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# Copyright 1999-2007 Gentoo Foundation
# Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2
# $Id$
import os,sys
from output import bold, turquoise, green
def shorthelp():
print bold("emerge:")+" the other white meat (command-line interface to the Portage system)"
print bold("Usage:")
print " "+turquoise("emerge")+" [ "+green("options")+" ] [ "+green("action")+" ] [ "+turquoise("ebuildfile")+" | "+turquoise("tbz2file")+" | "+turquoise("dependency")+" ] [ ... ]"
print " "+turquoise("emerge")+" [ "+green("options")+" ] [ "+green("action")+" ] < "+turquoise("system")+" | "+turquoise("world")+" >"
print " "+turquoise("emerge")+" < "+turquoise("--sync")+" | "+turquoise("--metadata")+" | "+turquoise("--info")+" >"
print " "+turquoise("emerge")+" "+turquoise("--resume")+" [ "+green("--pretend")+" | "+green("--ask")+" | "+green("--skipfirst")+" ]"
print " "+turquoise("emerge")+" "+turquoise("--help")+" [ "+green("system")+" | "+green("world")+" | "+green("--sync")+" ] "
print bold("Options:")+" "+green("-")+"["+green("abBcCdDefgGhkKlnNoOpqPsStuvV")+"] ["+green("--oneshot")+"] ["+green("--newuse")+"] ["+green("--noconfmem")+"]"
print " [ " + green("--color")+" < " + turquoise("y") + " | "+ turquoise("n")+" > ] [ "+green("--columns")+" ]"
print " [ "+green("--reinstall ")+turquoise("changed-use")+" ] ["+green("--nospinner")+"]"
print " [ "+green("--deep")+" ] [" + green("--with-bdeps")+" < " + turquoise("y") + " | "+ turquoise("n")+" > ]"
print bold("Actions:")+" [ "+green("--clean")+" | "+green("--depclean")+" | "+green("--prune")+" | "+green("--regen")+" | "+green("--search")+" | "+green("--unmerge")+" ]"
def help(myaction,myopts,havecolor=1):
# TODO: Implement a wrap() that accounts for console color escape codes.
from textwrap import wrap
desc_left_margin = 14
desc_indent = desc_left_margin * " "
desc_width = 80 - desc_left_margin - 5
if not myaction and ("--verbose" not in myopts):
print " For more help try 'emerge --help --verbose' or consult the man page."
elif not myaction:
print turquoise("Help (this screen):")
print " "+green("--help")+" ("+green("-h")+" short option)"
print " Displays this help; an additional argument (see above) will tell"
print " emerge to display detailed help."
print turquoise("Actions:")
print " "+green("--clean")+" ("+green("-c")+" short option)"
print " Cleans the system by removing outdated packages which will not"
print " remove functionalities or prevent your system from working."
print " The arguments can be in several different formats :"
print " * world "
print " * system or"
print " * 'dependency specification' (in single quotes is best.)"
print " Here are a few examples of the dependency specification format:"
print " "+bold("binutils")+" matches"
print " binutils- and binutils-"
print " "+bold("sys-devel/binutils")+" matches"
print " binutils- and binutils-"
print " "+bold(">sys-devel/binutils-")+" matches"
print " binutils-"
print " "+bold(">=sys-devel/binutils-")+" matches"
print " binutils- and binutils-"
print " "+bold("<=sys-devel/binutils-")+" matches"
print " binutils- and binutils-"
print " "+green("--config")
print " Runs package-specific operations that must be executed after an"
print " emerge process has completed. This usually entails configuration"
print " file setup or other similar setups that the user may wish to run."
print " "+green("--depclean")
print " Cleans the system by removing packages that are not associated"
print " with explicitly merged packages. Depclean works by creating the"
print " full dependency tree from the system list and the world file,"
print " then comparing it to installed packages. Packages installed, but"
print " not associated with an explicit merge are listed as candidates"
print " for unmerging. Inexperienced users are advised to use --pretend"
print " with this option in order to see a preview of which packages will"
print " be uninstalled. "+turquoise(" WARNING: Removing some packages may cause")
print " "+turquoise("packages which link to the removed package to stop working and")
print " "+turquoise("complain about missing libraries. Rebuild the complaining package")
print " "+turquoise("to fix this issue.")+" Also see --with-bdeps for behavior with"
print " respect to build time dependencies that are not strictly"
print " required. Depclean serves as a dependency aware version of"
print " --unmerge. When given one or more atoms, it will unmerge matched"
print " packages that have no reverse dependencies. Use --depclean"
print " together with --verbose to show reverse dependencies."
print " "+green("--info")
print " Displays important portage variables that will be exported to"
print " when performing merges. This information is useful"
print " for bug reports and verification of settings. All settings in"
print " make.{conf,globals,defaults} and the environment show up if"
print " run with the '--verbose' flag."
print " "+green("--metadata")
print " Transfers metadata cache from ${PORTDIR}/metadata/cache/ to"
print " /var/cache/edb/dep/ as is normally done on the tail end of an"
print " rsync update using " + bold("emerge --sync") + ". This process populates the"
print " cache database that portage uses for pre-parsed lookups of"
print " package data. It does not populate cache for the overlays"
print " listed in PORTDIR_OVERLAY. In order to generate cache for"
print " overlays, use " + bold("--regen") + "."
print " "+green("--prune")+" ("+green("-P")+" short option)"
print " "+turquoise("WARNING: This action can remove important packages!")
print " Removes all but the highest installed version of a package"
print " from your system. This action doesn't verify the possible binary"
print " compatibility between versions and can thus remove essential"
print " dependencies from your system. Use --prune together with"
print " --verbose to show reverse dependencies or with --nodeps to"
print " ignore all dependencies."
print " "+green("--regen")
print " Causes portage to check and update the dependency cache of all"
print " ebuilds in the portage tree. This is not recommended for rsync"
print " users as rsync updates the cache using server-side caches."
print " Rsync users should simply 'emerge --sync' to regenerate."
print " "+green("--resume")
print " Resumes the most recent merge list that has been aborted due to an"
print " error. Please note that this operation will only return an error"
print " on failure. If there is nothing for portage to do, then portage"
print " will exit with a message and a success condition. A resume list"
print " will persist until it has been completed in entirety or until"
print " another aborted merge list replaces it. The resume history is"
print " capable of storing two merge lists. After one resume list"
print " completes, it is possible to invoke --resume once again in order"
print " to resume an older list."
print " "+green("--search")+" ("+green("-s")+" short option)"
print " Searches for matches of the supplied string in the current local"
print " portage tree. By default emerge uses a case-insensitive simple "
print " search, but you can enable a regular expression search by "
print " prefixing the search string with %."
print " Prepending the expression with a '@' will cause the category to"
print " be included in the search."
print " A few examples:"
print " "+bold("emerge --search libc")
print " list all packages that contain libc in their name"
print " "+bold("emerge --search '%^kde'")
print " list all packages starting with kde"
print " "+bold("emerge --search '%gcc$'")
print " list all packages ending with gcc"
print " "+bold("emerge --search '%@^dev-java.*jdk'")
print " list all available Java JDKs"
print " "+green("--searchdesc")+" ("+green("-S")+" short option)"
print " Matches the search string against the description field as well"
print " the package's name. Take caution as the descriptions are also"
print " matched as regular expressions."
print " emerge -S html"
print " emerge -S applet"
print " emerge -S 'perl.*module'"
print " "+green("--unmerge")+" ("+green("-C")+" short option)"
print " "+turquoise("WARNING: This action can remove important packages!")
print " Removes all matching packages. This does no checking of"
print " dependencies, so it may remove packages necessary for the proper"
print " operation of your system. Its arguments can be atoms or"
print " ebuilds. For a dependency aware version of --unmerge, use"
print " --depclean or --prune."
print " "+green("--update")+" ("+green("-u")+" short option)"
print " Updates packages to the best version available, which may not"
print " always be the highest version number due to masking for testing"
print " and development. This will also update direct dependencies which"
print " may not what you want. Package atoms specified on the command line"
print " are greedy, meaning that unspecific atoms may match multiple"
print " installed versions of slotted packages."
print " "+green("--version")+" ("+green("-V")+" short option)"
print " Displays the currently installed version of portage along with"
print " other information useful for quick reference on a system. See"
print " "+bold("emerge info")+" for more advanced information."
print turquoise("Options:")
print " "+green("--alphabetical")
print " When displaying USE and other flag output, combines the enabled"
print " and disabled flags into a single list and sorts it alphabetically."
print " With this option, output such as USE=\"dar -bar -foo\" will instead"
print " be displayed as USE=\"-bar dar -foo\""
print " "+green("--ask")+" ("+green("-a")+" short option)"
print " before performing the merge, display what ebuilds and tbz2s will"
print " be installed, in the same format as when using --pretend; then"
print " ask whether to continue with the merge or abort. Using --ask is"
print " more efficient than using --pretend and then executing the same"
print " command without --pretend, as dependencies will only need to be"
print " calculated once. WARNING: If the \"Enter\" key is pressed at the"
print " prompt (with no other input), it is interpreted as acceptance of"
print " the first choice. Note that the input buffer is not cleared prior"
print " to the prompt, so an accidental press of the \"Enter\" key at any"
print " time prior to the prompt will be interpreted as a choice!"
print " "+green("--buildpkg")+" ("+green("-b")+" short option)"
desc = "Tells emerge to build binary packages for all ebuilds processed in" + \
" addition to actually merging the packages. Useful for maintainers" + \
" or if you administrate multiple Gentoo Linux systems (build once," + \
" emerge tbz2s everywhere) as well as disaster recovery. The package" + \
" will be created in the" + \
" ${PKGDIR}/All directory. An alternative for already-merged" + \
" packages is to use quickpkg(1) which creates a tbz2 from the" + \
" live filesystem."
for line in wrap(desc, desc_width):
print desc_indent + line
print " "+green("--buildpkgonly")+" ("+green("-B")+" short option)"
print " Creates a binary package, but does not merge it to the"
print " system. This has the restriction that unsatisfied dependencies"
print " must not exist for the desired package as they cannot be used if"
print " they do not exist on the system."
print " "+green("--changelog")+" ("+green("-l")+" short option)"
print " When pretending, also display the ChangeLog entries for packages"
print " that will be upgraded."
print " "+green("--color") + " < " + turquoise("y") + " | "+ turquoise("n")+" >"
print " Enable or disable color output. This option will override NOCOLOR"
print " (see make.conf(5)) and may also be used to force color output when"
print " stdout is not a tty (by default, color is disabled unless stdout"
print " is a tty)."
print " "+green("--columns")
print " Display the pretend output in a tabular form. Versions are"
print " aligned vertically."
print " "+green("--debug")+" ("+green("-d")+" short option)"
print " Tell emerge to run the ebuild command in --debug mode. In this"
print " mode, the bash build environment will run with the -x option,"
print " causing it to output verbose debug information print to stdout."
print " --debug is great for finding bash syntax errors as providing"
print " very verbose information about the dependency and build process."
print " "+green("--deep")+" ("+green("-D")+" short option)"
print " This flag forces emerge to consider the entire dependency tree of"
print " packages, instead of checking only the immediate dependencies of"
print " the packages. As an example, this catches updates in libraries"
print " that are not directly listed in the dependencies of a package."
print " Also see --with-bdeps for behavior with respect to build time"
print " dependencies that are not strictly required."
print " "+green("--emptytree")+" ("+green("-e")+" short option)"
print " Virtually tweaks the tree of installed packages to contain"
print " nothing. This is great to use together with --pretend. This makes"
print " it possible for developers to get a complete overview of the"
print " complete dependency tree of a certain package."
print " "+green("--fetchonly")+" ("+green("-f")+" short option)"
print " Instead of doing any package building, just perform fetches for"
print " all packages (main package as well as all dependencies.) When"
print " used in combination with --pretend all the SRC_URIs will be"
print " displayed multiple mirrors per line, one line per file."
print " "+green("--fetch-all-uri")+" ("+green("-F")+" short option)"
print " Same as --fetchonly except that all package files, including those"
print " not required to build the package, will be processed."
print " "+green("--getbinpkg")+" ("+green("-g")+" short option)"
print " Using the server and location defined in PORTAGE_BINHOST, portage"
print " will download the information from each binary file there and it"
print " will use that information to help build the dependency list. This"
print " option implies '-k'. (Use -gK for binary-only merging.)"
print " "+green("--getbinpkgonly")+" ("+green("-G")+" short option)"
print " This option is identical to -g, as above, except it will not use"
print " ANY information from the local machine. All binaries will be"
print " downloaded from the remote server without consulting packages"
print " existing in the packages directory."
print " "+green("--newuse")+" ("+green("-N")+" short option)"
print " Tells emerge to include installed packages where USE flags have "
print " changed since installation."
print " "+green("--noconfmem")
print " Portage keeps track of files that have been placed into"
print " CONFIG_PROTECT directories, and normally it will not merge the"
print " same file more than once, as that would become annoying. This"
print " can lead to problems when the user wants the file in the case"
print " of accidental deletion. With this option, files will always be"
print " merged to the live fs instead of silently dropped."
print " "+green("--nodeps")+" ("+green("-O")+" short option)"
print " Merge specified packages, but don't merge any dependencies."
print " Note that the build may fail if deps aren't satisfied."
print " "+green("--noreplace")+" ("+green("-n")+" short option)"
print " Skip the packages specified on the command-line that have"
print " already been installed. Without this option, any packages,"
print " ebuilds, or deps you specify on the command-line *will* cause"
print " Portage to remerge the package, even if it is already installed."
print " Note that Portage won't remerge dependencies by default."
print " "+green("--nospinner")
print " Disables the spinner regardless of terminal type."
print " "+green("--oneshot")+" ("+green("-1")+" short option)"
print " Emerge as normal, but don't add packages to the world profile."
print " This package will only be updated if it is depended upon by"
print " another package."
print " "+green("--onlydeps")+" ("+green("-o")+" short option)"
print " Only merge (or pretend to merge) the dependencies of the"
print " specified packages, not the packages themselves."
print " "+green("--pretend")+" ("+green("-p")+" short option)"
print " Instead of actually performing the merge, simply display what"
print " ebuilds and tbz2s *would* have been installed if --pretend"
print " weren't used. Using --pretend is strongly recommended before"
print " installing an unfamiliar package. In the printout, N = new,"
print " U = updating, R = replacing, F = fetch restricted, B = blocked"
print " by an already installed package, D = possible downgrading,"
print " S = slotted install. --verbose causes affecting use flags to be"
print " printed out accompanied by a '+' for enabled and a '-' for"
print " disabled USE flags."
print " "+green("--quiet")+" ("+green("-q")+" short option)"
print " Effects vary, but the general outcome is a reduced or condensed"
print " output from portage's displays."
print " "+green("--reinstall ") + turquoise("changed-use")
print " Tells emerge to include installed packages where USE flags have"
print " changed since installation. Unlike --newuse, this option does"
print " not trigger reinstallation when flags that the user has not"
print " enabled are added or removed."
print " "+green("--skipfirst")
print " This option is only valid in a resume situation. It removes the"
print " first package in the resume list so that a merge may continue in"
print " the presence of an uncorrectable or inconsequential error. This"
print " should only be used in cases where skipping the package will not"
print " result in failed dependencies."
print " "+green("--tree")+" ("+green("-t")+" short option)"
print " Shows the dependency tree using indentation for dependencies."
print " The packages are also listed in reverse merge order so that"
print " a package's dependencies follow the package. Only really useful"
print " in combination with --emptytree, --update or --deep."
print " "+green("--usepkg")+" ("+green("-k")+" short option)"
print " Tell emerge to use binary packages (from $PKGDIR) if they are"
print " available, thus possibly avoiding some time-consuming compiles."
print " This option is useful for CD installs; you can export"
print " PKGDIR=/mnt/cdrom/packages and then use this option to have"
print " emerge \"pull\" binary packages from the CD in order to satisfy"
print " dependencies."
print " "+green("--usepkgonly")+" ("+green("-K")+" short option)"
print " Like --usepkg above, except this only allows the use of binary"
print " packages, and it will abort the emerge if the package is not"
print " available at the time of dependency calculation."
print " "+green("--verbose")+" ("+green("-v")+" short option)"
print " Effects vary, but the general outcome is an increased or expanded"
print " display of content in portage's displays."
print " "+green("--with-bdeps")+" < " + turquoise("y") + " | "+ turquoise("n")+" >"
print " In dependency calculations, pull in build time dependencies that"
print " are not strictly required. This defaults to 'n' for installation"
print " actions and 'y' for the --depclean action. This setting can be"
print " added to EMERGE_DEFAULT_OPTS (see make.conf(5)) and later"
print " overridden via the command line."
elif myaction == "sync":
print bold("Usage: ")+turquoise("emerge")+" "+turquoise("--sync")
print " 'emerge --sync' tells emerge to update the Portage tree as specified in"
print " The SYNC variable found in /etc/make.conf. By default, SYNC instructs"
print " emerge to perform an rsync-style update with"
print " 'emerge-webrsync' exists as a helper app to emerge --sync, providing a"
print " method to receive the entire portage tree as a tarball that can be"
print " extracted and used. First time syncs would benefit greatly from this."
print " "+turquoise("WARNING:")
print " If using our rsync server, emerge will clean out all files that do not"
print " exist on it, including ones that you may have created. The exceptions"
print " to this are the distfiles, local and packages directories."
elif myaction=="system":
print bold("Usage: ")+turquoise("emerge")+" [ "+green("options")+" ] "+turquoise("system")
print " \"emerge system\" is the Portage system update command. When run, it"
print " will scan the etc/make.profile/packages file and determine what"
print " packages need to be installed so that your system meets the minimum"
print " requirements of your current system profile. Note that this doesn't"
print " necessarily bring your system up-to-date at all; instead, it just"
print " ensures that you have no missing parts. For example, if your system"
print " profile specifies that you should have sys-apps/iptables installed"
print " and you don't, then \"emerge system\" will install it (the most"
print " recent version that matches the profile spec) for you. It's always a"
print " good idea to do an \"emerge --pretend system\" before an \"emerge"
print " system\", just so you know what emerge is planning to do."
elif myaction=="world":
print bold("Usage: ")+turquoise("emerge")+" [ "+green("options")+" ] "+turquoise("world")
print " 'emerge world' is the Portage command for completely updating your"
print " system. The normal procedure is to first do an 'emerge --sync' and"
print " then an 'emerge --update --deep world'. The first command brings your"
print " local Portage tree up-to-date with the latest version information and"
print " ebuilds. The second command then rebuilds all packages for which newer"
print " versions or newer ebuilds have become available since you last did a"
print " sync and update."