mm: remove VM_BUG_ON(PageSlab()) from page_mapcount()

[ Upstream commit 6988f31d558aa8c744464a7f6d91d34ada48ad12 ]

Replace superfluous VM_BUG_ON() with comment about correct usage.

Technically reverts commit 1d148e218a0d ("mm: add VM_BUG_ON_PAGE() to
page_mapcount()"), but context lines have changed.

Function isolate_migratepages_block() runs some checks out of lru_lock
when choose pages for migration.  After checking PageLRU() it checks
extra page references by comparing page_count() and page_mapcount().
Between these two checks page could be removed from lru, freed and taken
by slab.

As a result this race triggers VM_BUG_ON(PageSlab()) in page_mapcount().
Race window is tiny.  For certain workload this happens around once a

    page:ffffea0105ca9380 count:1 mapcount:0 mapping:ffff88ff7712c180 index:0x0 compound_mapcount: 0
    flags: 0x500000000008100(slab|head)
    raw: 0500000000008100 dead000000000100 dead000000000200 ffff88ff7712c180
    raw: 0000000000000000 0000000080200020 00000001ffffffff 0000000000000000
    page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageSlab(page))
    ------------[ cut here ]------------
    kernel BUG at ./include/linux/mm.h:628!
    invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
    CPU: 77 PID: 504 Comm: kcompactd1 Tainted: G        W         4.19.109-27 #1
    Hardware name: Yandex T175-N41-Y3N/MY81-EX0-Y3N, BIOS R05 06/20/2019
    RIP: 0010:isolate_migratepages_block+0x986/0x9b0

The code in isolate_migratepages_block() was added in commit
119d6d59dcc0 ("mm, compaction: avoid isolating pinned pages") before
adding VM_BUG_ON into page_mapcount().

This race has been predicted in 2015 by Vlastimil Babka (see link

[ comment tweaks, per Hugh]
Fixes: 1d148e218a0d ("mm: add VM_BUG_ON_PAGE() to page_mapcount()")
Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <>
Cc: David Rientjes <>
Cc: <>
Link: (v1)
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
1 file changed