blob: 4e6a44bc654ceac3bd1e19ca0f98c8f099bf24e9 [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
* namei.c - NTFS kernel directory inode operations. Part of the Linux-NTFS
* project.
* Copyright (c) 2001-2006 Anton Altaparmakov
#include <linux/dcache.h>
#include <linux/exportfs.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include "attrib.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "mft.h"
#include "ntfs.h"
* ntfs_lookup - find the inode represented by a dentry in a directory inode
* @dir_ino: directory inode in which to look for the inode
* @dent: dentry representing the inode to look for
* @flags: lookup flags
* In short, ntfs_lookup() looks for the inode represented by the dentry @dent
* in the directory inode @dir_ino and if found attaches the inode to the
* dentry @dent.
* In more detail, the dentry @dent specifies which inode to look for by
* supplying the name of the inode in @dent-> ntfs_lookup()
* converts the name to Unicode and walks the contents of the directory inode
* @dir_ino looking for the converted Unicode name. If the name is found in the
* directory, the corresponding inode is loaded by calling ntfs_iget() on its
* inode number and the inode is associated with the dentry @dent via a call to
* d_splice_alias().
* If the name is not found in the directory, a NULL inode is inserted into the
* dentry @dent via a call to d_add(). The dentry is then termed a negative
* dentry.
* Only if an actual error occurs, do we return an error via ERR_PTR().
* In order to handle the case insensitivity issues of NTFS with regards to the
* dcache and the dcache requiring only one dentry per directory, we deal with
* dentry aliases that only differ in case in ->ntfs_lookup() while maintaining
* a case sensitive dcache. This means that we get the full benefit of dcache
* speed when the file/directory is looked up with the same case as returned by
* ->ntfs_readdir() but that a lookup for any other case (or for the short file
* name) will not find anything in dcache and will enter ->ntfs_lookup()
* instead, where we search the directory for a fully matching file name
* (including case) and if that is not found, we search for a file name that
* matches with different case and if that has non-POSIX semantics we return
* that. We actually do only one search (case sensitive) and keep tabs on
* whether we have found a case insensitive match in the process.
* To simplify matters for us, we do not treat the short vs long filenames as
* two hard links but instead if the lookup matches a short filename, we
* return the dentry for the corresponding long filename instead.
* There are three cases we need to distinguish here:
* 1) @dent perfectly matches (i.e. including case) a directory entry with a
* file name in the WIN32 or POSIX namespaces. In this case
* ntfs_lookup_inode_by_name() will return with name set to NULL and we
* just d_splice_alias() @dent.
* 2) @dent matches (not including case) a directory entry with a file name in
* the WIN32 namespace. In this case ntfs_lookup_inode_by_name() will return
* with name set to point to a kmalloc()ed ntfs_name structure containing
* the properly cased little endian Unicode name. We convert the name to the
* current NLS code page, search if a dentry with this name already exists
* and if so return that instead of @dent. At this point things are
* complicated by the possibility of 'disconnected' dentries due to NFS
* which we deal with appropriately (see the code comments). The VFS will
* then destroy the old @dent and use the one we returned. If a dentry is
* not found, we allocate a new one, d_splice_alias() it, and return it as
* above.
* 3) @dent matches either perfectly or not (i.e. we don't care about case) a
* directory entry with a file name in the DOS namespace. In this case
* ntfs_lookup_inode_by_name() will return with name set to point to a
* kmalloc()ed ntfs_name structure containing the mft reference (cpu endian)
* of the inode. We use the mft reference to read the inode and to find the
* file name in the WIN32 namespace corresponding to the matched short file
* name. We then convert the name to the current NLS code page, and proceed
* searching for a dentry with this name, etc, as in case 2), above.
* Locking: Caller must hold i_mutex on the directory.
static struct dentry *ntfs_lookup(struct inode *dir_ino, struct dentry *dent,
unsigned int flags)
ntfs_volume *vol = NTFS_SB(dir_ino->i_sb);
struct inode *dent_inode;
ntfschar *uname;
ntfs_name *name = NULL;
MFT_REF mref;
unsigned long dent_ino;
int uname_len;
ntfs_debug("Looking up %pd in directory inode 0x%lx.",
dent, dir_ino->i_ino);
/* Convert the name of the dentry to Unicode. */
uname_len = ntfs_nlstoucs(vol, dent->, dent->d_name.len,
if (uname_len < 0) {
if (uname_len != -ENAMETOOLONG)
ntfs_error(vol->sb, "Failed to convert name to "
return ERR_PTR(uname_len);
mref = ntfs_lookup_inode_by_name(NTFS_I(dir_ino), uname, uname_len,
kmem_cache_free(ntfs_name_cache, uname);
if (!IS_ERR_MREF(mref)) {
dent_ino = MREF(mref);
ntfs_debug("Found inode 0x%lx. Calling ntfs_iget.", dent_ino);
dent_inode = ntfs_iget(vol->sb, dent_ino);
if (!IS_ERR(dent_inode)) {
/* Consistency check. */
if (is_bad_inode(dent_inode) || MSEQNO(mref) ==
NTFS_I(dent_inode)->seq_no ||
dent_ino == FILE_MFT) {
/* Perfect WIN32/POSIX match. -- Case 1. */
if (!name) {
ntfs_debug("Done. (Case 1.)");
return d_splice_alias(dent_inode, dent);
* We are too indented. Handle imperfect
* matches and short file names further below.
goto handle_name;
ntfs_error(vol->sb, "Found stale reference to inode "
"0x%lx (reference sequence number = "
"0x%x, inode sequence number = 0x%x), "
"returning -EIO. Run chkdsk.",
dent_ino, MSEQNO(mref),
dent_inode = ERR_PTR(-EIO);
} else
ntfs_error(vol->sb, "ntfs_iget(0x%lx) failed with "
"error code %li.", dent_ino,
/* Return the error code. */
return ERR_CAST(dent_inode);
/* It is guaranteed that @name is no longer allocated at this point. */
if (MREF_ERR(mref) == -ENOENT) {
ntfs_debug("Entry was not found, adding negative dentry.");
/* The dcache will handle negative entries. */
d_add(dent, NULL);
return NULL;
ntfs_error(vol->sb, "ntfs_lookup_ino_by_name() failed with error "
"code %i.", -MREF_ERR(mref));
return ERR_PTR(MREF_ERR(mref));
// TODO: Consider moving this lot to a separate function! (AIA)
ntfs_attr_search_ctx *ctx;
ntfs_inode *ni = NTFS_I(dent_inode);
int err;
struct qstr nls_name; = NULL;
if (name->type != FILE_NAME_DOS) { /* Case 2. */
ntfs_debug("Case 2.");
nls_name.len = (unsigned)ntfs_ucstonls(vol,
(ntfschar*)&name->name, name->len,
(unsigned char**)&, 0);
} else /* if (name->type == FILE_NAME_DOS) */ { /* Case 3. */
ntfs_debug("Case 3.");
/* Find the WIN32 name corresponding to the matched DOS name. */
ni = NTFS_I(dent_inode);
m = map_mft_record(ni);
if (IS_ERR(m)) {
err = PTR_ERR(m);
m = NULL;
ctx = NULL;
goto err_out;
ctx = ntfs_attr_get_search_ctx(ni, m);
if (unlikely(!ctx)) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto err_out;
do {
u32 val_len;
err = ntfs_attr_lookup(AT_FILE_NAME, NULL, 0, 0, 0,
NULL, 0, ctx);
if (unlikely(err)) {
ntfs_error(vol->sb, "Inode corrupt: No WIN32 "
"namespace counterpart to DOS "
"file name. Run chkdsk.");
if (err == -ENOENT)
err = -EIO;
goto err_out;
/* Consistency checks. */
a = ctx->attr;
if (a->non_resident || a->flags)
goto eio_err_out;
val_len = le32_to_cpu(a->data.resident.value_length);
if (le16_to_cpu(a->data.resident.value_offset) +
val_len > le32_to_cpu(a->length))
goto eio_err_out;
fn = (FILE_NAME_ATTR*)((u8*)ctx->attr + le16_to_cpu(
if ((u32)(fn->file_name_length * sizeof(ntfschar) +
sizeof(FILE_NAME_ATTR)) > val_len)
goto eio_err_out;
} while (fn->file_name_type != FILE_NAME_WIN32);
/* Convert the found WIN32 name to current NLS code page. */
nls_name.len = (unsigned)ntfs_ucstonls(vol,
(ntfschar*)&fn->file_name, fn->file_name_length,
(unsigned char**)&, 0);
m = NULL;
ctx = NULL;
/* Check if a conversion error occurred. */
if ((signed)nls_name.len < 0) {
err = (signed)nls_name.len;
goto err_out;
nls_name.hash = full_name_hash(dent,, nls_name.len);
dent = d_add_ci(dent, dent_inode, &nls_name);
return dent;
ntfs_error(vol->sb, "Illegal file name attribute. Run chkdsk.");
err = -EIO;
if (ctx)
if (m)
ntfs_error(vol->sb, "Failed, returning error code %i.", err);
return ERR_PTR(err);
* Inode operations for directories.
const struct inode_operations ntfs_dir_inode_ops = {
.lookup = ntfs_lookup, /* VFS: Lookup directory. */
* ntfs_get_parent - find the dentry of the parent of a given directory dentry
* @child_dent: dentry of the directory whose parent directory to find
* Find the dentry for the parent directory of the directory specified by the
* dentry @child_dent. This function is called from
* fs/exportfs/expfs.c::find_exported_dentry() which in turn is called from the
* default ->decode_fh() which is export_decode_fh() in the same file.
* The code is based on the ext3 ->get_parent() implementation found in
* fs/ext3/namei.c::ext3_get_parent().
* Note: ntfs_get_parent() is called with @d_inode(child_dent)->i_mutex down.
* Return the dentry of the parent directory on success or the error code on
* error (IS_ERR() is true).
static struct dentry *ntfs_get_parent(struct dentry *child_dent)
struct inode *vi = d_inode(child_dent);
ntfs_inode *ni = NTFS_I(vi);
ntfs_attr_search_ctx *ctx;
unsigned long parent_ino;
int err;
ntfs_debug("Entering for inode 0x%lx.", vi->i_ino);
/* Get the mft record of the inode belonging to the child dentry. */
mrec = map_mft_record(ni);
if (IS_ERR(mrec))
return ERR_CAST(mrec);
/* Find the first file name attribute in the mft record. */
ctx = ntfs_attr_get_search_ctx(ni, mrec);
if (unlikely(!ctx)) {
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
err = ntfs_attr_lookup(AT_FILE_NAME, NULL, 0, CASE_SENSITIVE, 0, NULL,
0, ctx);
if (unlikely(err)) {
if (err == -ENOENT)
ntfs_error(vi->i_sb, "Inode 0x%lx does not have a "
"file name attribute. Run chkdsk.",
return ERR_PTR(err);
attr = ctx->attr;
if (unlikely(attr->non_resident))
goto try_next;
fn = (FILE_NAME_ATTR *)((u8 *)attr +
if (unlikely((u8 *)fn + le32_to_cpu(attr->data.resident.value_length) >
(u8*)attr + le32_to_cpu(attr->length)))
goto try_next;
/* Get the inode number of the parent directory. */
parent_ino = MREF_LE(fn->parent_directory);
/* Release the search context and the mft record of the child. */
return d_obtain_alias(ntfs_iget(vi->i_sb, parent_ino));
static struct inode *ntfs_nfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
u64 ino, u32 generation)
struct inode *inode;
inode = ntfs_iget(sb, ino);
if (!IS_ERR(inode)) {
if (is_bad_inode(inode) || inode->i_generation != generation) {
inode = ERR_PTR(-ESTALE);
return inode;
static struct dentry *ntfs_fh_to_dentry(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid,
int fh_len, int fh_type)
return generic_fh_to_dentry(sb, fid, fh_len, fh_type,
static struct dentry *ntfs_fh_to_parent(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid,
int fh_len, int fh_type)
return generic_fh_to_parent(sb, fid, fh_len, fh_type,
* Export operations allowing NFS exporting of mounted NTFS partitions.
* We use the default ->encode_fh() for now. Note that they
* use 32 bits to store the inode number which is an unsigned long so on 64-bit
* architectures is usually 64 bits so it would all fail horribly on huge
* volumes. I guess we need to define our own encode and decode fh functions
* that store 64-bit inode numbers at some point but for now we will ignore the
* problem...
* We also use the default ->get_name() helper (used by ->decode_fh() via
* fs/exportfs/expfs.c::find_exported_dentry()) as that is completely fs
* independent.
* The default ->get_parent() just returns -EACCES so we have to provide our
* own and the default ->get_dentry() is incompatible with NTFS due to not
* allowing the inode number 0 which is used in NTFS for the system file $MFT
* and due to using iget() whereas NTFS needs ntfs_iget().
const struct export_operations ntfs_export_ops = {
.get_parent = ntfs_get_parent, /* Find the parent of a given
directory. */
.fh_to_dentry = ntfs_fh_to_dentry,
.fh_to_parent = ntfs_fh_to_parent,