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.. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
.. document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License,
.. Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software
.. Foundation, with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts
.. and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included at
.. Documentation/media/uapi/fdl-appendix.rst.
.. TODO: replace it to GFDL-1.1-or-later WITH no-invariant-sections
.. _radio:
Radio Interface
This interface is intended for AM and FM (analog) radio receivers and
Conventionally V4L2 radio devices are accessed through character device
special files named ``/dev/radio`` and ``/dev/radio0`` to
``/dev/radio63`` with major number 81 and minor numbers 64 to 127.
Querying Capabilities
Devices supporting the radio interface set the ``V4L2_CAP_RADIO`` and
``V4L2_CAP_TUNER`` or ``V4L2_CAP_MODULATOR`` flag in the
``capabilities`` field of struct
:c:type:`v4l2_capability` returned by the
:ref:`VIDIOC_QUERYCAP` ioctl. Other combinations of
capability flags are reserved for future extensions.
Supplemental Functions
Radio devices can support :ref:`controls <control>`, and must support
the :ref:`tuner or modulator <tuner>` ioctls.
They do not support the video input or output, audio input or output,
video standard, cropping and scaling, compression and streaming
parameter, or overlay ioctls. All other ioctls and I/O methods are
reserved for future extensions.
Radio devices may have a couple audio controls (as discussed in
:ref:`control`) such as a volume control, possibly custom controls.
Further all radio devices have one tuner or modulator (these are
discussed in :ref:`tuner`) with index number zero to select the radio
frequency and to determine if a monaural or FM stereo program is
received/emitted. Drivers switch automatically between AM and FM
depending on the selected frequency. The
:ref:`VIDIOC_G_MODULATOR <VIDIOC_G_MODULATOR>` ioctl reports the
supported frequency range.