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# -- core Portage functionality
# Copyright 1998-2004 Gentoo Foundation
# Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2
# $Id$
import os
import atexit
import signal
import sys
from portage.util import dump_traceback
from portage.exception import CommandNotFound
import resource
max_fd_limit = resource.getrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE)[0]
except ImportError:
max_fd_limit = 256
if os.path.isdir("/proc/%i/fd" % os.getpid()):
def get_open_fds():
return map(int, [fd for fd in os.listdir("/proc/%i/fd" % os.getpid()) if fd.isdigit()])
def get_open_fds():
return xrange(max_fd_limit)
sandbox_capable = (os.path.isfile(SANDBOX_BINARY) and
os.access(SANDBOX_BINARY, os.X_OK))
fakeroot_capable = (os.path.isfile(FAKEROOT_BINARY) and
os.access(FAKEROOT_BINARY, os.X_OK))
def spawn_bash(mycommand, debug=False, opt_name=None, **keywords):
Spawns a bash shell running a specific commands
@param mycommand: The command for bash to run
@type mycommand: String
@param debug: Turn bash debugging on (set -x)
@type debug: Boolean
@param opt_name: Name of the spawned process (detaults to binary name)
@type opt_name: String
@param keywords: Extra Dictionary arguments to pass to spawn
@type keywords: Dictionary
args = [BASH_BINARY]
if not opt_name:
opt_name = os.path.basename(mycommand.split()[0])
if debug:
# Print commands and their arguments as they are executed.
return spawn(args, opt_name=opt_name, **keywords)
def spawn_sandbox(mycommand, opt_name=None, **keywords):
if not sandbox_capable:
return spawn_bash(mycommand, opt_name=opt_name, **keywords)
if not opt_name:
opt_name = os.path.basename(mycommand.split()[0])
return spawn(args, opt_name=opt_name, **keywords)
def spawn_fakeroot(mycommand, fakeroot_state=None, opt_name=None, **keywords):
if not opt_name:
opt_name = os.path.basename(mycommand.split()[0])
if fakeroot_state:
open(fakeroot_state, "a").close()
return spawn(args, opt_name=opt_name, **keywords)
_exithandlers = []
def atexit_register(func, *args, **kargs):
"""Wrapper around atexit.register that is needed in order to track
what is registered. For example, when portage restarts itself via
os.execv, the atexit module does not work so we have to do it
manually by calling the run_exitfuncs() function in this module."""
_exithandlers.append((func, args, kargs))
def run_exitfuncs():
"""This should behave identically to the routine performed by
the atexit module at exit time. It's only necessary to call this
function when atexit will not work (because of os.execv, for
# This function is a copy of the private atexit._run_exitfuncs()
# from the python 2.4.2 sources. The only difference from the
# original function is in the output to stderr.
exc_info = None
while _exithandlers:
func, targs, kargs = _exithandlers.pop()
func(*targs, **kargs)
except SystemExit:
exc_info = sys.exc_info()
except: # No idea what they called, so we need this broad except here.
dump_traceback("Error in portage.process.run_exitfuncs", noiselevel=0)
exc_info = sys.exc_info()
if exc_info is not None:
raise exc_info[0], exc_info[1], exc_info[2]
# We need to make sure that any processes spawned are killed off when
# we exit. spawn() takes care of adding and removing pids to this list
# as it creates and cleans up processes.
spawned_pids = []
def cleanup():
while spawned_pids:
pid = spawned_pids.pop()
if os.waitpid(pid, os.WNOHANG) == (0, 0):
os.kill(pid, signal.SIGTERM)
os.waitpid(pid, 0)
except OSError:
# This pid has been cleaned up outside
# of spawn().
def spawn(mycommand, env={}, opt_name=None, fd_pipes=None, returnpid=False,
uid=None, gid=None, groups=None, umask=None, logfile=None,
path_lookup=True, pre_exec=None):
Spawns a given command.
@param mycommand: the command to execute
@type mycommand: String or List (Popen style list)
@param env: A dict of Key=Value pairs for env variables
@type env: Dictionary
@param opt_name: an optional name for the spawn'd process (defaults to the binary name)
@type opt_name: String
@param fd_pipes: A dict of mapping for pipes, { '0': stdin, '1': stdout } for example
@type fd_pipes: Dictionary
@param returnpid: Return the Process IDs for a successful spawn.
NOTE: This requires the caller clean up all the PIDs, otherwise spawn will clean them.
@type returnpid: Boolean
@param uid: User ID to spawn as; useful for dropping privilages
@type uid: Integer
@param gid: Group ID to spawn as; useful for dropping privilages
@type gid: Integer
@param groups: Group ID's to spawn in: useful for having the process run in multiple group contexts.
@type groups: List
@param umask: An integer representing the umask for the process (see man chmod for umask details)
@type umask: Integer
@param logfile: name of a file to use for logging purposes
@type logfile: String
@param path_lookup: If the binary is not fully specified then look for it in PATH
@type path_lookup: Boolean
@param pre_exec: A function to be called with no arguments just prior to the exec call.
@type pre_exec: callable
logfile requires stdout and stderr to be assigned to this process (ie not pointed
somewhere else.)
# mycommand is either a str or a list
if isinstance(mycommand, str):
mycommand = mycommand.split()
# If an absolute path to an executable file isn't given
# search for it unless we've been told not to.
binary = mycommand[0]
if (not os.path.isabs(binary) or not os.path.isfile(binary)
or not os.access(binary, os.X_OK)):
binary = path_lookup and find_binary(binary) or None
if not binary:
raise CommandNotFound(mycommand[0])
# If we haven't been told what file descriptors to use
# default to propogating our stdin, stdout and stderr.
if fd_pipes is None:
fd_pipes = {
# mypids will hold the pids of all processes created.
mypids = []
if logfile:
# Using a log file requires that stdout and stderr
# are assigned to the process we're running.
if 1 not in fd_pipes or 2 not in fd_pipes:
raise ValueError(fd_pipes)
# Create a pipe
(pr, pw) = os.pipe()
# Create a tee process, giving it our stdout and stderr
# as well as the read end of the pipe.
mypids.extend(spawn(('tee', '-i', '-a', logfile),
returnpid=True, fd_pipes={0:pr,
1:fd_pipes[1], 2:fd_pipes[2]}))
# We don't need the read end of the pipe, so close it.
# Assign the write end of the pipe to our stdout and stderr.
fd_pipes[1] = pw
fd_pipes[2] = pw
pid = os.fork()
if not pid:
_exec(binary, mycommand, opt_name, fd_pipes,
env, gid, groups, uid, umask, pre_exec)
except Exception, e:
# We need to catch _any_ exception so that it doesn't
# propogate out of this function and cause exiting
# with anything other than os._exit()
sys.stderr.write("%s:\n %s\n" % (e, " ".join(mycommand)))
# Add the pid to our local and the global pid lists.
# If we started a tee process the write side of the pipe is no
# longer needed, so close it.
if logfile:
# If the caller wants to handle cleaning up the processes, we tell
# it about all processes that were created.
if returnpid:
return mypids
# Otherwise we clean them up.
while mypids:
# Pull the last reader in the pipe chain. If all processes
# in the pipe are well behaved, it will die when the process
# it is reading from dies.
pid = mypids.pop(0)
# and wait for it.
retval = os.waitpid(pid, 0)[1]
# When it's done, we can remove it from the
# global pid list as well.
if retval:
# If it failed, kill off anything else that
# isn't dead yet.
for pid in mypids:
if os.waitpid(pid, os.WNOHANG) == (0,0):
os.kill(pid, signal.SIGTERM)
os.waitpid(pid, 0)
# If it got a signal, return the signal that was sent.
if (retval & 0xff):
return ((retval & 0xff) << 8)
# Otherwise, return its exit code.
return (retval >> 8)
# Everything succeeded
return 0
def _exec(binary, mycommand, opt_name, fd_pipes, env, gid, groups, uid, umask,
Execute a given binary with options
@param binary: Name of program to execute
@type binary: String
@param mycommand: Options for program
@type mycommand: String
@param opt_name: Name of process (defaults to binary)
@type opt_name: String
@param fd_pipes: Mapping pipes to destination; { 0:0, 1:1, 2:2 }
@type fd_pipes: Dictionary
@param env: Key,Value mapping for Environmental Variables
@type env: Dictionary
@param gid: Group ID to run the process under
@type gid: Integer
@param groups: Groups the Process should be in.
@type groups: Integer
@param uid: User ID to run the process under
@type uid: Integer
@param umask: an int representing a unix umask (see man chmod for umask details)
@type umask: Integer
@param pre_exec: A function to be called with no arguments just prior to the exec call.
@type pre_exec: callable
@rtype: None
@returns: Never returns (calls os.execve)
# If the process we're creating hasn't been given a name
# assign it the name of the executable.
if not opt_name:
opt_name = os.path.basename(binary)
# Set up the command's argument list.
myargs = [opt_name]
# Set up the command's pipes.
my_fds = {}
# To protect from cases where direct assignment could
# clobber needed fds ({1:2, 2:1}) we first dupe the fds
# into unused fds.
for fd in fd_pipes:
my_fds[fd] = os.dup(fd_pipes[fd])
# Then assign them to what they should be.
for fd in my_fds:
os.dup2(my_fds[fd], fd)
# Then close _all_ fds that haven't been explictly
# requested to be kept open.
for fd in get_open_fds():
if fd not in my_fds:
except OSError:
# Set requested process permissions.
if gid:
if groups:
if uid:
if umask:
if pre_exec:
# And switch to the new process.
os.execve(binary, myargs, env)
def find_binary(binary):
Given a binary name, find the binary in PATH
@param binary: Name of the binary to find
@type string
@rtype: None or string
@returns: full path to binary or None if the binary could not be located.
for path in os.getenv("PATH", "").split(":"):
filename = "%s/%s" % (path, binary)
if os.access(filename, os.X_OK) and os.path.isfile(filename):
return filename
return None