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// Copyright 2017 The Abseil Authors.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
#include <cstdlib>
#include <thread> // NOLINT(build/c++11), Abseil test
#include <type_traits>
#include "absl/base/attributes.h"
#include "absl/base/const_init.h"
#include "absl/base/internal/raw_logging.h"
#include "absl/base/thread_annotations.h"
#include "absl/synchronization/mutex.h"
#include "absl/synchronization/notification.h"
namespace {
// A two-threaded test which checks that Mutex, CondVar, and Notification have
// correct basic functionality. The intent is to establish that they
// function correctly in various phases of construction and destruction.
// Thread one acquires a lock on 'mutex', wakes thread two via 'notification',
// then waits for 'state' to be set, as signalled by 'condvar'.
// Thread two waits on 'notification', then sets 'state' inside the 'mutex',
// signalling the change via 'condvar'.
// These tests use ABSL_RAW_CHECK to validate invariants, rather than EXPECT or
// ASSERT from gUnit, because we need to invoke them during global destructors,
// when gUnit teardown would have already begun.
void ThreadOne(absl::Mutex* mutex, absl::CondVar* condvar,
absl::Notification* notification, bool* state) {
// Test that the notification is in a valid initial state.
ABSL_RAW_CHECK(!notification->HasBeenNotified(), "invalid Notification");
ABSL_RAW_CHECK(*state == false, "*state not initialized");
absl::MutexLock lock(mutex);
ABSL_RAW_CHECK(notification->HasBeenNotified(), "invalid Notification");
while (*state == false) {
void ThreadTwo(absl::Mutex* mutex, absl::CondVar* condvar,
absl::Notification* notification, bool* state) {
ABSL_RAW_CHECK(*state == false, "*state not initialized");
// Wake thread one
ABSL_RAW_CHECK(notification->HasBeenNotified(), "invalid Notification");
absl::MutexLock lock(mutex);
*state = true;
// Launch thread 1 and thread 2, and block on their completion.
// If any of 'mutex', 'condvar', or 'notification' is nullptr, use a locally
// constructed instance instead.
void RunTests(absl::Mutex* mutex, absl::CondVar* condvar) {
absl::Mutex default_mutex;
absl::CondVar default_condvar;
absl::Notification notification;
if (!mutex) {
mutex = &default_mutex;
if (!condvar) {
condvar = &default_condvar;
bool state = false;
std::thread thread_one(ThreadOne, mutex, condvar, &notification, &state);
std::thread thread_two(ThreadTwo, mutex, condvar, &notification, &state);
void TestLocals() {
absl::Mutex mutex;
absl::CondVar condvar;
RunTests(&mutex, &condvar);
// Normal kConstInit usage
ABSL_CONST_INIT absl::Mutex const_init_mutex(absl::kConstInit);
void TestConstInitGlobal() { RunTests(&const_init_mutex, nullptr); }
// Global variables during start and termination
// In a translation unit, static storage duration variables are initialized in
// the order of their definitions, and destroyed in the reverse order of their
// definitions. We can use this to arrange for tests to be run on these objects
// before they are created, and after they are destroyed.
using Function = void (*)();
class OnConstruction {
explicit OnConstruction(Function fn) { fn(); }
class OnDestruction {
explicit OnDestruction(Function fn) : fn_(fn) {}
~OnDestruction() { fn_(); }
Function fn_;
// kConstInit
// Test early usage. (Declaration comes first; definitions must appear after
// the test runner.)
extern absl::Mutex early_const_init_mutex;
// (Normally I'd write this +[], to make the cast-to-function-pointer explicit,
// but in some MSVC setups we support, lambdas provide conversion operators to
// different flavors of function pointers, making this trick ambiguous.)
OnConstruction test_early_const_init([] {
RunTests(&early_const_init_mutex, nullptr);
// This definition appears before test_early_const_init, but it should be
// initialized first (due to constant initialization). Test that the object
// actually works when constructed this way.
ABSL_CONST_INIT absl::Mutex early_const_init_mutex(absl::kConstInit);
// Furthermore, test that the const-init c'tor doesn't stomp over the state of
// a Mutex. Really, this is a test that the platform under test correctly
// supports C++11 constant initialization. (The constant-initialization
// constructors of globals "happen at link time"; memory is pre-initialized,
// before the constructors of either grab_lock or check_still_locked are run.)
extern absl::Mutex const_init_sanity_mutex;
OnConstruction grab_lock([]() NO_THREAD_SAFETY_ANALYSIS {
ABSL_CONST_INIT absl::Mutex const_init_sanity_mutex(absl::kConstInit);
OnConstruction check_still_locked([]() NO_THREAD_SAFETY_ANALYSIS {
// Test shutdown usage. (Declarations come first; definitions must appear after
// the test runner.)
extern absl::Mutex late_const_init_mutex;
// OnDestruction is being used here as a global variable, even though it has a
// non-trivial destructor. This is against the style guide. We're violating
// that rule here to check that the exception we allow for kConstInit is safe.
OnDestruction test_late_const_init([] {
RunTests(&late_const_init_mutex, nullptr);
ABSL_CONST_INIT absl::Mutex late_const_init_mutex(absl::kConstInit);
} // namespace
int main() {
// Explicitly call exit(0) here, to make it clear that we intend for the
// above global object destructors to run.