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# Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium OS Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
# Expects to be run in an environment with sudo and no interactive password
# prompt, such as within the Chromium OS development chroot.
import os
import logging, re, time, xmlrpclib
from autotest_lib.client.common_lib import error
from autotest_lib.server.cros.servo import firmware_programmer
class _PowerStateController(object):
"""Class to provide board-specific power operations.
This class is responsible for "power on" and "power off"
operations that can operate without making assumptions in
advance about board state. It offers an interface that
abstracts out the different sequences required for different
board types.
# Constants acceptable to be passed for the `rec_mode` parameter
# to power_on().
# REC_ON: Boot the DUT in recovery mode, i.e. boot from USB or
# SD card.
# REC_OFF: Boot in normal mode, i.e. boot from internal storage.
REC_ON = 'rec'
REC_OFF = 'on'
# Delay in seconds needed between asserting and de-asserting
# warm reset.
def __init__(self, servo):
"""Initialize the power state control.
@param servo Servo object providing the underlying `set` and `get`
methods for the target controls.
self._servo = servo
def reset(self):
"""Force the DUT to reset.
The DUT is guaranteed to be on at the end of this call,
regardless of its previous state, provided that there is
working OS software. This also guarantees that the EC has
been restarted.
self._servo.set_nocheck('power_state', 'reset')
def warm_reset(self):
"""Apply warm reset to the DUT.
This asserts, then de-asserts the 'warm_reset' signal.
Generally, this causes the board to restart.
'sleep:%.4f' % self._RESET_HOLD_TIME,
def power_off(self):
"""Force the DUT to power off.
The DUT is guaranteed to be off at the end of this call,
regardless of its previous state, provided that there is
working EC and boot firmware. There is no requirement for
working OS software.
self._servo.set_nocheck('power_state', 'off')
def power_on(self, rec_mode=REC_OFF):
"""Force the DUT to power on.
Prior to calling this function, the DUT must be powered off,
e.g. with a call to `power_off()`.
At power on, recovery mode is set as specified by the
corresponding argument. When booting with recovery mode on, it
is the caller's responsibility to unplug/plug in a bootable
external storage device.
If the DUT requires a delay after powering on but before
processing inputs such as USB stick insertion, the delay is
handled by this method; the caller is not responsible for such
@param rec_mode Setting of recovery mode to be applied at
power on. default: REC_OFF aka 'off'
self._servo.set_nocheck('power_state', rec_mode)
class Servo(object):
"""Manages control of a Servo board.
Servo is a board developed by hardware group to aide in the debug and
control of various partner devices. Servo's features include the simulation
of pressing the power button, closing the lid, and pressing Ctrl-d. This
class manages setting up and communicating with a servo demon (servod)
process. It provides both high-level functions for common servo tasks and
low-level functions for directly setting and reading gpios.
# Power button press delays in seconds.
# The EC specification says that 8.0 seconds should be enough
# for the long power press. However, some platforms need a bit
# more time. Empirical testing has found these requirements:
# Alex: 8.2 seconds
# ZGB: 8.5 seconds
# The actual value is set to the largest known necessary value.
# TODO(jrbarnette) Being generous is the right thing to do for
# existing platforms, but if this code is to be used for
# qualification of new hardware, we should be less generous.
# Maximum number of times to re-read power button on release.
# Delays to deal with DUT state transitions.
# Default minimum time interval between 'press' and 'release'
# keyboard events.
# Time between an usb disk plugged-in and detected in the system.
# Time to keep USB power off before and after USB mux direction is changed
# Time to wait before timing out on servo initialization.
def __init__(self, servo_host, servo_serial=None):
"""Sets up the servo communication infrastructure.
@param servo_host: A ServoHost object representing
the host running servod.
@param servo_serial: Serial number of the servo board.
# TODO(fdeng):
# We should move servo_host object out of servo object
# to minimize the dependencies on the rest of Autotest.
self._servo_host = servo_host
self._servo_serial = servo_serial
self._server = servo_host.get_servod_server_proxy()
self._power_state = _PowerStateController(self)
self._usb_state = None
self._programmer = None
def servo_serial(self):
"""Returns the serial number of the servo board."""
return self._servo_serial
def get_power_state_controller(self):
"""Return the power state controller for this Servo.
The power state controller provides board-independent
interfaces for reset, power-on, power-off operations.
return self._power_state
def initialize_dut(self, cold_reset=False):
"""Initializes a dut for testing purposes.
This sets various servo signals back to default values
appropriate for the target board. By default, if the DUT
is already on, it stays on. If the DUT is powered off
before initialization, its state afterward is unspecified.
Rationale: Basic initialization of servo sets the lid open,
when there is a lid. This operation won't affect powered on
units; however, setting the lid open may power on a unit
that's off, depending on the board type and previous state
of the device.
If `cold_reset` is a true value, the DUT and its EC will be
reset, and the DUT rebooted in normal mode.
@param cold_reset If True, cold reset the device after
self.set('dut_hub_pwren', 'on')
self.set('usb_mux_oe1', 'on')
if cold_reset:
logging.debug('Servo initialized, version is %s',
def is_localhost(self):
"""Is the servod hosted locally?
True if local hosted; otherwise, False.
return self._servo_host.is_localhost()
def power_long_press(self):
"""Simulate a long power button press."""
# After a long power press, the EC may ignore the next power
# button press (at least on Alex). To guarantee that this
# won't happen, we need to allow the EC one second to
# collect itself.
def power_normal_press(self):
"""Simulate a normal power button press."""
def power_short_press(self):
"""Simulate a short power button press."""
def power_key(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate a power button press.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def lid_open(self):
"""Simulate opening the lid."""
self.set_nocheck('lid_open', 'yes')
def lid_close(self):
"""Simulate closing the lid.
Waits 6 seconds to ensure the device is fully asleep before returning.
self.set_nocheck('lid_open', 'no')
def ctrl_d(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate Ctrl-d simultaneous button presses.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def ctrl_u(self):
"""Simulate Ctrl-u simultaneous button presses.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def ctrl_enter(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate Ctrl-enter simultaneous button presses.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def d_key(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate Enter key button press.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def ctrl_key(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate Enter key button press.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def enter_key(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate Enter key button press.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def refresh_key(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate Refresh key (F3) button press.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def ctrl_refresh_key(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate Ctrl and Refresh (F3) simultaneous press.
This key combination is an alternative of Space key.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def imaginary_key(self, press_secs=''):
"""Simulate imaginary key button press.
Maps to a key that doesn't physically exist.
@param press_secs : Str. Time to press key.
def enable_recovery_mode(self):
"""Enable recovery mode on device."""
self.set('rec_mode', 'on')
def custom_recovery_mode(self):
"""Custom key combination to enter recovery mode."""
self.set_nocheck('kbd_en', 'off')
def disable_recovery_mode(self):
"""Disable recovery mode on device."""
self.set('rec_mode', 'off')
def enable_development_mode(self):
"""Enable development mode on device."""
self.set('dev_mode', 'on')
def disable_development_mode(self):
"""Disable development mode on device."""
self.set('dev_mode', 'off')
def boot_devmode(self):
"""Boot a dev-mode device that is powered off."""
def pass_devmode(self):
"""Pass through boot screens in dev-mode."""
def get_board(self):
"""Get the board connected to servod.
return self._server.get_board()
def _get_xmlrpclib_exception(self, xmlexc):
"""Get meaningful exception string from xmlrpc.
xmlexc: xmlrpclib.Fault object
xmlrpclib.Fault.faultString has the following format:
<type 'exception type'>:'actual error message'
Parse and return the real exception from the servod side instead of the
less meaningful one like,
<Fault 1: "<type 'exceptions.AttributeError'>:'tca6416' object has no
attribute 'hw_driver'">
string of underlying exception raised in servod.
return re.sub('^.*>:', '', xmlexc.faultString)
def get(self, gpio_name):
"""Get the value of a gpio from Servod."""
assert gpio_name
return self._server.get(gpio_name)
except xmlrpclib.Fault as e:
err_msg = "Getting '%s' :: %s" % \
(gpio_name, self._get_xmlrpclib_exception(e))
raise error.TestFail(err_msg)
def set(self, gpio_name, gpio_value):
"""Set and check the value of a gpio using Servod."""
self.set_nocheck(gpio_name, gpio_value)
retry_count = Servo.GET_RETRY_MAX
while gpio_value != self.get(gpio_name) and retry_count:
logging.warning("%s != %s, retry %d", gpio_name, gpio_value,
retry_count -= 1
if not retry_count:
assert gpio_value == self.get(gpio_name), \
'Servo failed to set %s to %s' % (gpio_name, gpio_value)
def set_nocheck(self, gpio_name, gpio_value):
"""Set the value of a gpio using Servod."""
assert gpio_name and gpio_value'Setting %s to %s', gpio_name, gpio_value)
self._server.set(gpio_name, gpio_value)
except xmlrpclib.Fault as e:
err_msg = "Setting '%s' to '%s' :: %s" % \
(gpio_name, gpio_value, self._get_xmlrpclib_exception(e))
raise error.TestFail(err_msg)
def set_get_all(self, controls):
"""Set &| get one or more control values.
@param controls: list of strings, controls to set &| get.
@raise: error.TestError in case error occurs setting/getting values.
rv = []
try:'Set/get all: %s', str(controls))
rv = self._server.set_get_all(controls)
except xmlrpclib.Fault as e:
# TODO(waihong): Remove the following backward compatibility when
# the new versions of hdctools are deployed.
if 'not supported' in str(e):
logging.warning('The servod is too old that set_get_all '
'not supported. Use set and get instead.')
for control in controls:
if ':' in control:
(name, value) = control.split(':')
if name == 'sleep':
self.set_nocheck(name, value)
err_msg = "Problem with '%s' :: %s" % \
(controls, self._get_xmlrpclib_exception(e))
raise error.TestFail(err_msg)
return rv
# TODO(waihong) It may fail if multiple servo's are connected to the same
# host. Should look for a better way, like the USB serial name, to identify
# the USB device.
# TODO(sbasi) Remove this code from autoserv once firmware tests have been
# updated.
def probe_host_usb_dev(self):
"""Probe the USB disk device plugged-in the servo from the host side.
It tries to switch the USB mux to make the host unable to see the
USB disk and compares the result difference.
A string of USB disk path, like '/dev/sdb', or None if not existed.
cmd = 'ls /dev/sd[a-z]'
original_value = self.get_usbkey_direction()
# Make the host unable to see the USB disk.
no_usb_set = set(self.system_output(cmd, ignore_status=True).split())
# Make the host able to see the USB disk.
has_usb_set = set(self.system_output(cmd, ignore_status=True).split())
# Back to its original value.
if original_value != self.get_usbkey_direction():
diff_set = has_usb_set - no_usb_set
if len(diff_set) == 1:
return diff_set.pop()
return None
def image_to_servo_usb(self, image_path=None,
"""Install an image to the USB key plugged into the servo.
This method may copy any image to the servo USB key including a
recovery image or a test image. These images are frequently used
for test purposes such as restoring a corrupted image or conducting
an upgrade of ec/fw/kernel as part of a test of a specific image part.
image_path: Path on the host to the recovery image.
make_image_noninteractive: Make the recovery image noninteractive,
therefore the DUT will reboot
automatically after installation.
# We're about to start plugging/unplugging the USB key. We
# don't know the state of the DUT, or what it might choose
# to do to the device after hotplug. To avoid surprises,
# force the DUT to be off.
# Set up Servo's usb mux.
if image_path:'Searching for usb device and copying image to it. '
'Please wait a few minutes...')
if not self._server.download_image_to_usb(image_path):
logging.error('Failed to transfer requested image to USB. '
'Please take a look at Servo Logs.')
raise error.AutotestError('Download image to usb failed.')
if make_image_noninteractive:'Making image noninteractive')
if not self._server.make_image_noninteractive():
logging.error('Failed to make image noninteractive. '
'Please take a look at Servo Logs.')
def install_recovery_image(self, image_path=None,
"""Install the recovery image specied by the path onto the DUT.
This method uses google recovery mode to install a recovery image
onto a DUT through the use of a USB stick that is mounted on a servo
board specified by the usb_dev. If no image path is specified
we use the recovery image already on the usb image.
image_path: Path on the host to the recovery image.
make_image_noninteractive: Make the recovery image noninteractive,
therefore the DUT will reboot
automatically after installation.
self.image_to_servo_usb(image_path, make_image_noninteractive)
def _scp_image(self, image_path):
"""Copy image to the servo host.
When programming a firmware image on the DUT, the image must be
located on the host to which the servo device is connected. Sometimes
servo is controlled by a remote host, in this case the image needs to
be transferred to the remote host.
@param image_path: a string, name of the firmware image file to be
@return: a string, full path name of the copied file on the remote.
dest_path = os.path.join('/tmp', os.path.basename(image_path))
self._servo_host.send_file(image_path, dest_path)
return dest_path
def system(self, command, timeout=None):
"""Execute the passed in command on the servod host."""'Will execute on servo host: %s', command), timeout=timeout)
def system_output(self, command, timeout=None,
ignore_status=False, args=()):
"""Execute the passed in command on the servod host, return stdout.
@param command, a string, the command to execute
@param timeout, an int, max number of seconds to wait til command
execution completes
@ignore_status, a Boolean, if true - ignore command's nonzero exit
status, otherwise an exception will be thrown
@param args, a tuple of strings, each becoming a separate command line
parameter for the command
@return: command's stdout as a string.
"""'Will execute and collect output on servo host: %s %s',
command, ' '.join("'%s'" % x for x in args))
return, timeout=timeout,
def _initialize_programmer(self):
if self._programmer:
# Initialize firmware programmer
servo_version = self._server.get_version()
if servo_version.startswith('servo_v2'):
self._programmer = firmware_programmer.ProgrammerV2(self)
raise error.TestError(
'No firmware programmer for servo version: %s' %
def program_bios(self, image):
"""Program bios on DUT with given image.
@param image: a string, file name of the BIOS image to program
on the DUT.
if not self.is_localhost():
image = self._scp_image(image)
def program_ec(self, image):
"""Program ec on DUT with given image.
@param image: a string, file name of the EC image to program
on the DUT.
if not self.is_localhost():
image = self._scp_image(image)
def _switch_usbkey_power(self, power_state, detection_delay=False):
"""Switch usbkey power.
This function switches usbkey power by setting the value of
'prtctl4_pwren'. If the power is already in the
requested state, this function simply returns.
@param power_state: A string, 'on' or 'off'.
@param detection_delay: A boolean value, if True, sleep
for |USB_DETECTION_DELAY| after switching
the power on.
self.set('prtctl4_pwren', power_state)
if power_state == 'off':
elif detection_delay:
def switch_usbkey(self, usb_state):
"""Connect USB flash stick to either host or DUT, or turn USB port off.
This function switches the servo multiplexer to provide electrical
connection between the USB port J3 and either host or DUT side. It
can also be used to turn the USB port off.
Switching to 'dut' or 'host' is accompanied by powercycling
of the USB stick, because it sometimes gets wedged if the mux
is switched while the stick power is on.
@param usb_state: A string, one of 'dut', 'host', or 'off'.
'dut' and 'host' indicate which side the
USB flash device is required to be connected to.
'off' indicates turning the USB port off.
@raise: error.TestError in case the parameter is not 'dut'
'host', or 'off'.
if self.get_usbkey_direction() == usb_state:
if usb_state == 'off':
self._usb_state = usb_state
elif usb_state == 'host':
mux_direction = 'servo_sees_usbkey'
elif usb_state == 'dut':
mux_direction = 'dut_sees_usbkey'
raise error.TestError('Unknown USB state request: %s' % usb_state)
self.set('usb_mux_sel1', mux_direction)
self._switch_usbkey_power('on', usb_state == 'host')
self._usb_state = usb_state
def get_usbkey_direction(self):
"""Get which side USB is connected to or 'off' if usb power is off.
@return: A string, one of 'dut', 'host', or 'off'.
if not self._usb_state:
if self.get('prtctl4_pwren') == 'off':
self._usb_state = 'off'
elif self.get('usb_mux_sel1').startswith('dut'):
self._usb_state = 'dut'
self._usb_state = 'host'
return self._usb_state