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FLIC (floating interrupt controller)
FLIC handles floating (non per-cpu) interrupts, i.e. I/O, service and some
machine check interruptions. All interrupts are stored in a per-vm list of
pending interrupts. FLIC performs operations on this list.
Only one FLIC instance may be instantiated.
FLIC provides support to
- add interrupts (KVM_DEV_FLIC_ENQUEUE)
- inspect currently pending interrupts (KVM_FLIC_GET_ALL_IRQS)
- purge all pending floating interrupts (KVM_DEV_FLIC_CLEAR_IRQS)
- purge one pending floating I/O interrupt (KVM_DEV_FLIC_CLEAR_IO_IRQ)
- enable/disable for the guest transparent async page faults
- register and modify adapter interrupt sources (KVM_DEV_FLIC_ADAPTER_*)
- modify AIS (adapter-interruption-suppression) mode state (KVM_DEV_FLIC_AISM)
- inject adapter interrupts on a specified adapter (KVM_DEV_FLIC_AIRQ_INJECT)
- get/set all AIS mode states (KVM_DEV_FLIC_AISM_ALL)
Passes a buffer and length into the kernel which are then injected into
the list of pending interrupts.
attr->addr contains the pointer to the buffer and attr->attr contains
the length of the buffer.
The format of the data structure kvm_s390_irq as it is copied from userspace
is defined in usr/include/linux/kvm.h.
Copies all floating interrupts into a buffer provided by userspace.
When the buffer is too small it returns -ENOMEM, which is the indication
for userspace to try again with a bigger buffer.
-ENOBUFS is returned when the allocation of a kernelspace buffer has
-EFAULT is returned when copying data to userspace failed.
All interrupts remain pending, i.e. are not deleted from the list of
currently pending interrupts.
attr->addr contains the userspace address of the buffer into which all
interrupt data will be copied.
attr->attr contains the size of the buffer in bytes.
Simply deletes all elements from the list of currently pending floating
interrupts. No interrupts are injected into the guest.
Deletes one (if any) I/O interrupt for a subchannel identified by the
subsystem identification word passed via the buffer specified by
attr->addr (address) and attr->attr (length).
Enables async page faults for the guest. So in case of a major page fault
the host is allowed to handle this async and continues the guest.
Disables async page faults for the guest and waits until already pending
async page faults are done. This is necessary to trigger a completion interrupt
for every init interrupt before migrating the interrupt list.
Register an I/O adapter interrupt source. Takes a kvm_s390_io_adapter
describing the adapter to register:
struct kvm_s390_io_adapter {
__u32 id;
__u8 isc;
__u8 maskable;
__u8 swap;
__u8 flags;
id contains the unique id for the adapter, isc the I/O interruption subclass
to use, maskable whether this adapter may be masked (interrupts turned off),
swap whether the indicators need to be byte swapped, and flags contains
further characteristics of the adapter.
Currently defined values for 'flags' are:
- KVM_S390_ADAPTER_SUPPRESSIBLE: adapter is subject to AIS
(adapter-interrupt-suppression) facility. This flag only has an effect if
the AIS capability is enabled.
Unknown flag values are ignored.
Modifies attributes of an existing I/O adapter interrupt source. Takes
a kvm_s390_io_adapter_req specifying the adapter and the operation:
struct kvm_s390_io_adapter_req {
__u32 id;
__u8 type;
__u8 mask;
__u16 pad0;
__u64 addr;
id specifies the adapter and type the operation. The supported operations
mask or unmask the adapter, as specified in mask
perform a gmap translation for the guest address provided in addr,
pin a userspace page for the translated address and add it to the
list of mappings
Note: A new mapping will be created unconditionally; therefore,
the calling code should avoid making duplicate mappings.
release a userspace page for the translated address specified in addr
from the list of mappings
modify the adapter-interruption-suppression mode for a given isc if the
AIS capability is enabled. Takes a kvm_s390_ais_req describing:
struct kvm_s390_ais_req {
__u8 isc;
__u16 mode;
isc contains the target I/O interruption subclass, mode the target
adapter-interruption-suppression mode. The following modes are
currently supported:
- KVM_S390_AIS_MODE_ALL: ALL-Interruptions Mode, i.e. airq injection
is always allowed;
- KVM_S390_AIS_MODE_SINGLE: SINGLE-Interruption Mode, i.e. airq
injection is only allowed once and the following adapter interrupts
will be suppressed until the mode is set again to ALL-Interruptions
or SINGLE-Interruption mode.
Inject adapter interrupts on a specified adapter.
attr->attr contains the unique id for the adapter, which allows for
adapter-specific checks and actions.
For adapters subject to AIS, handle the airq injection suppression for
an isc according to the adapter-interruption-suppression mode on condition
that the AIS capability is enabled.
Gets or sets the adapter-interruption-suppression mode for all ISCs. Takes
a kvm_s390_ais_all describing:
struct kvm_s390_ais_all {
__u8 simm; /* Single-Interruption-Mode mask */
__u8 nimm; /* No-Interruption-Mode mask *
simm contains Single-Interruption-Mode mask for all ISCs, nimm contains
No-Interruption-Mode mask for all ISCs. Each bit in simm and nimm corresponds
to an ISC (MSB0 bit 0 to ISC 0 and so on). The combination of simm bit and
nimm bit presents AIS mode for a ISC.
Note: The KVM_SET_DEVICE_ATTR/KVM_GET_DEVICE_ATTR device ioctls executed on
FLIC with an unknown group or attribute gives the error code EINVAL (instead of
ENXIO, as specified in the API documentation). It is not possible to conclude
that a FLIC operation is unavailable based on the error code resulting from a
usage attempt.
Note: The KVM_DEV_FLIC_CLEAR_IO_IRQ ioctl will return EINVAL in case a zero
schid is specified.