blob: b4ac6a0e8fd38e168f577c4d1e58d8922241eaaa [file] [log] [blame]
# Copyright (c) 2011 The Chromium OS Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
import logging
import os
import re
import shutil
from autotest_lib.client.common_lib import utils as client_utils
from autotest_lib.client.common_lib.cros import dev_server
from autotest_lib.client.common_lib.cros import retry
from autotest_lib.client.cros import constants
from autotest_lib.server.cros.dynamic_suite.constants import JOB_BUILD_KEY
from autotest_lib.server.crashcollect import collect_log_file
from autotest_lib.server import utils
from chromite.lib import metrics
except ImportError:
metrics = client_utils.metrics_mock
def generate_minidump_stacktrace(minidump_path):
Generates a stacktrace for the specified minidump.
This function expects the debug symbols to reside under:
@param minidump_path: absolute path to minidump to by symbolicated.
@raise client_utils.error.CmdError if minidump_stackwalk return code != 0.
symbol_dir = '%s/../../../lib/debug' % utils.get_server_dir()'symbol_dir: %s', symbol_dir)'minidump_stackwalk "%s" "%s" > "%s.txt"' %
(minidump_path, symbol_dir, minidump_path))
def _resolve_crashserver():
Attempts to find a devserver / crashserver that has capacity to
symbolicate a crashdump.
@raises DevServerException if no server with capacity could be found.
@returns Hostname of resolved server, if found.
crashserver_name = dev_server.get_least_loaded_devserver(
if not crashserver_name:
raise dev_server.DevServerException(
'No crash server has the capacity to symbolicate the dump.')
).increment(fields={'crash_server': crashserver_name})
return crashserver_name
def _symbolicate_minidump_with_devserver(minidump_path, resultdir,
Generates a stack trace for the specified minidump by consulting devserver.
This function assumes the debug symbols have been staged on the devserver.
@param minidump_path: absolute path to minidump to by symbolicated.
@param resultdir: server job's result directory.
@param crashserver_name: Name of crashserver to attempt to symbolicate with.
@raise DevServerException upon failure, HTTP or otherwise.
# First, look up what build we tested. If we can't find this, we can't
# get the right debug symbols, so we might as well give up right now.
keyvals = client_utils.read_keyval(resultdir)
if JOB_BUILD_KEY not in keyvals:
raise dev_server.DevServerException(
'Cannot determine build being tested.')
devserver = dev_server.CrashServer(crashserver_name)
with metrics.SecondsTimer(
fields={'crash_server': crashserver_name}):
trace_text = devserver.symbolicate_dump(minidump_path,
if not trace_text:
raise dev_server.DevServerException('Unknown error!!')
with open(minidump_path + '.txt', 'w') as trace_file:
def generate_stacktrace_for_file(minidump, host_resultdir):
Tries to generate a stack trace for the file located at |minidump|.
@param minidump: path to minidump file to generate the stacktrace for.
@param host_resultdir: server job's result directory.
# First, try to symbolicate locally.
try:'Trying to generate stack trace locally for %s', minidump)
generate_minidump_stacktrace(minidump)'Generated stack trace for dump %s', minidump)
except client_utils.error.CmdError as err:'Failed to generate stack trace locally for '
'dump %s (rc=%d):\n%r',
minidump, err.result_obj.exit_status, err)
# If that did not succeed, try to symbolicate using the dev server.
try:'Generating stack trace using devserver for %s', minidump)
crashserver_name = _resolve_crashserver()
args = (minidump, host_resultdir, crashserver_name)
is_timeout, _ = retry.timeout(_symbolicate_minidump_with_devserver,
if is_timeout:'Generating stack trace timed out for dump %s',
).increment(fields={'crash_server': crashserver_name})
else:'Generated stack trace for dump %s', minidump)
except dev_server.DevServerException as e:'Failed to generate stack trace on devserver for dump '
'%s:\n%r', minidump, e)
# Symbolicating failed.
logging.warning('Failed to generate stack trace for %s (see info logs)',
def find_and_generate_minidump_stacktraces(host_resultdir):
Finds all minidump files and generates a stack trace for each.
Enumerates all files under the test results directory (recursively)
and generates a stack trace file for the minidumps. Minidump files are
identified as files with .dmp extension. The stack trace filename is
composed by appending the .txt extension to the minidump filename.
@param host_resultdir: Directory to walk looking for dmp files.
@returns The list of all found minidump files. Each dump may or may not have
been symbolized.
minidumps = []
for file in _find_crashdumps(host_resultdir):
generate_stacktrace_for_file(file, host_resultdir)
return minidumps
def _find_crashdumps(host_resultdir):
"""Find crashdumps.
@param host_resultdir The result directory for this host for this test run.
for dir, subdirs, files in os.walk(host_resultdir):
for file in files:
if file.endswith('.dmp'):
yield os.path.join(dir, file)
def _find_orphaned_crashdumps(host):
"""Return file paths of crashdumps on host.
@param host A host object of the device.
return host.list_files_glob(os.path.join(constants.CRASH_DIR, '*'))
def report_crashdumps(host):
"""Report on crashdumps for host.
This is run when no tests failed. We don't process crashdumps in this
case because of devserver load, but they should still be reported.
@param host A host object of the device we're to pull crashes from.
for crashfile in _find_orphaned_crashdumps(host):
logging.warning('Host crashdump exists: %s', crashfile)
host.job.record('INFO', None, None,
'Host crashdump exists: %s' % (crashfile,))
host_resultdir = _get_host_resultdir(host)
for crashfile in _find_crashdumps(host_resultdir):
logging.warning('Local crashdump exists: %s', crashfile)
host.job.record('INFO', None, None,
'Local crashdump exists: %s' % (crashfile,))
def fetch_orphaned_crashdumps(host, infodir):
Copy all of the crashes in the crash directory over to the results folder.
@param host A host object of the device we're to pull crashes from.
@param infodir The directory to fetch crashdumps into.
@return The list of minidumps that we pulled back from the host.
if not os.path.exists(infodir):
orphans = []
if not host.check_cached_up_status():
logging.warning('Host %s did not answer to ping, skip fetching '
'orphaned crashdumps.', host.hostname)
return orphans
for file in _find_orphaned_crashdumps(host):'Collecting %s...', file)
collect_log_file(host, file, infodir, clean=True)
except Exception as e:
logging.warning('Collection of orphaned crash dumps failed %s', e)
# Delete infodir if we have no orphans
if not orphans:'There are no orphaned crashes; deleting %s', infodir)
return orphans
def _copy_to_debug_dir(host_resultdir, filename):
Copies a file to the debug dir under host_resultdir.
@param host_resultdir The result directory for this host for this test run.
@param filename The full path of the file to copy to the debug folder.
debugdir = os.path.join(host_resultdir, 'debug')
src = filename
dst = os.path.join(debugdir, os.path.basename(filename))
shutil.copyfile(src, dst)'Copied %s to %s', src, dst)
except IOError:
logging.warning('Failed to copy %s to %s', src, dst)
def _get_host_resultdir(host):
"""Get resultdir for host.
@param host A host object of the device we're to pull crashes from.
return getattr(getattr(host, 'job', None), 'resultdir', None)
def get_host_infodir(host):
"""Get infodir for host.
@param host A host object of the device we're to pull crashes from.
host_resultdir = _get_host_resultdir(host)
return os.path.join(host_resultdir, 'crashinfo.%s' % host.hostname)
def get_site_crashdumps(host, test_start_time):
Copy all of the crashdumps from a host to the results directory.
@param host The host object from which to pull crashes
@param test_start_time When the test we just ran started.
@return A list of all the minidumps
host_resultdir = _get_host_resultdir(host)
infodir = get_host_infodir(host)
orphans = fetch_orphaned_crashdumps(host, infodir)
minidumps = find_and_generate_minidump_stacktraces(host_resultdir)
# Record all crashdumps in status.log of the job:
# - If one server job runs several client jobs we will only record
# crashdumps in the status.log of the high level server job.
# - We will record these crashdumps whether or not we successfully
# symbolicate them.
if host.job and minidumps or orphans:
host.job.record('INFO', None, None, 'Start crashcollection record')
for minidump in minidumps:
host.job.record('INFO', None, 'New Crash Dump', minidump)
for orphan in orphans:
host.job.record('INFO', None, 'Orphaned Crash Dump', orphan)
host.job.record('INFO', None, None, 'End crashcollection record')
for minidump in orphans:
report_bug_from_crash(host, minidump)
# We copy Chrome crash information to the debug dir to assist debugging.
# Since orphans occurred on a previous run, they are most likely not
# relevant to the current failure, so we don't copy them.
for minidump in minidumps:
minidump_no_ext = os.path.splitext(minidump)[0]
_copy_to_debug_dir(host_resultdir, minidump_no_ext + '.dmp.txt')
_copy_to_debug_dir(host_resultdir, minidump_no_ext + '.log')
return orphans
def find_package_of(host, exec_name):
Find the package that an executable came from.
@param host A host object that has the executable.
@param exec_name Name of or path to executable.
@return The name of the package that installed the executable.
# Run "portageq owners" on "host" to determine which package owns
# "exec_name." Portageq queue output consists of package names followed
# tab-prefixed path names. For example, owners of "python:"
# sys-devel/gdb-7.7.1-r2
# /usr/share/gdb/python
# chromeos-base/dev-install-0.0.1-r711
# /usr/bin/python
# dev-lang/python-2.7.3-r7
# /etc/env.d/python
# This gets piped into "xargs stat" to annotate each line with
# information about the path, so we later can consider only packages
# with executable files. After annotation the above looks like:
# stat: cannot stat '@@@ sys-devel/gdb-7.7.1-r2 @@@': ...
# stat: cannot stat '/usr/share/gdb/python': ...
# stat: cannot stat '@@@ chromeos-base/dev-install-0.0.1-r711 @@@': ...
# 755 -rwxr-xr-x /usr/bin/python
# stat: cannot stat '@@@ dev-lang/python-2.7.3-r7 @@@': ...
# 755 drwxr-xr-x /etc/env.d/python
# Package names are surrounded by "@@@" to facilitate parsing. Lines
# starting with an octal number were successfully annotated, because
# the path existed on "host."
# The above is then parsed to find packages which contain executable files
# (not directories), in this case "chromeos-base/dev-install-0.0.1-r711."
# TODO(milleral): portageq can show scary looking error messages
# in the debug logs via stderr. We only look at stdout, so those
# get filtered, but it would be good to silence them.
cmd = ('portageq owners / ' + exec_name +
r'| sed -e "s/^[^\t].*/@@@ & @@@/" -e "s/^\t//"'
r'| tr \\n \\0'
' | xargs -0 -r stat -L -c "%a %A %n" 2>&1')
portageq =, ignore_status=True)
# Parse into a set of names of packages containing an executable file.
packages = set()
pkg = ''
pkg_re = re.compile('@@@ (.*) @@@')
path_re = re.compile('^([0-7]{3,}) (.)')
for line in portageq.stdout.splitlines():
match =
if match:
pkg =
match = path_re.match(line)
if match:
isexec = int(, 8) & 0o111
isfile = == '-'
if pkg and isexec and isfile:
# If exactly one package found it must be the one we want, return it.
if len(packages) == 1:
return packages.pop()
# TODO(milleral): Decide if it really is an error if not exactly one
# package is found.
# It is highly questionable as to if this should be left in the
# production version of this code or not.
if len(packages) == 0:
logging.warning('find_package_of() found no packages for "%s"',
logging.warning('find_package_of() found multiple packages for "%s": '
'%s', exec_name, ', '.join(packages))
return ''
def report_bug_from_crash(host, minidump_path):
Given a host to query and a minidump, file a bug about the crash.
@param host A host object that is where the dump came from
@param minidump_path The path to the dump file that should be reported.
# TODO(milleral): Once this has actually been tested, remove the
# try/except. In the meantime, let's make sure nothing dies because of
# the fact that this code isn't very heavily tested.
meta_path = os.path.splitext(minidump_path)[0] + '.meta'
with open(meta_path, 'r') as f:
for line in f.readlines():
parts = line.split('=')
if parts[0] == 'exec_name':
package = find_package_of(host, parts[1].strip())
if not package:
package = '<unknown package>''Would report crash on %s.', package)
except Exception as e:
logging.warning('Crash detection failed with: %s', e)