blob: 2af55fb5e60070e2fa2557a7784943f12838de2f [file] [log] [blame]
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
This module contains the authentication handlers for Requests.
import os
import re
import time
import hashlib
import threading
from base64 import b64encode
from .compat import urlparse, str
from .cookies import extract_cookies_to_jar
from .utils import parse_dict_header, to_native_string
from .status_codes import codes
CONTENT_TYPE_FORM_URLENCODED = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
CONTENT_TYPE_MULTI_PART = 'multipart/form-data'
def _basic_auth_str(username, password):
"""Returns a Basic Auth string."""
authstr = 'Basic ' + to_native_string(
b64encode(('%s:%s' % (username, password)).encode('latin1')).strip()
return authstr
class AuthBase(object):
"""Base class that all auth implementations derive from"""
def __call__(self, r):
raise NotImplementedError('Auth hooks must be callable.')
class HTTPBasicAuth(AuthBase):
"""Attaches HTTP Basic Authentication to the given Request object."""
def __init__(self, username, password):
self.username = username
self.password = password
def __call__(self, r):
r.headers['Authorization'] = _basic_auth_str(self.username, self.password)
return r
class HTTPProxyAuth(HTTPBasicAuth):
"""Attaches HTTP Proxy Authentication to a given Request object."""
def __call__(self, r):
r.headers['Proxy-Authorization'] = _basic_auth_str(self.username, self.password)
return r
class HTTPDigestAuth(AuthBase):
"""Attaches HTTP Digest Authentication to the given Request object."""
def __init__(self, username, password):
self.username = username
self.password = password
# Keep state in per-thread local storage
self._thread_local = threading.local()
def init_per_thread_state(self):
# Ensure state is initialized just once per-thread
if not hasattr(self._thread_local, 'init'):
self._thread_local.init = True
self._thread_local.last_nonce = ''
self._thread_local.nonce_count = 0
self._thread_local.chal = {}
self._thread_local.pos = None
self._thread_local.num_401_calls = None
def build_digest_header(self, method, url):
realm = self._thread_local.chal['realm']
nonce = self._thread_local.chal['nonce']
qop = self._thread_local.chal.get('qop')
algorithm = self._thread_local.chal.get('algorithm')
opaque = self._thread_local.chal.get('opaque')
if algorithm is None:
_algorithm = 'MD5'
_algorithm = algorithm.upper()
# lambdas assume digest modules are imported at the top level
if _algorithm == 'MD5' or _algorithm == 'MD5-SESS':
def md5_utf8(x):
if isinstance(x, str):
x = x.encode('utf-8')
return hashlib.md5(x).hexdigest()
hash_utf8 = md5_utf8
elif _algorithm == 'SHA':
def sha_utf8(x):
if isinstance(x, str):
x = x.encode('utf-8')
return hashlib.sha1(x).hexdigest()
hash_utf8 = sha_utf8
KD = lambda s, d: hash_utf8("%s:%s" % (s, d))
if hash_utf8 is None:
return None
# XXX not implemented yet
entdig = None
p_parsed = urlparse(url)
#: path is request-uri defined in RFC 2616 which should not be empty
path = p_parsed.path or "/"
if p_parsed.query:
path += '?' + p_parsed.query
A1 = '%s:%s:%s' % (self.username, realm, self.password)
A2 = '%s:%s' % (method, path)
HA1 = hash_utf8(A1)
HA2 = hash_utf8(A2)
if nonce == self._thread_local.last_nonce:
self._thread_local.nonce_count += 1
self._thread_local.nonce_count = 1
ncvalue = '%08x' % self._thread_local.nonce_count
s = str(self._thread_local.nonce_count).encode('utf-8')
s += nonce.encode('utf-8')
s += time.ctime().encode('utf-8')
s += os.urandom(8)
cnonce = (hashlib.sha1(s).hexdigest()[:16])
if _algorithm == 'MD5-SESS':
HA1 = hash_utf8('%s:%s:%s' % (HA1, nonce, cnonce))
if not qop:
respdig = KD(HA1, "%s:%s" % (nonce, HA2))
elif qop == 'auth' or 'auth' in qop.split(','):
noncebit = "%s:%s:%s:%s:%s" % (
nonce, ncvalue, cnonce, 'auth', HA2
respdig = KD(HA1, noncebit)
# XXX handle auth-int.
return None
self._thread_local.last_nonce = nonce
# XXX should the partial digests be encoded too?
base = 'username="%s", realm="%s", nonce="%s", uri="%s", ' \
'response="%s"' % (self.username, realm, nonce, path, respdig)
if opaque:
base += ', opaque="%s"' % opaque
if algorithm:
base += ', algorithm="%s"' % algorithm
if entdig:
base += ', digest="%s"' % entdig
if qop:
base += ', qop="auth", nc=%s, cnonce="%s"' % (ncvalue, cnonce)
return 'Digest %s' % (base)
def handle_redirect(self, r, **kwargs):
"""Reset num_401_calls counter on redirects."""
if r.is_redirect:
self._thread_local.num_401_calls = 1
def handle_401(self, r, **kwargs):
"""Takes the given response and tries digest-auth, if needed."""
if self._thread_local.pos is not None:
# Rewind the file position indicator of the body to where
# it was to resend the request.
s_auth = r.headers.get('www-authenticate', '')
if 'digest' in s_auth.lower() and self._thread_local.num_401_calls < 2:
self._thread_local.num_401_calls += 1
pat = re.compile(r'digest ', flags=re.IGNORECASE)
self._thread_local.chal = parse_dict_header(pat.sub('', s_auth, count=1))
# Consume content and release the original connection
# to allow our new request to reuse the same one.
prep = r.request.copy()
extract_cookies_to_jar(prep._cookies, r.request, r.raw)
prep.headers['Authorization'] = self.build_digest_header(
prep.method, prep.url)
_r = r.connection.send(prep, **kwargs)
_r.request = prep
return _r
self._thread_local.num_401_calls = 1
return r
def __call__(self, r):
# Initialize per-thread state, if needed
# If we have a saved nonce, skip the 401
if self._thread_local.last_nonce:
r.headers['Authorization'] = self.build_digest_header(r.method, r.url)
self._thread_local.pos = r.body.tell()
except AttributeError:
# In the case of HTTPDigestAuth being reused and the body of
# the previous request was a file-like object, pos has the
# file position of the previous body. Ensure it's set to
# None.
self._thread_local.pos = None
r.register_hook('response', self.handle_401)
r.register_hook('response', self.handle_redirect)
self._thread_local.num_401_calls = 1
return r