blob: 9aaeec8576ba08b85b233eb6574228b6fbb635b2 [file] [log] [blame]
# Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium OS Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""This is a module to scan /sys/block/ virtual FS, query udev
It provides a list of all removable or USB devices connected to the machine on
which the module is running.
It can be used from command line or from a python script.
To use it as python module it's enough to call the get_all() function.
@see |get_all| documentation for the output format
|get_all()| output is human readable (as oppposite to python's data structures)
import os, re
# this script can be run at command line on DUT (ie /usr/local/autotest
# contains only the client/ subtree), on a normal autotest
# installation/repository or as a python module used on a client-side test.
import common
from autotest_lib.client.common_lib import utils
INFO_PATH = "/sys/block"
def get_udev_info(blockdev, method='udev'):
"""Get information about |blockdev|
@param blockdev: a block device, e.g., /dev/sda1 or /dev/sda
@param method: either 'udev' (default) or 'blkid'
@return a dictionary with two or more of the followig keys:
"ID_BUS", "ID_MODEL": always present
"ID_FS_UUID", "ID_FS_TYPE", "ID_FS_LABEL": present only if those info
are meaningul and present for the queried device
ret = {}
cmd = None
ignore_status = False
if method == "udev":
cmd = "udevadm info --name %s --query=property" % blockdev
elif method == "blkid":
# this script is run as root in a normal autotest run,
# so this works: It doesn't have access to the necessary info
# when run as a non-privileged user
cmd = "blkid -c /dev/null -o udev %s" % blockdev
ignore_status = True
if cmd:
output = utils.system_output(cmd, ignore_status=ignore_status)
udev_keys = ("ID_BUS", "ID_MODEL", "ID_FS_UUID", "ID_FS_TYPE",
for line in output.splitlines():
udev_key, udev_val = line.split('=')
if udev_key in udev_keys:
ret[udev_key] = udev_val
return ret
def get_partition_info(part_path, bus, model, partid=None, fstype=None,
label=None, block_size=0, is_removable=False):
"""Return information about a device as a list of dictionaries
Normally a single device described by the passed parameters will match a
single device on the system, and thus a single element list as return
value; although it's possible that a single block device is associated with
several mountpoints, this scenario will lead to a dictionary for each
@param part_path: full partition path under |INFO_PATH|
e.g., /sys/block/sda or /sys/block/sda/sda1
@param bus: bus, e.g., 'usb' or 'ata', according to udev
@param model: device moduel, e.g., according to udev
@param partid: partition id, if present
@param fstype: filesystem type, if present
@param label: filesystem label, if present
@param block_size: filesystem block size
@param is_removable: whether it is a removable device
@return a list of dictionaries contaning each a partition info.
An empty list can be returned if no matching device is found
ret = []
# take the partitioned device name from the /sys/block/ path name
part = part_path.split('/')[-1]
device = "/dev/%s" % part
if not partid:
info = get_udev_info(device, "blkid")
partid = info.get('ID_FS_UUID', None)
if not fstype:
fstype = info.get('ID_FS_TYPE', None)
if not label:
label = partid
readonly = open("%s/ro" % part_path).read()
if not int(readonly):
partition_blocks = open("%s/size" % part_path).read()
size = block_size * int(partition_blocks)
stub = {}
stub['device'] = device
stub['bus'] = bus
stub['model'] = model
stub['size'] = size
# look for it among the mounted devices first
mounts = open("/proc/mounts").readlines()
seen = False
for line in mounts:
dev, mount, proc_fstype, flags = line.split(' ', 3)
if device == dev:
if 'rw' in flags.split(','):
seen = True # at least one match occurred
# Sorround mountpoint with quotes, to make it parsable in
# case of spaces. Also information retrieved from
# /proc/mount override the udev passed ones (e.g.,
# proc_fstype instead of fstype)
dev = stub.copy()
dev['fs_uuid'] = partid
dev['fstype'] = proc_fstype
dev['is_mounted'] = True
dev['mountpoint'] = mount
# If not among mounted devices, it's just attached, print about the
# same information but suggest a place where the user can mount the
# device instead
if not seen:
# we consider it if it's removable and and a partition id
# OR it's on the USB bus.
# Some USB HD do not get announced as removable, but they should be
# showed.
# There are good changes that if it's on a USB bus it's removable
# and thus interesting for us, independently whether it's declared
# removable
if (is_removable and partid) or bus == 'usb':
if not label:
info = get_udev_info(device, 'blkid')
label = info.get('ID_FS_LABEL', partid)
dev = stub.copy()
dev['fs_uuid'] = partid
dev['fstype'] = fstype
dev['is_mounted'] = False
dev['mountpoint'] = "/media/removable/%s" % label
return ret
def get_device_info(blockdev):
"""Retrieve information about |blockdev|
@see |get_partition_info()| doc for the dictionary format
@param blockdev: a block device name, e.g., "sda".
@return a list of dictionary, with each item representing a found device
ret = []
spath = "%s/%s" % (INFO_PATH, blockdev)
block_size = int(open("%s/queue/physical_block_size" % spath).read())
is_removable = bool(int(open("%s/removable" % spath).read()))
info = get_udev_info(blockdev, "udev")
dev_bus = info['ID_BUS']
dev_model = info['ID_MODEL']
dev_fs = info.get('ID_FS_TYPE', None)
dev_uuid = info.get('ID_FS_UUID', None)
dev_label = info.get('ID_FS_LABEL', dev_uuid)
has_partitions = False
for basename in os.listdir(spath):
partition_path = "%s/%s" % (spath, basename)
# we want to check if within |spath| there are subdevices with
# partitions
# e.g., if within /sys/block/sda sda1 and other partition are present
if not re.match("%s[0-9]+" % blockdev, basename):
continue # ignore what is not a subdevice
# |blockdev| has subdevices: get info for them
has_partitions = True
devs = get_partition_info(partition_path, dev_bus, dev_model,
if not has_partitions:
devs = get_partition_info(spath, dev_bus, dev_model, dev_uuid, dev_fs,
dev_label, block_size=block_size,
return ret
def get_all():
"""Return all removable or USB storage devices attached
@return a list of dictionaries, each list element describing a device
ret = []
for dev in os.listdir(INFO_PATH):
# Among block devices we need to filter out what are virtual
if re.match("s[a-z]+", dev):
# for each of them try to obtain some info
return ret
def main():
for device in get_all():
print ("%(device)s %(bus)s %(model)s %(size)d %(fs_uuid)s %(fstype)s "
"%(is_mounted)d %(mountpoint)s" % device)
if __name__ == "__main__":