvme_admin_delete_sq, sqid);
}
static void abort_endio(struct request *req, blk_status_t error)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = iod->nvmeq;
dev_warn(nvmeq->dev->ctrl.device,
"Abort status: 0x%x", nvme_req(req)->status);
atomic_inc(&nvmeq->dev->ctrl.abort_limit);
blk_mq_free_request(req);
}
static bool nvme_should_reset(struct nvme_dev *dev, u32 csts)
{
/* If true, indicates loss of adapter communication, possibly by a
* NVMe Subsystem reset.
*/
bool nssro = dev->subsystem && (csts & NVME_CSTS_NSSRO);
/* If there is a reset/reinit ongoing, we shouldn't reset again. */
switch (dev->ctrl.state) {
case NVME_CTRL_RESETTING:
case NVME_CTRL_CONNECTING:
return false;
default:
break;
}
/* We shouldn't reset unless the controller is on fatal error state
* _or_ if we lost the communication with it.
*/
if (!(csts & NVME_CSTS_CFS) && !nssro)
return false;
return true;
}
static void nvme_warn_reset(struct nvme_dev *dev, u32 csts)
{
/* Read a config register to help see what died. */
u16 pci_status;
int result;
result = pci_read_config_word(to_pci_dev(dev->dev), PCI_STATUS,
&pci_status);
if (result == PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL)
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"controller is down; will reset: CSTS=0x%x, PCI_STATUS=0x%hx\n",
csts, pci_status);
else
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"controller is down; will reset: CSTS=0x%x, PCI_STATUS read failed (%d)\n",
csts, result);
}
static enum blk_eh_timer_return nvme_timeout(struct request *req, bool reserved)
{
struct nvme_iod *iod = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(req);
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = iod->nvmeq;
struct nvme_dev *dev = nvmeq->dev;
struct request *abort_req;
struct nvme_command cmd;
bool shutdown = false;
u32 csts = readl(dev->bar + NVME_REG_CSTS);
/* If PCI error recovery process is happening, we cannot reset or
* the recovery mechanism will surely fail.
*/
mb();
if (pci_channel_offline(to_pci_dev(dev->dev)))
return BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER;
/*
* Reset immediately if the controller is failed
*/
if (nvme_should_reset(dev, csts)) {
nvme_warn_reset(dev, csts);
nvme_dev_disable(dev, false);
nvme_reset_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
return BLK_EH_DONE;
}
/*
* Did we miss an interrupt?
*/
if (__nvme_poll(nvmeq, req->tag)) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"I/O %d QID %d timeout, completion polled\n",
req->tag, nvmeq->qid);
return BLK_EH_DONE;
}
/*
* Shutdown immediately if controller times out while starting. The
* reset work will see the pci device disabled when it gets the forced
* cancellation error. All outstanding requests are completed on
* shutdown, so we return BLK_EH_DONE.
*/
switch (dev->ctrl.state) {
case NVME_CTRL_DELETING:
shutdown = true;
case NVME_CTRL_CONNECTING:
case NVME_CTRL_RESETTING:
dev_warn_ratelimited(dev->ctrl.device,
"I/O %d QID %d timeout, disable controller\n",
req->tag, nvmeq->qid);
nvme_dev_disable(dev, shutdown);
nvme_req(req)->flags |= NVME_REQ_CANCELLED;
return BLK_EH_DONE;
default:
break;
}
/*
* Shutdown the controller immediately and schedule a reset if the
* command was already aborted once before and still hasn't been
* returned to the driver, or if this is the admin queue.
*/
if (!nvmeq->qid || iod->aborted) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"I/O %d QID %d timeout, reset controller\n",
req->tag, nvmeq->qid);
nvme_dev_disable(dev, false);
nvme_reset_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
nvme_req(req)->flags |= NVME_REQ_CANCELLED;
return BLK_EH_DONE;
}
if (atomic_dec_return(&dev->ctrl.abort_limit) < 0) {
atomic_inc(&dev->ctrl.abort_limit);
return BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER;
}
iod->aborted = 1;
memset(&cmd, 0, sizeof(cmd));
cmd.abort.opcode = nvme_admin_abort_cmd;
cmd.abort.cid = req->tag;
cmd.abort.sqid = cpu_to_le16(nvmeq->qid);
dev_warn(nvmeq->dev->ctrl.device,
"I/O %d QID %d timeout, aborting\n",
req->tag, nvmeq->qid);
abort_req = nvme_alloc_request(dev->ctrl.admin_q, &cmd,
BLK_MQ_REQ_NOWAIT, NVME_QID_ANY);
if (IS_ERR(abort_req)) {
atomic_inc(&dev->ctrl.abort_limit);
return BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER;
}
abort_req->timeout = ADMIN_TIMEOUT;
abort_req->end_io_data = NULL;
blk_execute_rq_nowait(abort_req->q, NULL, abort_req, 0, abort_endio);
/*
* The aborted req will be completed on receiving the abort req.
* We enable the timer again. If hit twice, it'll cause a device reset,
* as the device then is in a faulty state.
*/
return BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER;
}
static void nvme_free_queue(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq)
{
dma_free_coherent(nvmeq->q_dmadev, CQ_SIZE(nvmeq->q_depth),
(void *)nvmeq->cqes, nvmeq->cq_dma_addr);
if (nvmeq->sq_cmds)
dma_free_coherent(nvmeq->q_dmadev, SQ_SIZE(nvmeq->q_depth),
nvmeq->sq_cmds, nvmeq->sq_dma_addr);
}
static void nvme_free_queues(struct nvme_dev *dev, int lowest)
{
int i;
for (i = dev->ctrl.queue_count - 1; i >= lowest; i--) {
dev->ctrl.queue_count--;
nvme_free_queue(&dev->queues[i]);
}
}
/**
* nvme_suspend_queue - put queue into suspended state
* @nvmeq - queue to suspend
*/
static int nvme_suspend_queue(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq)
{
int vector;
spin_lock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
if (nvmeq->cq_vector == -1) {
spin_unlock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
return 1;
}
vector = nvmeq->cq_vector;
nvmeq->dev->online_queues--;
nvmeq->cq_vector = -1;
spin_unlock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
/*
* Ensure that nvme_queue_rq() sees it ->cq_vector == -1 without
* having to grab the lock.
*/
mb();
if (!nvmeq->qid && nvmeq->dev->ctrl.admin_q)
blk_mq_quiesce_queue(nvmeq->dev->ctrl.admin_q);
pci_free_irq(to_pci_dev(nvmeq->dev->dev), vector, nvmeq);
return 0;
}
static void nvme_disable_admin_queue(struct nvme_dev *dev, bool shutdown)
{
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = &dev->queues[0];
u16 start, end;
if (shutdown)
nvme_shutdown_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
else
nvme_disable_ctrl(&dev->ctrl, dev->ctrl.cap);
spin_lock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
nvme_process_cq(nvmeq, &start, &end, -1);
spin_unlock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
nvme_complete_cqes(nvmeq, start, end);
}
static int nvme_cmb_qdepth(struct nvme_dev *dev, int nr_io_queues,
int entry_size)
{
int q_depth = dev->q_depth;
unsigned q_size_aligned = roundup(q_depth * entry_size,
dev->ctrl.page_size);
if (q_size_aligned * nr_io_queues > dev->cmb_size) {
u64 mem_per_q = div_u64(dev->cmb_size, nr_io_queues);
mem_per_q = round_down(mem_per_q, dev->ctrl.page_size);
q_depth = div_u64(mem_per_q, entry_size);
/*
* Ensure the reduced q_depth is above some threshold where it
* would be better to map queues in system memory with the
* original depth
*/
if (q_depth < 64)
return -ENOMEM;
}
return q_depth;
}
static int nvme_alloc_sq_cmds(struct nvme_dev *dev, struct nvme_queue *nvmeq,
int qid, int depth)
{
/* CMB SQEs will be mapped before creation */
if (qid && dev->cmb && use_cmb_sqes && (dev->cmbsz & NVME_CMBSZ_SQS))
return 0;
nvmeq->sq_cmds = dma_alloc_coherent(dev->dev, SQ_SIZE(depth),
&nvmeq->sq_dma_addr, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!nvmeq->sq_cmds)
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
static int nvme_alloc_queue(struct nvme_dev *dev, int qid, int depth)
{
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = &dev->queues[qid];
if (dev->ctrl.queue_count > qid)
return 0;
nvmeq->cqes = dma_zalloc_coherent(dev->dev, CQ_SIZE(depth),
&nvmeq->cq_dma_addr, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!nvmeq->cqes)
goto free_nvmeq;
if (nvme_alloc_sq_cmds(dev, nvmeq, qid, depth))
goto free_cqdma;
nvmeq->q_dmadev = dev->dev;
nvmeq->dev = dev;
spin_lock_init(&nvmeq->sq_lock);
spin_lock_init(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
nvmeq->cq_head = 0;
nvmeq->cq_phase = 1;
nvmeq->q_db = &dev->dbs[qid * 2 * dev->db_stride];
nvmeq->q_depth = depth;
nvmeq->qid = qid;
nvmeq->cq_vector = -1;
dev->ctrl.queue_count++;
return 0;
free_cqdma:
dma_free_coherent(dev->dev, CQ_SIZE(depth), (void *)nvmeq->cqes,
nvmeq->cq_dma_addr);
free_nvmeq:
return -ENOMEM;
}
static int queue_request_irq(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq)
{
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(nvmeq->dev->dev);
int nr = nvmeq->dev->ctrl.instance;
if (use_threaded_interrupts) {
return pci_request_irq(pdev, nvmeq->cq_vector, nvme_irq_check,
nvme_irq, nvmeq, "nvme%dq%d", nr, nvmeq->qid);
} else {
return pci_request_irq(pdev, nvmeq->cq_vector, nvme_irq,
NULL, nvmeq, "nvme%dq%d", nr, nvmeq->qid);
}
}
static void nvme_init_queue(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 qid)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = nvmeq->dev;
spin_lock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
nvmeq->sq_tail = 0;
nvmeq->cq_head = 0;
nvmeq->cq_phase = 1;
nvmeq->q_db = &dev->dbs[qid * 2 * dev->db_stride];
memset((void *)nvmeq->cqes, 0, CQ_SIZE(nvmeq->q_depth));
nvme_dbbuf_init(dev, nvmeq, qid);
dev->online_queues++;
spin_unlock_irq(&nvmeq->cq_lock);
}
static int nvme_create_queue(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, int qid)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = nvmeq->dev;
int result;
s16 vector;
if (dev->cmb && use_cmb_sqes && (dev->cmbsz & NVME_CMBSZ_SQS)) {
unsigned offset = (qid - 1) * roundup(SQ_SIZE(nvmeq->q_depth),
dev->ctrl.page_size);
nvmeq->sq_dma_addr = dev->cmb_bus_addr + offset;
nvmeq->sq_cmds_io = dev->cmb + offset;
}
/*
* A queue's vector matches the queue identifier unless the controller
* has only one vector available.
*/
vector = dev->num_vecs == 1 ? 0 : qid;
result = adapter_alloc_cq(dev, qid, nvmeq, vector);
if (result)
return result;
result = adapter_alloc_sq(dev, qid, nvmeq);
if (result < 0)
return result;
else if (result)
goto release_cq;
/*
* Set cq_vector after alloc cq/sq, otherwise nvme_suspend_queue will
* invoke free_irq for it and cause a 'Trying to free already-free IRQ
* xxx' warning if the create CQ/SQ command times out.
*/
nvmeq->cq_vector = vector;
nvme_init_queue(nvmeq, qid);
result = queue_request_irq(nvmeq);
if (result < 0)
goto release_sq;
return result;
release_sq:
nvmeq->cq_vector = -1;
dev->online_queues--;
adapter_delete_sq(dev, qid);
release_cq:
adapter_delete_cq(dev, qid);
return result;
}
static const struct blk_mq_ops nvme_mq_admin_ops = {
.queue_rq = nvme_queue_rq,
.complete = nvme_pci_complete_rq,
.init_hctx = nvme_admin_init_hctx,
.exit_hctx = nvme_admin_exit_hctx,
.init_request = nvme_init_request,
.timeout = nvme_timeout,
};
static const struct blk_mq_ops nvme_mq_ops = {
.queue_rq = nvme_queue_rq,
.complete = nvme_pci_complete_rq,
.init_hctx = nvme_init_hctx,
.init_request = nvme_init_request,
.map_queues = nvme_pci_map_queues,
.timeout = nvme_timeout,
.poll = nvme_poll,
};
static void nvme_dev_remove_admin(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
if (dev->ctrl.admin_q && !blk_queue_dying(dev->ctrl.admin_q)) {
/*
* If the controller was reset during removal, it's possible
* user requests may be waiting on a stopped queue. Start the
* queue to flush these to completion.
*/
blk_mq_unquiesce_queue(dev->ctrl.admin_q);
blk_cleanup_queue(dev->ctrl.admin_q);
blk_mq_free_tag_set(&dev->admin_tagset);
}
}
static int nvme_alloc_admin_tags(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
if (!dev->ctrl.admin_q) {
dev->admin_tagset.ops = &nvme_mq_admin_ops;
dev->admin_tagset.nr_hw_queues = 1;
dev->admin_tagset.queue_depth = NVME_AQ_MQ_TAG_DEPTH;
dev->admin_tagset.timeout = ADMIN_TIMEOUT;
dev->admin_tagset.numa_node = dev_to_node(dev->dev);
dev->admin_tagset.cmd_size = nvme_pci_cmd_size(dev, false);
dev->admin_tagset.flags = BLK_MQ_F_NO_SCHED;
dev->admin_tagset.driver_data = dev;
if (blk_mq_alloc_tag_set(&dev->admin_tagset))
return -ENOMEM;
dev->ctrl.admin_tagset = &dev->admin_tagset;
dev->ctrl.admin_q = blk_mq_init_queue(&dev->admin_tagset);
if (IS_ERR(dev->ctrl.admin_q)) {
blk_mq_free_tag_set(&dev->admin_tagset);
return -ENOMEM;
}
if (!blk_get_queue(dev->ctrl.admin_q)) {
nvme_dev_remove_admin(dev);
dev->ctrl.admin_q = NULL;
return -ENODEV;
}
} else
blk_mq_unquiesce_queue(dev->ctrl.admin_q);
return 0;
}
static unsigned long db_bar_size(struct nvme_dev *dev, unsigned nr_io_queues)
{
return NVME_REG_DBS + ((nr_io_queues + 1) * 8 * dev->db_stride);
}
static int nvme_remap_bar(struct nvme_dev *dev, unsigned long size)
{
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
if (size <= dev->bar_mapped_size)
return 0;
if (size > pci_resource_len(pdev, 0))
return -ENOMEM;
if (dev->bar)
iounmap(dev->bar);
dev->bar = ioremap(pci_resource_start(pdev, 0), size);
if (!dev->bar) {
dev->bar_mapped_size = 0;
return -ENOMEM;
}
dev->bar_mapped_size = size;
dev->dbs = dev->bar + NVME_REG_DBS;
return 0;
}
static int nvme_pci_configure_admin_queue(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
int result;
u32 aqa;
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq;
result = nvme_remap_bar(dev, db_bar_size(dev, 0));
if (result < 0)
return result;
dev->subsystem = readl(dev->bar + NVME_REG_VS) >= NVME_VS(1, 1, 0) ?
NVME_CAP_NSSRC(dev->ctrl.cap) : 0;
if (dev->subsystem &&
(readl(dev->bar + NVME_REG_CSTS) & NVME_CSTS_NSSRO))
writel(NVME_CSTS_NSSRO, dev->bar + NVME_REG_CSTS);
result = nvme_disable_ctrl(&dev->ctrl, dev->ctrl.cap);
if (result < 0)
return result;
result = nvme_alloc_queue(dev, 0, NVME_AQ_DEPTH);
if (result)
return result;
nvmeq = &dev->queues[0];
aqa = nvmeq->q_depth - 1;
aqa |= aqa << 16;
writel(aqa, dev->bar + NVME_REG_AQA);
lo_hi_writeq(nvmeq->sq_dma_addr, dev->bar + NVME_REG_ASQ);
lo_hi_writeq(nvmeq->cq_dma_addr, dev->bar + NVME_REG_ACQ);
result = nvme_enable_ctrl(&dev->ctrl, dev->ctrl.cap);
if (result)
return result;
nvmeq->cq_vector = 0;
nvme_init_queue(nvmeq, 0);
result = queue_request_irq(nvmeq);
if (result) {
nvmeq->cq_vector = -1;
return result;
}
return result;
}
static int nvme_create_io_queues(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
unsigned i, max;
int ret = 0;
for (i = dev->ctrl.queue_count; i <= dev->max_qid; i++) {
if (nvme_alloc_queue(dev, i, dev->q_depth)) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
break;
}
}
max = min(dev->max_qid, dev->ctrl.queue_count - 1);
for (i = dev->online_queues; i <= max; i++) {
ret = nvme_create_queue(&dev->queues[i], i);
if (ret)
break;
}
/*
* Ignore failing Create SQ/CQ commands, we can continue with less
* than the desired amount of queues, and even a controller without
* I/O queues can still be used to issue admin commands. This might
* be useful to upgrade a buggy firmware for example.
*/
return ret >= 0 ? 0 : ret;
}
static ssize_t nvme_cmb_show(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr,
char *buf)
{
struct nvme_dev *ndev = to_nvme_dev(dev_get_drvdata(dev));
return scnprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "cmbloc : x%08x\ncmbsz : x%08x\n",
ndev->cmbloc, ndev->cmbsz);
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(cmb, S_IRUGO, nvme_cmb_show, NULL);
static u64 nvme_cmb_size_unit(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
u8 szu = (dev->cmbsz >> NVME_CMBSZ_SZU_SHIFT) & NVME_CMBSZ_SZU_MASK;
return 1ULL << (12 + 4 * szu);
}
static u32 nvme_cmb_size(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
return (dev->cmbsz >> NVME_CMBSZ_SZ_SHIFT) & NVME_CMBSZ_SZ_MASK;
}
static void nvme_map_cmb(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
u64 size, offset;
resource_size_t bar_size;
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
int bar;
if (dev->cmb_size)
return;
dev->cmbsz = readl(dev->bar + NVME_REG_CMBSZ);
if (!dev->cmbsz)
return;
dev->cmbloc = readl(dev->bar + NVME_REG_CMBLOC);
if (!use_cmb_sqes)
return;
size = nvme_cmb_size_unit(dev) * nvme_cmb_size(dev);
offset = nvme_cmb_size_unit(dev) * NVME_CMB_OFST(dev->cmbloc);
bar = NVME_CMB_BIR(dev->cmbloc);
bar_size = pci_resource_len(pdev, bar);
if (offset > bar_size)
return;
/*
* Controllers may support a CMB size larger than their BAR,
* for example, due to being behind a bridge. Reduce the CMB to
* the reported size of the BAR
*/
if (size > bar_size - offset)
size = bar_size - offset;
dev->cmb = ioremap_wc(pci_resource_start(pdev, bar) + offset, size);
if (!dev->cmb)
return;
dev->cmb_bus_addr = pci_bus_address(pdev, bar) + offset;
dev->cmb_size = size;
if (sysfs_add_file_to_group(&dev->ctrl.device->kobj,
&dev_attr_cmb.attr, NULL))
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"failed to add sysfs attribute for CMB\n");
}
static inline void nvme_release_cmb(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
if (dev->cmb) {
iounmap(dev->cmb);
dev->cmb = NULL;
sysfs_remove_file_from_group(&dev->ctrl.device->kobj,
&dev_attr_cmb.attr, NULL);
dev->cmbsz = 0;
}
}
static int nvme_set_host_mem(struct nvme_dev *dev, u32 bits)
{
u64 dma_addr = dev->host_mem_descs_dma;
struct nvme_command c;
int ret;
memset(&c, 0, sizeof(c));
c.features.opcode = nvme_admin_set_features;
c.features.fid = cpu_to_le32(NVME_FEAT_HOST_MEM_BUF);
c.features.dword11 = cpu_to_le32(bits);
c.features.dword12 = cpu_to_le32(dev->host_mem_size >>
ilog2(dev->ctrl.page_size));
c.features.dword13 = cpu_to_le32(lower_32_bits(dma_addr));
c.features.dword14 = cpu_to_le32(upper_32_bits(dma_addr));
c.features.dword15 = cpu_to_le32(dev->nr_host_mem_descs);
ret = nvme_submit_sync_cmd(dev->ctrl.admin_q, &c, NULL, 0);
if (ret) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"failed to set host mem (err %d, flags %#x).\n",
ret, bits);
}
return ret;
}
static void nvme_free_host_mem(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < dev->nr_host_mem_descs; i++) {
struct nvme_host_mem_buf_desc *desc = &dev->host_mem_descs[i];
size_t size = le32_to_cpu(desc->size) * dev->ctrl.page_size;
dma_free_attrs(dev->dev, size, dev->host_mem_desc_bufs[i],
le64_to_cpu(desc->addr),
DMA_ATTR_NO_KERNEL_MAPPING | DMA_ATTR_NO_WARN);
}
kfree(dev->host_mem_desc_bufs);
dev->host_mem_desc_bufs = NULL;
dma_free_coherent(dev->dev,
dev->nr_host_mem_descs * sizeof(*dev->host_mem_descs),
dev->host_mem_descs, dev->host_mem_descs_dma);
dev->host_mem_descs = NULL;
dev->nr_host_mem_descs = 0;
}
static int __nvme_alloc_host_mem(struct nvme_dev *dev, u64 preferred,
u32 chunk_size)
{
struct nvme_host_mem_buf_desc *descs;
u32 max_entries, len;
dma_addr_t descs_dma;
int i = 0;
void **bufs;
u64 size, tmp;
tmp = (preferred + chunk_size - 1);
do_div(tmp, chunk_size);
max_entries = tmp;
if (dev->ctrl.hmmaxd && dev->ctrl.hmmaxd < max_entries)
max_entries = dev->ctrl.hmmaxd;
descs = dma_zalloc_coherent(dev->dev, max_entries * sizeof(*descs),
&descs_dma, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!descs)
goto out;
bufs = kcalloc(max_entries, sizeof(*bufs), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!bufs)
goto out_free_descs;
for (size = 0; size < preferred && i < max_entries; size += len) {
dma_addr_t dma_addr;
len = min_t(u64, chunk_size, preferred - size);
bufs[i] = dma_alloc_attrs(dev->dev, len, &dma_addr, GFP_KERNEL,
DMA_ATTR_NO_KERNEL_MAPPING | DMA_ATTR_NO_WARN);
if (!bufs[i])
break;
descs[i].addr = cpu_to_le64(dma_addr);
descs[i].size = cpu_to_le32(len / dev->ctrl.page_size);
i++;
}
if (!size)
goto out_free_bufs;
dev->nr_host_mem_descs = i;
dev->host_mem_size = size;
dev->host_mem_descs = descs;
dev->host_mem_descs_dma = descs_dma;
dev->host_mem_desc_bufs = bufs;
return 0;
out_free_bufs:
while (--i >= 0) {
size_t size = le32_to_cpu(descs[i].size) * dev->ctrl.page_size;
dma_free_attrs(dev->dev, size, bufs[i],
le64_to_cpu(descs[i].addr),
DMA_ATTR_NO_KERNEL_MAPPING | DMA_ATTR_NO_WARN);
}
kfree(bufs);
out_free_descs:
dma_free_coherent(dev->dev, max_entries * sizeof(*descs), descs,
descs_dma);
out:
dev->host_mem_descs = NULL;
return -ENOMEM;
}
static int nvme_alloc_host_mem(struct nvme_dev *dev, u64 min, u64 preferred)
{
u32 chunk_size;
/* start big and work our way down */
for (chunk_size = min_t(u64, preferred, PAGE_SIZE * MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES);
chunk_size >= max_t(u32, dev->ctrl.hmminds * 4096, PAGE_SIZE * 2);
chunk_size /= 2) {
if (!__nvme_alloc_host_mem(dev, preferred, chunk_size)) {
if (!min || dev->host_mem_size >= min)
return 0;
nvme_free_host_mem(dev);
}
}
return -ENOMEM;
}
static int nvme_setup_host_mem(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
u64 max = (u64)max_host_mem_size_mb * SZ_1M;
u64 preferred = (u64)dev->ctrl.hmpre * 4096;
u64 min = (u64)dev->ctrl.hmmin * 4096;
u32 enable_bits = NVME_HOST_MEM_ENABLE;
int ret;
preferred = min(preferred, max);
if (min > max) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"min host memory (%lld MiB) above limit (%d MiB).\n",
min >> ilog2(SZ_1M), max_host_mem_size_mb);
nvme_free_host_mem(dev);
return 0;
}
/*
* If we already have a buffer allocated check if we can reuse it.
*/
if (dev->host_mem_descs) {
if (dev->host_mem_size >= min)
enable_bits |= NVME_HOST_MEM_RETURN;
else
nvme_free_host_mem(dev);
}
if (!dev->host_mem_descs) {
if (nvme_alloc_host_mem(dev, min, preferred)) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"failed to allocate host memory buffer.\n");
return 0; /* controller must work without HMB */
}
dev_info(dev->ctrl.device,
"allocated %lld MiB host memory buffer.\n",
dev->host_mem_size >> ilog2(SZ_1M));
}
ret = nvme_set_host_mem(dev, enable_bits);
if (ret)
nvme_free_host_mem(dev);
return ret;
}
static int nvme_setup_io_queues(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
struct nvme_queue *adminq = &dev->queues[0];
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
int result, nr_io_queues;
unsigned long size;
struct irq_affinity affd = {
.pre_vectors = 1
};
nr_io_queues = num_possible_cpus();
result = nvme_set_queue_count(&dev->ctrl, &nr_io_queues);
if (result < 0)
return result;
if (nr_io_queues == 0)
return 0;
if (dev->cmb && (dev->cmbsz & NVME_CMBSZ_SQS)) {
result = nvme_cmb_qdepth(dev, nr_io_queues,
sizeof(struct nvme_command));
if (result > 0)
dev->q_depth = result;
else
nvme_release_cmb(dev);
}
do {
size = db_bar_size(dev, nr_io_queues);
result = nvme_remap_bar(dev, size);
if (!result)
break;
if (!--nr_io_queues)
return -ENOMEM;
} while (1);
adminq->q_db = dev->dbs;
/* Deregister the admin queue's interrupt */
pci_free_irq(pdev, 0, adminq);
/*
* If we enable msix early due to not intx, disable it again before
* setting up the full range we need.
*/
pci_free_irq_vectors(pdev);
result = pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity(pdev, 1, nr_io_queues + 1,
PCI_IRQ_ALL_TYPES | PCI_IRQ_AFFINITY, &affd);
if (result <= 0)
return -EIO;
dev->num_vecs = result;
dev->max_qid = max(result - 1, 1);
/*
* Should investigate if there's a performance win from allocating
* more queues than interrupt vectors; it might allow the submission
* path to scale better, even if the receive path is limited by the
* number of interrupts.
*/
result = queue_request_irq(adminq);
if (result) {
adminq->cq_vector = -1;
return result;
}
return nvme_create_io_queues(dev);
}
static void nvme_del_queue_end(struct request *req, blk_status_t error)
{
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = req->end_io_data;
blk_mq_free_request(req);
complete(&nvmeq->dev->ioq_wait);
}
static void nvme_del_cq_end(struct request *req, blk_status_t error)
{
struct nvme_queue *nvmeq = req->end_io_data;
u16 start, end;
if (!error) {
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&nvmeq->cq_lock, flags);
nvme_process_cq(nvmeq, &start, &end, -1);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&nvmeq->cq_lock, flags);
nvme_complete_cqes(nvmeq, start, end);
}
nvme_del_queue_end(req, error);
}
static int nvme_delete_queue(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u8 opcode)
{
struct request_queue *q = nvmeq->dev->ctrl.admin_q;
struct request *req;
struct nvme_command cmd;
memset(&cmd, 0, sizeof(cmd));
cmd.delete_queue.opcode = opcode;
cmd.delete_queue.qid = cpu_to_le16(nvmeq->qid);
req = nvme_alloc_request(q, &cmd, BLK_MQ_REQ_NOWAIT, NVME_QID_ANY);
if (IS_ERR(req))
return PTR_ERR(req);
req->timeout = ADMIN_TIMEOUT;
req->end_io_data = nvmeq;
blk_execute_rq_nowait(q, NULL, req, false,
opcode == nvme_admin_delete_cq ?
nvme_del_cq_end : nvme_del_queue_end);
return 0;
}
static void nvme_disable_io_queues(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
int pass, queues = dev->online_queues - 1;
unsigned long timeout;
u8 opcode = nvme_admin_delete_sq;
for (pass = 0; pass < 2; pass++) {
int sent = 0, i = queues;
reinit_completion(&dev->ioq_wait);
retry:
timeout = ADMIN_TIMEOUT;
for (; i > 0; i--, sent++)
if (nvme_delete_queue(&dev->queues[i], opcode))
break;
while (sent--) {
timeout = wait_for_completion_io_timeout(&dev->ioq_wait, timeout);
if (timeout == 0)
return;
if (i)
goto retry;
}
opcode = nvme_admin_delete_cq;
}
}
/*
* return error value only when tagset allocation failed
*/
static int nvme_dev_add(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
int ret;
if (!dev->ctrl.tagset) {
dev->tagset.ops = &nvme_mq_ops;
dev->tagset.nr_hw_queues = dev->online_queues - 1;
dev->tagset.timeout = NVME_IO_TIMEOUT;
dev->tagset.numa_node = dev_to_node(dev->dev);
dev->tagset.queue_depth =
min_t(int, dev->q_depth, BLK_MQ_MAX_DEPTH) - 1;
dev->tagset.cmd_size = nvme_pci_cmd_size(dev, false);
if ((dev->ctrl.sgls & ((1 << 0) | (1 << 1))) && sgl_threshold) {
dev->tagset.cmd_size = max(dev->tagset.cmd_size,
nvme_pci_cmd_size(dev, true));
}
dev->tagset.flags = BLK_MQ_F_SHOULD_MERGE;
dev->tagset.driver_data = dev;
ret = blk_mq_alloc_tag_set(&dev->tagset);
if (ret) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"IO queues tagset allocation failed %d\n", ret);
return ret;
}
dev->ctrl.tagset = &dev->tagset;
nvme_dbbuf_set(dev);
} else {
blk_mq_update_nr_hw_queues(&dev->tagset, dev->online_queues - 1);
/* Free previously allocated queues that are no longer usable */
nvme_free_queues(dev, dev->online_queues);
}
return 0;
}
static int nvme_pci_enable(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
int result = -ENOMEM;
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
if (pci_enable_device_mem(pdev))
return result;
pci_set_master(pdev);
if (dma_set_mask_and_coherent(dev->dev, DMA_BIT_MASK(64)) &&
dma_set_mask_and_coherent(dev->dev, DMA_BIT_MASK(32)))
goto disable;
if (readl(dev->bar + NVME_REG_CSTS) == -1) {
result = -ENODEV;
goto disable;
}
/*
* Some devices and/or platforms don't advertise or work with INTx
* interrupts. Pre-enable a single MSIX or MSI vec for setup. We'll
* adjust this later.
*/
result = pci_alloc_irq_vectors(pdev, 1, 1, PCI_IRQ_ALL_TYPES);
if (result < 0)
return result;
dev->ctrl.cap = lo_hi_readq(dev->bar + NVME_REG_CAP);
dev->q_depth = min_t(int, NVME_CAP_MQES(dev->ctrl.cap) + 1,
io_queue_depth);
dev->db_stride = 1 << NVME_CAP_STRIDE(dev->ctrl.cap);
dev->dbs = dev->bar + 4096;
/*
* Temporary fix for the Apple controller found in the MacBook8,1 and
* some MacBook7,1 to avoid controller resets and data loss.
*/
if (pdev->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_APPLE && pdev->device == 0x2001) {
dev->q_depth = 2;
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device, "detected Apple NVMe controller, "
"set queue depth=%u to work around controller resets\n",
dev->q_depth);
} else if (pdev->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_SAMSUNG &&
(pdev->device == 0xa821 || pdev->device == 0xa822) &&
NVME_CAP_MQES(dev->ctrl.cap) == 0) {
dev->q_depth = 64;
dev_err(dev->ctrl.device, "detected PM1725 NVMe controller, "
"set queue depth=%u\n", dev->q_depth);
}
nvme_map_cmb(dev);
pci_enable_pcie_error_reporting(pdev);
pci_save_state(pdev);
return 0;
disable:
pci_disable_device(pdev);
return result;
}
static void nvme_dev_unmap(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
if (dev->bar)
iounmap(dev->bar);
pci_release_mem_regions(to_pci_dev(dev->dev));
}
static void nvme_pci_disable(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
pci_free_irq_vectors(pdev);
if (pci_is_enabled(pdev)) {
pci_disable_pcie_error_reporting(pdev);
pci_disable_device(pdev);
}
}
static void nvme_dev_disable(struct nvme_dev *dev, bool shutdown)
{
int i;
bool dead = true;
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
mutex_lock(&dev->shutdown_lock);
if (pci_is_enabled(pdev)) {
u32 csts = readl(dev->bar + NVME_REG_CSTS);
if (dev->ctrl.state == NVME_CTRL_LIVE ||
dev->ctrl.state == NVME_CTRL_RESETTING)
nvme_start_freeze(&dev->ctrl);
dead = !!((csts & NVME_CSTS_CFS) || !(csts & NVME_CSTS_RDY) ||
pdev->error_state != pci_channel_io_normal);
}
/*
* Give the controller a chance to complete all entered requests if
* doing a safe shutdown.
*/
if (!dead) {
if (shutdown)
nvme_wait_freeze_timeout(&dev->ctrl, NVME_IO_TIMEOUT);
}
nvme_stop_queues(&dev->ctrl);
if (!dead && dev->ctrl.queue_count > 0) {
nvme_disable_io_queues(dev);
nvme_disable_admin_queue(dev, shutdown);
}
for (i = dev->ctrl.queue_count - 1; i >= 0; i--)
nvme_suspend_queue(&dev->queues[i]);
nvme_pci_disable(dev);
blk_mq_tagset_busy_iter(&dev->tagset, nvme_cancel_request, &dev->ctrl);
blk_mq_tagset_busy_iter(&dev->admin_tagset, nvme_cancel_request, &dev->ctrl);
/*
* The driver will not be starting up queues again if shutting down so
* must flush all entered requests to their failed completion to avoid
* deadlocking blk-mq hot-cpu notifier.
*/
if (shutdown) {
nvme_start_queues(&dev->ctrl);
if (dev->ctrl.admin_q && !blk_queue_dying(dev->ctrl.admin_q))
blk_mq_unquiesce_queue(dev->ctrl.admin_q);
}
mutex_unlock(&dev->shutdown_lock);
}
static int nvme_setup_prp_pools(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
dev->prp_page_pool = dma_pool_create("prp list page", dev->dev,
PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE, 0);
if (!dev->prp_page_pool)
return -ENOMEM;
/* Optimisation for I/Os between 4k and 128k */
dev->prp_small_pool = dma_pool_create("prp list 256", dev->dev,
256, 256, 0);
if (!dev->prp_small_pool) {
dma_pool_destroy(dev->prp_page_pool);
return -ENOMEM;
}
return 0;
}
static void nvme_release_prp_pools(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
dma_pool_destroy(dev->prp_page_pool);
dma_pool_destroy(dev->prp_small_pool);
}
static void nvme_pci_free_ctrl(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = to_nvme_dev(ctrl);
nvme_dbbuf_dma_free(dev);
put_device(dev->dev);
if (dev->tagset.tags)
blk_mq_free_tag_set(&dev->tagset);
if (dev->ctrl.admin_q)
blk_put_queue(dev->ctrl.admin_q);
kfree(dev->queues);
free_opal_dev(dev->ctrl.opal_dev);
mempool_destroy(dev->iod_mempool);
kfree(dev);
}
static void nvme_remove_dead_ctrl(struct nvme_dev *dev, int status)
{
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device, "Removing after probe failure status: %d\n", status);
nvme_get_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
nvme_dev_disable(dev, false);
nvme_kill_queues(&dev->ctrl);
if (!queue_work(nvme_wq, &dev->remove_work))
nvme_put_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
}
static void nvme_reset_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev =
container_of(work, struct nvme_dev, ctrl.reset_work);
bool was_suspend = !!(dev->ctrl.ctrl_config & NVME_CC_SHN_NORMAL);
int result;
enum nvme_ctrl_state new_state = NVME_CTRL_LIVE;
if (WARN_ON(dev->ctrl.state != NVME_CTRL_RESETTING)) {
result = -ENODEV;
goto out;
}
/*
* If we're called to reset a live controller first shut it down before
* moving on.
*/
if (dev->ctrl.ctrl_config & NVME_CC_ENABLE)
nvme_dev_disable(dev, false);
mutex_lock(&dev->shutdown_lock);
result = nvme_pci_enable(dev);
if (result)
goto out_unlock;
result = nvme_pci_configure_admin_queue(dev);
if (result)
goto out_unlock;
result = nvme_alloc_admin_tags(dev);
if (result)
goto out_unlock;
/*
* Limit the max command size to prevent iod->sg allocations going
* over a single page.
*/
dev->ctrl.max_hw_sectors = NVME_MAX_KB_SZ << 1;
dev->ctrl.max_segments = NVME_MAX_SEGS;
mutex_unlock(&dev->shutdown_lock);
/*
* Introduce CONNECTING state from nvme-fc/rdma transports to mark the
* initializing procedure here.
*/
if (!nvme_change_ctrl_state(&dev->ctrl, NVME_CTRL_CONNECTING)) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"failed to mark controller CONNECTING\n");
result = -EBUSY;
goto out;
}
result = nvme_init_identify(&dev->ctrl);
if (result)
goto out;
if (dev->ctrl.oacs & NVME_CTRL_OACS_SEC_SUPP) {
if (!dev->ctrl.opal_dev)
dev->ctrl.opal_dev =
init_opal_dev(&dev->ctrl, &nvme_sec_submit);
else if (was_suspend)
opal_unlock_from_suspend(dev->ctrl.opal_dev);
} else {
free_opal_dev(dev->ctrl.opal_dev);
dev->ctrl.opal_dev = NULL;
}
if (dev->ctrl.oacs & NVME_CTRL_OACS_DBBUF_SUPP) {
result = nvme_dbbuf_dma_alloc(dev);
if (result)
dev_warn(dev->dev,
"unable to allocate dma for dbbuf\n");
}
if (dev->ctrl.hmpre) {
result = nvme_setup_host_mem(dev);
if (result < 0)
goto out;
}
result = nvme_setup_io_queues(dev);
if (result)
goto out;
/*
* Keep the controller around but remove all namespaces if we don't have
* any working I/O queue.
*/
if (dev->online_queues < 2) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device, "IO queues not created\n");
nvme_kill_queues(&dev->ctrl);
nvme_remove_namespaces(&dev->ctrl);
new_state = NVME_CTRL_ADMIN_ONLY;
} else {
nvme_start_queues(&dev->ctrl);
nvme_wait_freeze(&dev->ctrl);
/* hit this only when allocate tagset fails */
if (nvme_dev_add(dev))
new_state = NVME_CTRL_ADMIN_ONLY;
nvme_unfreeze(&dev->ctrl);
}
/*
* If only admin queue live, keep it to do further investigation or
* recovery.
*/
if (!nvme_change_ctrl_state(&dev->ctrl, new_state)) {
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"failed to mark controller state %d\n", new_state);
result = -ENODEV;
goto out;
}
nvme_start_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
return;
out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&dev->shutdown_lock);
out:
nvme_remove_dead_ctrl(dev, result);
}
static void nvme_remove_dead_ctrl_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = container_of(work, struct nvme_dev, remove_work);
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
if (pci_get_drvdata(pdev))
device_release_driver(&pdev->dev);
nvme_put_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
}
static int nvme_pci_reg_read32(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, u32 off, u32 *val)
{
*val = readl(to_nvme_dev(ctrl)->bar + off);
return 0;
}
static int nvme_pci_reg_write32(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, u32 off, u32 val)
{
writel(val, to_nvme_dev(ctrl)->bar + off);
return 0;
}
static int nvme_pci_reg_read64(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, u32 off, u64 *val)
{
*val = lo_hi_readq(to_nvme_dev(ctrl)->bar + off);
return 0;
}
static int nvme_pci_get_address(struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl, char *buf, int size)
{
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(to_nvme_dev(ctrl)->dev);
return snprintf(buf, size, "%s", dev_name(&pdev->dev));
}
static const struct nvme_ctrl_ops nvme_pci_ctrl_ops = {
.name = "pcie",
.module = THIS_MODULE,
.flags = NVME_F_METADATA_SUPPORTED,
.reg_read32 = nvme_pci_reg_read32,
.reg_write32 = nvme_pci_reg_write32,
.reg_read64 = nvme_pci_reg_read64,
.free_ctrl = nvme_pci_free_ctrl,
.submit_async_event = nvme_pci_submit_async_event,
.get_address = nvme_pci_get_address,
};
static int nvme_dev_map(struct nvme_dev *dev)
{
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev->dev);
if (pci_request_mem_regions(pdev, "nvme"))
return -ENODEV;
if (nvme_remap_bar(dev, NVME_REG_DBS + 4096))
goto release;
return 0;
release:
pci_release_mem_regions(pdev);
return -ENODEV;
}
static unsigned long check_vendor_combination_bug(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
if (pdev->vendor == 0x144d && pdev->device == 0xa802) {
/*
* Several Samsung devices seem to drop off the PCIe bus
* randomly when APST is on and uses the deepest sleep state.
* This has been observed on a Samsung "SM951 NVMe SAMSUNG
* 256GB", a "PM951 NVMe SAMSUNG 512GB", and a "Samsung SSD
* 950 PRO 256GB", but it seems to be restricted to two Dell
* laptops.
*/
if (dmi_match(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Dell Inc.") &&
(dmi_match(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "XPS 15 9550") ||
dmi_match(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "Precision 5510")))
return NVME_QUIRK_NO_DEEPEST_PS;
} else if (pdev->vendor == 0x144d && pdev->device == 0xa804) {
/*
* Samsung SSD 960 EVO drops off the PCIe bus after system
* suspend on a Ryzen board, ASUS PRIME B350M-A, as well as
* within few minutes after bootup on a Coffee Lake board -
* ASUS PRIME Z370-A
*/
if (dmi_match(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC.") &&
(dmi_match(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "PRIME B350M-A") ||
dmi_match(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "PRIME Z370-A")))
return NVME_QUIRK_NO_APST;
}
return 0;
}
static void nvme_async_probe(void *data, async_cookie_t cookie)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = data;
flush_work(&dev->ctrl.reset_work);
flush_work(&dev->ctrl.scan_work);
nvme_put_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
}
static int nvme_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
{
int node, result = -ENOMEM;
struct nvme_dev *dev;
unsigned long quirks = id->driver_data;
size_t alloc_size;
node = dev_to_node(&pdev->dev);
if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
set_dev_node(&pdev->dev, first_memory_node);
dev = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL, node);
if (!dev)
return -ENOMEM;
dev->queues = kcalloc_node(num_possible_cpus() + 1,
sizeof(struct nvme_queue), GFP_KERNEL, node);
if (!dev->queues)
goto free;
dev->dev = get_device(&pdev->dev);
pci_set_drvdata(pdev, dev);
result = nvme_dev_map(dev);
if (result)
goto put_pci;
INIT_WORK(&dev->ctrl.reset_work, nvme_reset_work);
INIT_WORK(&dev->remove_work, nvme_remove_dead_ctrl_work);
mutex_init(&dev->shutdown_lock);
init_completion(&dev->ioq_wait);
result = nvme_setup_prp_pools(dev);
if (result)
goto unmap;
quirks |= check_vendor_combination_bug(pdev);
/*
* Double check that our mempool alloc size will cover the biggest
* command we support.
*/
alloc_size = nvme_pci_iod_alloc_size(dev, NVME_MAX_KB_SZ,
NVME_MAX_SEGS, true);
WARN_ON_ONCE(alloc_size > PAGE_SIZE);
dev->iod_mempool = mempool_create_node(1, mempool_kmalloc,
mempool_kfree,
(void *) alloc_size,
GFP_KERNEL, node);
if (!dev->iod_mempool) {
result = -ENOMEM;
goto release_pools;
}
result = nvme_init_ctrl(&dev->ctrl, &pdev->dev, &nvme_pci_ctrl_ops,
quirks);
if (result)
goto release_mempool;
dev_info(dev->ctrl.device, "pci function %s\n", dev_name(&pdev->dev));
nvme_reset_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
nvme_get_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
async_schedule(nvme_async_probe, dev);
return 0;
release_mempool:
mempool_destroy(dev->iod_mempool);
release_pools:
nvme_release_prp_pools(dev);
unmap:
nvme_dev_unmap(dev);
put_pci:
put_device(dev->dev);
free:
kfree(dev->queues);
kfree(dev);
return result;
}
static void nvme_reset_prepare(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
nvme_dev_disable(dev, false);
}
static void nvme_reset_done(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
nvme_reset_ctrl_sync(&dev->ctrl);
}
static void nvme_shutdown(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
nvme_dev_disable(dev, true);
}
/*
* The driver's remove may be called on a device in a partially initialized
* state. This function must not have any dependencies on the device state in
* order to proceed.
*/
static void nvme_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
nvme_change_ctrl_state(&dev->ctrl, NVME_CTRL_DELETING);
pci_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
if (!pci_device_is_present(pdev)) {
nvme_change_ctrl_state(&dev->ctrl, NVME_CTRL_DEAD);
nvme_dev_disable(dev, true);
nvme_dev_remove_admin(dev);
}
flush_work(&dev->ctrl.reset_work);
nvme_stop_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
nvme_remove_namespaces(&dev->ctrl);
nvme_dev_disable(dev, true);
nvme_release_cmb(dev);
nvme_free_host_mem(dev);
nvme_dev_remove_admin(dev);
nvme_free_queues(dev, 0);
nvme_uninit_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
nvme_release_prp_pools(dev);
nvme_dev_unmap(dev);
nvme_put_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
static int nvme_suspend(struct device *dev)
{
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
struct nvme_dev *ndev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
nvme_dev_disable(ndev, true);
return 0;
}
static int nvme_resume(struct device *dev)
{
struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
struct nvme_dev *ndev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
nvme_reset_ctrl(&ndev->ctrl);
return 0;
}
#endif
static SIMPLE_DEV_PM_OPS(nvme_dev_pm_ops, nvme_suspend, nvme_resume);
static pci_ers_result_t nvme_error_detected(struct pci_dev *pdev,
pci_channel_state_t state)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
/*
* A frozen channel requires a reset. When detected, this method will
* shutdown the controller to quiesce. The controller will be restarted
* after the slot reset through driver's slot_reset callback.
*/
switch (state) {
case pci_channel_io_normal:
return PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER;
case pci_channel_io_frozen:
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"frozen state error detected, reset controller\n");
nvme_dev_disable(dev, false);
return PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET;
case pci_channel_io_perm_failure:
dev_warn(dev->ctrl.device,
"failure state error detected, request disconnect\n");
return PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT;
}
return PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET;
}
static pci_ers_result_t nvme_slot_reset(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
dev_info(dev->ctrl.device, "restart after slot reset\n");
pci_restore_state(pdev);
nvme_reset_ctrl(&dev->ctrl);
return PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED;
}
static void nvme_error_resume(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
struct nvme_dev *dev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
flush_work(&dev->ctrl.reset_work);
pci_cleanup_aer_uncorrect_error_status(pdev);
}
static const struct pci_error_handlers nvme_err_handler = {
.error_detected = nvme_error_detected,
.slot_reset = nvme_slot_reset,
.resume = nvme_error_resume,
.reset_prepare = nvme_reset_prepare,
.reset_done = nvme_reset_done,
};
static const struct pci_device_id nvme_id_table[] = {
{ PCI_VDEVICE(INTEL, 0x0953),
.driver_data = NVME_QUIRK_STRIPE_SIZE |
NVME_QUIRK_DEALLOCATE_ZEROES, },
{ PCI_VDEVICE(INTEL, 0x0a53),
.driver_data = NVME_QUIRK_STRIPE_SIZE |
NVME_QUIRK_DEALLOCATE_ZEROES, },
{ PCI_VDEVICE(INTEL, 0x0a54),
.driver_data = NVME_QUIRK_STRIPE_SIZE |