blob: 7f66ffa2b4127262c825ebce6d62bbbcbd345850 [file] [log] [blame]
# Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium OS Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""Common python commands used by various build scripts."""
import contextlib
from datetime import datetime
from email.utils import formatdate
import errno
import functools
import logging
import os
import re
import signal
import socket
import subprocess
import sys
import tempfile
import time
import types
# TODO(build): Fix this.
# This should be absolute import, but that requires fixing all
# relative imports first.
_path = os.path.realpath(__file__)
_path = os.path.normpath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(_path), '..', '..'))
sys.path.insert(0, _path)
from chromite.buildbot import constants
from chromite.lib import signals
# Now restore it so that relative scripts don't get cranky.
del _path
logger = logging.getLogger('chromite')
class CommandResult(object):
"""An object to store various attributes of a child process."""
def __init__(self, cmd=None, error=None, output=None, returncode=None):
self.cmd = cmd
self.error = error
self.output = output
self.returncode = returncode
class RunCommandError(Exception):
"""Error caught in RunCommand() method."""
def __init__(self, msg, result, exception=None):
self.msg, self.result, self.exception = msg, result, exception
if exception is not None and not isinstance(exception, Exception):
raise ValueError("exception must be an exception instance; got %r"
% (exception,))
Exception.__init__(self, msg)
self.args = (msg, result, exception)
def Stringify(self, error=True, output=True):
"""Custom method for controlling what is included in stringifying this.
Each individual argument is the literal name of an attribute
on the result object; if False, that value is ignored for adding
to this string content. If true, it'll be incorporated.
error: See comment about individual arguments above.
output: See comment about individual arguments above.
items = ['return code: %s' % (self.result.returncode,)]
if error and self.result.error:
if output and self.result.output:
return '\n'.join(items)
def __str__(self):
# __str__ needs to return ascii, thus force a conversion to be safe.
return self.Stringify().decode('utf-8').encode('ascii', 'xmlcharrefreplace')
def __eq__(self, other):
return (type(self) == type(other) and
self.args == other.args)
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
class TerminateRunCommandError(RunCommandError):
"""We were signaled to shutdown while running a command.
Client code shouldn't generally know, nor care about this class. It's
used internally to suppress retry attempts when we're signaled to die.
def SudoRunCommand(cmd, user='root', **kwargs):
"""Run a command via sudo.
Client code must use this rather than coming up with their own RunCommand
invocation that jams sudo in- this function is used to enforce certain
rules in our code about sudo usage, and as a potential auditing point.
cmd: The command to run. See RunCommand for rules of this argument-
SudoRunCommand purely prefixes it with sudo.
user: The user to run the command as.
kwargs: See RunCommand options, it's a direct pass thru to it.
Note that this supports a 'strict' keyword that defaults to True.
If set to False, it'll suppress strict sudo behavior.
See RunCommand documentation.
This function may immediately raise RunCommandError if we're operating
in a strict sudo context and the API is being misused.
Barring that, see RunCommand's documentation- it can raise the same things
RunCommand does.
sudo_cmd = ['sudo']
strict = kwargs.pop('strict', True)
if user == 'root' and os.geteuid() == 0:
return RunCommand(cmd, **kwargs)
if strict and STRICT_SUDO:
if 'CROS_SUDO_KEEP_ALIVE' not in os.environ:
raise RunCommandError(
'We were invoked in a strict sudo non - interactive context, but no '
'sudo keep alive daemon is running. This is a bug in the code.',
CommandResult(cmd=cmd, returncode=126))
sudo_cmd += ['-n']
if user != 'root':
sudo_cmd += ['-u', user]
# Pass these values down into the sudo environment, since sudo will
# just strip them normally.
extra_env = kwargs.pop('extra_env', None)
extra_env = {} if extra_env is None else extra_env.copy()
for var in constants.ENV_PASSTHRU:
if var not in extra_env and var in os.environ:
extra_env[var] = os.environ[var]
sudo_cmd.extend('%s=%s' % (k, v) for k, v in extra_env.iteritems())
# Finally, block people from passing options to sudo.
if isinstance(cmd, basestring):
# We need to handle shell ourselves so the order is correct:
# $ sudo [sudo args] -- bash -c '[shell command]'
# If we let RunCommand take care of it, we'd end up with:
# $ bash -c 'sudo [sudo args] -- [shell command]'
shell = kwargs.pop('shell', False)
if not shell:
raise Exception('Cannot run a string command without a shell')
sudo_cmd.extend(['/bin/bash', '-c', cmd])
return RunCommand(sudo_cmd, **kwargs)
def _KillChildProcess(proc, kill_timeout, cmd, original_handler, signum, frame):
"""Functor that when curried w/ the appropriate arguments, is used as a signal
handler by RunCommand.
This is internal to Runcommand. No other code should use this.
if signum:
# If we've been invoked because of a signal, ignore delivery of that signal
# from this point forward. The invoking context of _KillChildProcess
# restores signal delivery to what it was prior; we suppress future delivery
# till then since this code handles SIGINT/SIGTERM fully including
# delivering the signal to the original handler on the way out.
signal.signal(signum, signal.SIG_IGN)
# Do not trust Popen's returncode alone; we can be invoked from contexts where
# the Popen instance was created, but no process was generated.
if proc.returncode is None and is not None:
while proc.poll() is None and kill_timeout >= 0:
kill_timeout -= 0.1
if proc.poll() is None:
# Still doesn't want to die. Too bad, so sad, time to die.
except EnvironmentError as e:
Warning('Ignoring unhandled exception in _KillChildProcess: %s', e)
# Ensure our child process has been reaped.
if not signals.RelaySignal(original_handler, signum, frame):
# Mock up our own, matching exit code for signaling.
cmd_result = CommandResult(cmd=cmd, returncode=signum << 8)
raise TerminateRunCommandError('Received signal %i' % signum, cmd_result)
class _Popen(subprocess.Popen):
"""subprocess.Popen derivative customized for our usage.
Specifically, we fix terminate/send_signal/kill to work if the child process
was a setuid binary; on vanilla kernels, the parent can wax the child
regardless, on goobuntu this apparently isn't allowed, thus we fall back
to the sudo machinery we have.
While we're overriding send_signal, we also suppress ESRCH being raised
if the process has exited, and suppress signaling all together if the process
has knowingly been waitpid'd already.
def send_signal(self, signum):
if self.returncode is not None:
# The original implementation in Popen would allow signaling whatever
# process now occupies this pid, even if the Popen object had waitpid'd.
# Since we can escalate to sudo kill, we do not want to allow that.
# Fixing this addresses that angle, and makes the API less sucky in the
# process.
os.kill(, signum)
except EnvironmentError as e:
if e.errno == errno.EPERM:
# Kill returns either 0 (signal delivered), or 1 (signal wasn't
# delivered). This isn't particularly informative, but we still
# need that info to decide what to do, thus the error_code_ok=True.
ret = SudoRunCommand(['kill', '-%i' % signum, str(],
print_cmd=False, redirect_stdout=True,
redirect_stderr=True, error_code_ok=True)
if ret.returncode == 1:
# The kill binary doesn't distinguish between permission denied,
# and the pid is missing. Denied can only occur under weird
# grsec/selinux policies. We ignore that potential and just
# assume the pid was already dead and try to reap it.
elif e.errno == errno.ESRCH:
# Since we know the process is dead, reap it now.
# Normally Popen would throw this error- we suppress it since frankly
# that's a misfeature and we're already overriding this method.
#pylint: disable=W0622
def RunCommand(cmd, print_cmd=True, error_message=None, redirect_stdout=False,
redirect_stderr=False, cwd=None, input=None, enter_chroot=False,
shell=False, env=None, extra_env=None, ignore_sigint=False,
combine_stdout_stderr=False, log_stdout_to_file=None,
chroot_args=None, debug_level=logging.INFO,
error_code_ok=False, kill_timeout=1, log_output=False,
"""Runs a command.
cmd: cmd to run. Should be input to subprocess.Popen. If a string, shell
must be true. Otherwise the command must be an array of arguments, and
shell must be false.
print_cmd: prints the command before running it.
error_message: prints out this message when an error occurs.
redirect_stdout: returns the stdout.
redirect_stderr: holds stderr output until input is communicated.
cwd: the working directory to run this cmd.
input: input to pipe into this command through stdin.
enter_chroot: this command should be run from within the chroot. If set,
cwd must point to the scripts directory.
shell: Controls whether we add a shell as a command interpreter. See cmd
since it has to agree as to the type.
env: If non-None, this is the environment for the new process. If
enter_chroot is true then this is the environment of the enter_chroot,
most of which gets removed from the cmd run.
extra_env: If set, this is added to the environment for the new process.
In enter_chroot=True case, these are specified on the post-entry
side, and so are often more useful. This dictionary is not used to
clear any entries though.
ignore_sigint: If True, we'll ignore signal.SIGINT before calling the
child. This is the desired behavior if we know our child will handle
Ctrl-C. If we don't do this, I think we and the child will both get
Ctrl-C at the same time, which means we'll forcefully kill the child.
combine_stdout_stderr: Combines stdout and stderr streams into stdout.
log_stdout_to_file: If set, redirects stdout to file specified by this path.
If combine_stdout_stderr is set to True, then stderr will also be logged
to the specified file.
chroot_args: An array of arguments for the chroot environment wrapper.
debug_level: The debug level of RunCommand's output - applies to output
coming from subprocess as well.
error_code_ok: Does not raise an exception when command returns a non-zero
exit code. Instead, returns the CommandResult object
containing the exit code. Note: will still raise an
exception if the cmd file does not exist.
kill_timeout: If we're interrupted, how long should we give the invoked
process to shutdown from a SIGTERM before we SIGKILL it.
Specified in seconds.
log_output: Log the command and its output automatically.
stdout_to_pipe: Redirect stdout to pipe.
A CommandResult object.
RunCommandError: Raises exception on error with optional error_message.
# Set default for variables.
stdout = None
stderr = None
stdin = None
cmd_result = CommandResult()
mute_output = logger.getEffectiveLevel() > debug_level
# Force the timeout to float; in the process, if it's not convertible,
# a self-explanatory exception will be thrown.
kill_timeout = float(kill_timeout)
def _get_tempfile():
return tempfile.TemporaryFile(bufsize=0)
except EnvironmentError as e:
if e.errno != errno.ENOENT:
# This can occur if we were pointed at a specific location for our
# TMP, but that location has since been deleted. Suppress that issue
# in this particular case since our usage gurantees deletion,
# and since this is primarily triggered during hard cgroups shutdown.
return tempfile.TemporaryFile(bufsize=0, dir='/tmp')
# Modify defaults based on parameters.
# Note that tempfiles must be unbuffered else attempts to read
# what a separate process did to that file can result in a bad
# view of the file.
if log_stdout_to_file:
stdout = open(log_stdout_to_file, 'w+')
elif stdout_to_pipe:
stdout = subprocess.PIPE
elif redirect_stdout or mute_output or log_output:
stdout = _get_tempfile()
if combine_stdout_stderr:
stderr = subprocess.STDOUT
elif redirect_stderr or mute_output or log_output:
stderr = _get_tempfile()
# If subprocesses have direct access to stdout or stderr, they can bypass
# our buffers, so we need to flush to ensure that output is not interleaved.
if stdout is None or stderr is None:
if input:
stdin = subprocess.PIPE
if isinstance(cmd, basestring):
if not shell:
raise Exception('Cannot run a string command without a shell')
cmd = ['/bin/bash', '-c', cmd]
shell = False
elif shell:
raise Exception('Cannot run an array command with a shell')
# If we are using enter_chroot we need to use enterchroot pass env through
# to the final command.
env = env.copy() if env is not None else os.environ.copy()
if enter_chroot:
wrapper = ['cros_sdk']
if chroot_args:
wrapper += chroot_args
if extra_env:
wrapper.extend('%s=%s' % (k, v) for k, v in extra_env.iteritems())
cmd = wrapper + ['--'] + cmd
elif extra_env:
for var in constants.ENV_PASSTHRU:
if var not in env and var in os.environ:
env[var] = os.environ[var]
# Print out the command before running.
if print_cmd or log_output:
# Note we reformat the argument into a form that can be directly
# copy/pasted into a term- thus the map(repr, cmd) bit needs to stay.
if cwd:
logger.log(debug_level, 'RunCommand: %s in %s',
' '.join(map(repr, cmd)), cwd)
logger.log(debug_level, 'RunCommand: %s', ' '.join(map(repr, cmd)))
cmd_result.cmd = cmd
proc = None
# Verify that the signals modules is actually usable, and won't segfault
# upon invocation of getsignal. See signals.SignalModuleUsable for the
# details and upstream python bug.
use_signals = signals.SignalModuleUsable()
proc = _Popen(cmd, cwd=cwd, stdin=stdin, stdout=stdout,
stderr=stderr, shell=False, env=env,
if use_signals:
if ignore_sigint:
old_sigint = signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, signal.SIG_IGN)
old_sigint = signal.getsignal(signal.SIGINT)
functools.partial(_KillChildProcess, proc, kill_timeout,
cmd, old_sigint))
old_sigterm = signal.getsignal(signal.SIGTERM)
functools.partial(_KillChildProcess, proc, kill_timeout,
cmd, old_sigterm))
(cmd_result.output, cmd_result.error) = proc.communicate(input)
if use_signals:
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, old_sigint)
signal.signal(signal.SIGTERM, old_sigterm)
if stdout and not log_stdout_to_file and not stdout_to_pipe:
cmd_result.output =
if stderr and stderr != subprocess.STDOUT:
cmd_result.error =
cmd_result.returncode = proc.returncode
if log_output:
if cmd_result.output:
logger.log(debug_level, '(stdout):\n%s' % cmd_result.output)
if cmd_result.error:
logger.log(debug_level, '(stderr):\n%s' % cmd_result.error)
if not error_code_ok and proc.returncode:
msg = ('Failed command "%s", cwd=%s, extra env=%r'
% (' '.join(map(repr, cmd)), cwd, extra_env))
if error_message:
msg += '\n%s' % error_message
raise RunCommandError(msg, cmd_result)
except OSError as e:
estr = str(e)
if e.errno == errno.EACCES:
estr += '; does the program need `chmod a+x`?'
raise RunCommandError(estr, CommandResult(cmd=cmd), exception=e)
if proc is not None:
# Ensure the process is dead.
_KillChildProcess(proc, kill_timeout, cmd, None, None, None)
return cmd_result
# Convenience RunCommand methods.
# We don't use functools.partial because it binds the methods at import time,
# which doesn't work well with unit tests, since it bypasses the mock that may
# be set up for RunCommand.
def DebugRunCommand(*args, **kwargs):
kwargs.setdefault('debug_level', logging.DEBUG)
return RunCommand(*args, **kwargs)
class DieSystemExit(SystemExit):
"""Custom Exception used so we can intercept this if necessary."""
def Die(message, *args):
"""Emits an error message with a stack trace and halts execution.
message: The message to be emitted before exiting.
logger.error(message, *args)
raise DieSystemExit(1)
def Error(message, *args, **kwargs):
"""Emits a red warning message using the logging module."""
logger.error(message, *args, **kwargs)
#pylint: disable=W0622
def Warning(message, *args, **kwargs):
"""Emits a warning message using the logging module."""
logger.warn(message, *args, **kwargs)
def Info(message, *args, **kwargs):
"""Emits an info message using the logging module.""", *args, **kwargs)
def Debug(message, *args, **kwargs):
"""Emits a debugging message using the logging module."""
logger.debug(message, *args, **kwargs)
def PrintBuildbotLink(text, url, handle=None):
"""Prints out a link to buildbot."""
text = ' '.join(text.split())
(handle or sys.stderr).write('\n@@@STEP_LINK@%s@%s@@@\n' % (text, url))
def PrintBuildbotStepText(text, handle=None):
"""Prints out stage text to buildbot."""
text = ' '.join(text.split())
(handle or sys.stderr).write('\n@@@STEP_TEXT@%s@@@\n' % (text,))
def PrintBuildbotStepWarnings(handle=None):
"""Marks a stage as having warnings."""
(handle or sys.stderr).write('\n@@@STEP_WARNINGS@@@\n')
def PrintBuildbotStepFailure(handle=None):
"""Marks a stage as having failures."""
(handle or sys.stderr).write('\n@@@STEP_FAILURE@@@\n')
def ListFiles(base_dir):
"""Recursively list files in a directory.
base_dir: directory to start recursively listing in.
A list of files relative to the base_dir path or
An empty list of there are no files in the directories.
directories = [base_dir]
files_list = []
while directories:
directory = directories.pop()
for name in os.listdir(directory):
fullpath = os.path.join(directory, name)
if os.path.isfile(fullpath):
elif os.path.isdir(fullpath):
return files_list
def IsInsideChroot():
"""Returns True if we are inside chroot."""
return os.path.exists('/etc/debian_chroot')
def AssertInsideChroot():
"""Die if we are outside the chroot"""
if not IsInsideChroot():
Die('%s: please run inside the chroot', os.path.basename(sys.argv[0]))
def AssertOutsideChroot():
"""Die if we are inside the chroot"""
if IsInsideChroot():
Die('%s: please run outside the chroot', os.path.basename(sys.argv[0]))
def GetChromeosVersion(str_obj):
"""Helper method to parse output for CHROMEOS_VERSION_STRING.
str_obj: a string, which may contain Chrome OS version info.
A string, value of CHROMEOS_VERSION_STRING environment variable set by Or None if not found.
if str_obj is not None:
match ='CHROMEOS_VERSION_STRING=([0-9_.]+)', str_obj)
if match and
return None
def GetHostName(fully_qualified=False):
"""Return hostname of current machine, with domain if |fully_qualified|."""
hostname = socket.gethostbyaddr(socket.gethostname())[0]
if fully_qualified:
return hostname
return hostname.partition('.')[0]
def GetHostDomain():
"""Return domain of current machine.
If there is no domain, return 'localdomain'.
hostname = GetHostName(fully_qualified=True)
domain = hostname.partition('.')[2]
return domain if domain else 'localdomain'
def GenericRetry(handler, max_retry, functor, *args, **kwargs):
"""Generic retry loop w/ optional break out depending on exceptions.
To retry based on the return value of |functor| see the timeout_util module.
handler: A functor invoked w/ the exception instance that
functor(*args, **kwargs) threw. If it returns True, then a
retry is attempted. If False, the exception is re-raised.
max_retry: A positive integer representing how many times to retry
the command before giving up. Worst case, the command is invoked
(max_retry + 1) times before failing.
functor: A callable to pass args and kwargs to.
args: Positional args passed to functor.
kwargs: Optional args passed to functor.
sleep: Optional keyword. Multiplier for how long to sleep between
retries; will delay (1*sleep) the first time, then (2*sleep),
continuing via attempt * sleep.
Whatever functor(*args, **kwargs) returns.
Exception: Whatever exceptions functor(*args, **kwargs) throws and
isn't suppressed is raised. Note that the first exception encountered
is what's thrown.
sleep = kwargs.pop('sleep', 0)
if max_retry < 0:
raise ValueError('max_retry needs to be zero or more: %s' % max_retry)
exc_info = None
for attempt in xrange(max_retry + 1):
if attempt and sleep:
time.sleep(sleep * attempt)
return functor(*args, **kwargs)
except Exception as e:
# Note we're not snagging BaseException, so MemoryError/KeyboardInterrupt
# and friends don't enter this except block.
if not handler(e):
# We intentionally ignore any failures in later attempts since we'll
# throw the original failure if all retries fail.
if exc_info is None:
exc_info = sys.exc_info()
raise exc_info[0], exc_info[1], exc_info[2]
def RetryException(exc_retry, max_retry, functor, *args, **kwargs):
"""Convience wrapper for RetryInvocation based on exceptions.
exc_retry: A class (or tuple of classes). If the raised exception
is the given class(es), a retry will be attempted. Otherwise,
the exception is raised.
max_retry: See GenericRetry.
functor: See GenericRetry.
*args: See GenericRetry.
**kwargs: See GenericRetry.
if not isinstance(exc_retry, (tuple, type)):
raise TypeError('exc_retry should be an exception (or tuple), not %r' %
#pylint: disable=E0102
def exc_retry(exc, values=exc_retry):
return isinstance(exc, values)
return GenericRetry(exc_retry, max_retry, functor, *args, **kwargs)
def RetryCommand(functor, max_retry, *args, **kwargs):
"""Wrapper for RunCommand that will retry a command
functor: RunCommand function to run; retries will only occur on
RunCommandError exceptions being thrown.
max_retry: A positive integer representing how many times to retry
the command before giving up. Worst case, the command is invoked
(max_retry + 1) times before failing.
sleep: Optional keyword. Multiplier for how long to sleep between
retries; will delay (1*sleep) the first time, then (2*sleep),
continuing via attempt * sleep.
retry_on: If provided, we will retry on any exit codes in the given list.
Note: A process will exit with a negative exit code if it is killed by a
signal. By default, we retry on all non-negative exit codes.
args: Positional args passed to RunCommand; see RunCommand for specifics.
kwargs: Optional args passed to RunCommand; see RunCommand for specifics.
A CommandResult object.
Exception: Raises RunCommandError on error with optional error_message.
values = kwargs.pop('retry_on', None)
def ShouldRetry(exc):
"""Return whether we should retry on a given exception."""
if not ShouldRetryCommandCommon(exc):
return False
if values is None and exc.result.returncode < 0:'Child process received signal %d; not retrying.',
return False
return values is None or exc.result.returncode in values
return GenericRetry(ShouldRetry, max_retry, functor, *args, **kwargs)
def ShouldRetryCommandCommon(exc):
"""Returns whether any RunCommand should retry on a given exception."""
if not isinstance(exc, RunCommandError):
return False
if exc.result.returncode is None:'Child process failed to launch; not retrying.')
return False
return True
def RunCommandWithRetries(max_retry, *args, **kwargs):
"""Wrapper for RunCommand that will retry a command
max_retry: See RetryCommand and RunCommand.
*args: See RetryCommand and RunCommand.
**kwargs: See RetryCommand and RunCommand.
A CommandResult object.
Exception: Raises RunCommandError on error with optional error_message.
return RetryCommand(RunCommand, max_retry, *args, **kwargs)
def RunCommandCaptureOutput(cmd, **kwargs):
"""Wrapper for RunCommand that captures output.
This wrapper calls RunCommand with redirect_stdout=True and
redirect_stderr=True. This is for convenience.
cmd: The command to run.
kwargs: Optional args passed to RunCommand; see RunCommand for specifics.
return RunCommand(cmd, redirect_stdout=kwargs.pop('redirect_stdout', True),
redirect_stderr=kwargs.pop('redirect_stderr', True),
def RunCommandQuietly(*args, **kwargs):
"""Wrapper for RunCommand that runs silently.
The wrapper does not echo the command. stdout and stderr are captured but
not echoed.
kwargs.setdefault('print_cmd', False)
kwargs.setdefault('stdout_to_pipe', True)
kwargs.setdefault('combine_stdout_stderr', True)
return RunCommand(*args, **kwargs)
def TimedCommand(functor, *args, **kwargs):
"""Wrapper for simple log timing of other python functions.
If you want to log info about how long it took to run an arbitrary command,
you would do something like:
TimedCommand(RunCommand, ['wget', 'http://foo'])
functor: The function to run.
args: The args to pass to the function.
kwargs: Optional args to pass to the function.
timed_log_level: The log level to use (defaults to info).
timed_log_msg: The message to log with timing info appended (defaults to
details about the call made). It must include a %s to hold
the time delta details.
log_msg = kwargs.pop('timed_log_msg', '%s(*%r, **%r) took: %%s'
% (functor.__name__, args, kwargs))
log_level = kwargs.pop('timed_log_level', logging.INFO)
start =
ret = functor(*args, **kwargs)
logger.log(log_level, log_msg, - start)
return ret
def FindCompressor(compression, chroot=None):
"""Locate a compressor utility program (possibly in a chroot).
Since we compress/decompress a lot, make it easy to locate a
suitable utility program in a variety of locations. We favor
the one in the chroot over /, and the parallel implementation
over the single threaded one.
compression: The type of compression desired.
chroot: Optional path to a chroot to search.
Path to a compressor.
ValueError: If compression is unknown.
if compression == COMP_GZIP:
std = 'gzip'
para = 'pigz'
elif compression == COMP_BZIP2:
std = 'bzip2'
para = 'pbzip2'
elif compression == COMP_XZ:
std = 'xz'
para = 'xz'
elif compression == COMP_NONE:
return 'cat'
raise ValueError('unknown compression')
roots = []
if chroot:
for prog in [para, std]:
for root in roots:
for subdir in ['', 'usr']:
path = os.path.join(root, subdir, 'bin', prog)
if os.path.exists(path):
return path
return std
def CreateTarball(target, cwd, sudo=False, compression=COMP_XZ, chroot=None,
inputs=None, extra_args=None, **kwargs):
"""Create a tarball. Executes 'tar' on the commandline.
target: The path of the tar file to generate.
cwd: The directory to run the tar command.
sudo: Whether to run with "sudo".
compression: The type of compression desired. See the FindCompressor
function for details.
chroot: See FindCompressor().
inputs: A list of files or directories to add to the tarball. If unset,
defaults to ".".
extra_args: A list of extra args to pass to "tar".
kwargs: Any RunCommand options/overrides to use.
The cmd_result object returned by the RunCommand invocation.
if inputs is None:
inputs = ['.']
if extra_args is None:
extra_args = []
kwargs.setdefault('debug_level', logging.DEBUG)
comp = FindCompressor(compression, chroot=chroot)
cmd = ['tar'] + extra_args + ['-I', comp, '-cf', target] + inputs
rc_func = SudoRunCommand if sudo else RunCommand
return rc_func(cmd, cwd=cwd, **kwargs)
def GetInput(prompt):
"""Helper function to grab input from a user. Makes testing easier."""
return raw_input(prompt)
def BooleanPrompt(prompt="Do you want to continue?", default=True,
true_value='yes', false_value='no'):
"""Helper function for processing boolean choice prompts.
prompt: The question to present to the user.
default: Boolean to return if the user just presses enter.
true_value: The text to display that represents a True returned.
false_value: The text to display that represents a False returned.
True or False.
true_value, false_value = true_value.lower(), false_value.lower()
true_text, false_text = true_value, false_value
if true_value == false_value:
raise ValueError("true_value and false_value must differ: got %r"
% true_value)
if default:
true_text = true_text[0].upper() + true_text[1:]
false_text = false_text[0].upper() + false_text[1:]
prompt = ('\n%s (%s/%s)? ' % (prompt, true_text, false_text))
while True:
response = GetInput(prompt).lower()
if not response:
return default
if true_value.startswith(response):
if not false_value.startswith(response):
return True
# common prefix between the two...
elif false_value.startswith(response):
return False
def BooleanShellValue(sval, default, msg=None):
"""See if the string value is a value users typically consider as boolean
Often times people set shell variables to different values to mean "true"
or "false". For example, they can do:
export FOO=yes
export BLAH=1
export MOO=true
Handle all that user ugliness here.
If the user picks an invalid value, you can use |msg| to display a non-fatal
warning rather than raising an exception.
sval: The string value we got from the user.
default: If we can't figure out if the value is true or false, use this.
msg: If |sval| is an unknown value, use |msg| to warn the user that we
could not decode the input. Otherwise, raise ValueError().
The interpreted boolean value of |sval|.
ValueError() if |sval| is an unknown value and |msg| is not set.
if sval is None:
return default
if isinstance(sval, basestring):
s = sval.lower()
if s in ('yes', 'y', '1', 'true'):
return True
elif s in ('no', 'n', '0', 'false'):
return False
if msg is not None:
Warning('%s: %r' % (msg, sval))
return default
raise ValueError('could not decode as a boolean value: %r' % sval)
# Suppress whacked complaints about abstract class being unused.
#pylint: disable=R0921
class MasterPidContextManager(object):
"""Allow context managers to restrict their exit to within the same PID."""
# In certain cases we actually want this ran outside
# of the main pid- specifically in backup processes
# doing cleanup.
def __init__(self):
self._invoking_pid = None
def __enter__(self):
self._invoking_pid = os.getpid()
return self._enter()
def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc, traceback):
curpid = os.getpid()
if curpid == self.ALTERNATE_MASTER_PID:
self._invoking_pid = curpid
if curpid == self._invoking_pid:
return self._exit(exc_type, exc, traceback)
def _enter(self):
raise NotImplementedError(self, '_enter')
def _exit(self, exc_type, exc, traceback):
raise NotImplementedError(self, '_exit')
def NoOpContextManager():
def AllowDisabling(enabled, functor, *args, **kwargs):
"""Context Manager wrapper that can be used to enable/disable usage.
This is mainly useful to control whether or not a given Context Manager
is used.
For example:
with AllowDisabling(options.timeout <= 0, Timeout, options.timeout):
... do code w/in a timeout context..
If options.timeout is a positive integer, then the_Timeout context manager is
created and ran. If it's zero or negative, then the timeout code is disabled.
While Timeout *could* handle this itself, it's redundant having each
implementation do this, thus the generic wrapper.
if enabled:
return functor(*args, **kwargs)
return NoOpContextManager()
class ContextManagerStack(object):
"""Context manager that is designed to safely allow nesting and stacking.
Python2.7 directly supports a with syntax removing the need for this,
although this form avoids indentation hell if there is a lot of context
For Python2.6, see; the short
version is that there is a race in the available stdlib/language rules under
2.6 when dealing w/ multiple context managers, thus this safe version was
For each context manager added to this instance, it will unwind them,
invoking them as if it had been constructed as a set of manually nested
with statements.
def __init__(self):
self._stack = []
def Add(self, functor, *args, **kwargs):
"""Add a context manager onto the stack.
Usage of this is essentially the following:
>>> stack.add(Timeout, 60)
It must be done in this fashion, else there is a mild race that exists
between context manager instantiation and initial __enter__.
Invoking it in the form specified eliminates that race.
functor: A callable to instantiate a context manager.
args and kwargs: positional and optional args to functor.
The newly created (and __enter__'d) context manager.
obj = None
obj = functor(*args, **kwargs)
return obj
if obj is not None:
def __enter__(self):
# Nothing to do in this case. The individual __enter__'s are done
# when the context managers are added, which will likely be after
# the __enter__ method of this stack is called.
return self
def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc, traceback):
# Exit each context manager in stack in reverse order, tracking the results
# to know whether or not to suppress the exception raised (or to switch that
# exception to a new one triggered by an individual handler's __exit__).
for handler in reversed(self._stack):
# pylint: disable=W0702
if handler.__exit__(exc_type, exc, traceback):
exc_type = exc = traceback = None
exc_type, exc, traceback = sys.exc_info()
self._stack = []
# Return True if any exception was handled.
if all(x is None for x in (exc_type, exc, traceback)):
return True
# Raise any exception that is left over from exiting all context managers.
# Normally a single context manager would return False to allow caller to
# re-raise the exception itself, but here the exception might have been
# raised during the exiting of one of the individual context managers.
raise exc_type, exc, traceback
def RunCurl(args, **kwargs):
"""Runs curl and wraps around all necessary hacks."""
cmd = ['curl']
# These values were discerned via scraping the curl manpage; they're all
# retry related (dns failed, timeout occurred, etc, see the manpage for
# exact specifics of each).
# Note we allow 22 to deal w/ 500's- they're thrown by google storage
# occasionally.
# Finally, we do not use curl's --retry option since it generally doesn't
# actually retry anything; code 18 for example, it will not retry on.
retriable_exits = frozenset([5, 6, 7, 15, 18, 22, 26, 28, 52, 56])
return RunCommandWithRetries(5, cmd, sleep=3, retry_on=retriable_exits,
except RunCommandError as e:
code = e.result.returncode
if code in (51, 58, 60):
# These are the return codes of failing certs as per 'man curl'.
Die('Download failed with certificate error? Try "sudo c_rehash".')
return RunCommandWithRetries(5, cmd, sleep=60, retry_on=retriable_exits,
except RunCommandError as e:
Die("Curl failed w/ exit code %i", code)
def SetupBasicLogging(level=logging.DEBUG):
"""Sets up basic logging to use format from constants."""
logging_format = '%(asctime)s - %(filename)s - %(levelname)-8s: %(message)s'
date_format = constants.LOGGER_DATE_FMT
logging.basicConfig(level=level, format=logging_format,
class ApiMismatchError(Exception):
"""Raised by GetTargetChromiteApiVersion."""
class NoChromiteError(Exception):
"""Raised when an expected chromite installation was missing."""
def GetTargetChromiteApiVersion(buildroot, validate_version=True):
"""Get the re-exec API version of the target chromite.
buildroot: The directory containing the chromite to check.
validate_version: If set to true, checks the target chromite for
compatibility, and raises an ApiMismatchError when there is an
The version number in (major, minor) tuple.
May raise an ApiMismatchError if validate_version is set.
api = RunCommandCaptureOutput(
[constants.PATH_TO_CBUILDBOT, '--reexec-api-version'],
cwd=buildroot, error_code_ok=True)
except RunCommandError:
# Although error_code_ok=True was used, this exception will still be raised
# if the executible did not exist.
full_cbuildbot_path = os.path.join(buildroot, constants.PATH_TO_CBUILDBOT)
if not os.path.exists(full_cbuildbot_path):
raise NoChromiteError('No cbuildbot found in buildroot %s, expected to '
'find %s. ' % (buildroot, full_cbuildbot_path))
# If the command failed, then we're targeting a cbuildbot that lacks the
# option; assume 0:0 (ie, initial state).
major = minor = 0
if api.returncode == 0:
major, minor = map(int, api.output.strip().split('.', 1))
if validate_version and major != constants.REEXEC_API_MAJOR:
raise ApiMismatchError(
'The targeted version of chromite in buildroot %s requires '
'api version %i, but we are api version %i. We cannot proceed.'
% (buildroot, major, constants.REEXEC_API_MAJOR))
return major, minor
def iflatten_instance(iterable, terminate_on_kls=(basestring,)):
"""Derivative of snakeoil.lists.iflatten_instance; flatten an object.
Given an object, flatten it into a single depth iterable-
stopping descent on objects that either aren't iterable, or match
isinstance(obj, terminate_on_kls).
>>> print list(iflatten_instance([1, 2, "as", ["4", 5]))
[1, 2, "as", "4", 5]
def descend_into(item):
if isinstance(item, terminate_on_kls):
return False
except TypeError:
return False
# Note strings can be infinitely descended through- thus this
# recursion limiter.
return not isinstance(item, basestring) or len(item) > 1
if not descend_into(iterable):
yield iterable
for item in iterable:
if not descend_into(item):
yield item
for subitem in iflatten_instance(item, terminate_on_kls):
yield subitem
# TODO: Remove this once we move to snakeoil.
def load_module(name):
"""load a module
name: python dotted namespace path of the module to import
imported module
FailedImport if importing fails
m = __import__(name)
# __import__('') returns foo, so...
for bit in name.split('.')[1:]:
m = getattr(m, bit)
return m
def PredicateSplit(func, iterable):
"""Splits an iterable into two groups based on a predicate return value.
func: A functor that takes an item as its argument and returns a boolean
value indicating which group the item belongs.
iterable: The collection to split.
A tuple containing two lists, the first containing items that func()
returned True for, and the second containing items that func() returned
False for.
trues, falses = [], []
for x in iterable:
(trues if func(x) else falses).append(x)
return trues, falses
def _Open(input):
"""Convenience ctx that accepts a file path or an already open file object."""
if isinstance(input, basestring):
with open(input) as f:
yield f
yield input
def LoadKeyValueFile(input, ignore_missing=False, multiline=False):
"""Turn a key=value file into a dict
Note: If you're designing a new data store, please use json rather than
this format. This func is designed to work with legacy/external files
where json isn't an option.
input: The file to read. Can be a path or an open file object.
ignore_missing: If the file does not exist, return an empty dict.
multiline: Allow a value enclosed by quotes to span multiple lines.
a dict of all the key=value pairs found in the file.
d = {}
with _Open(input) as f:
key = None
in_quotes = None
for raw_line in f:
line = raw_line.split('#')[0]
if not line.strip():
# Continue processing a multiline value.
if multiline and in_quotes and key:
if line.rstrip()[-1] == in_quotes:
# Wrap up the multiline value if the line ends with a quote.
d[key] += line.rstrip()[:-1]
in_quotes = None
d[key] += line
chunks = line.split('=', 1)
if len(chunks) != 2:
raise ValueError('Malformed version file %r; line %r'
% (input, raw_line))
key = chunks[0].strip()
val = chunks[1].strip()
if len(val) >= 2 and val[0] in "\"'" and val[0] == val[-1]:
# Strip matching quotes on the same line.
val = val[1:-1]
elif val and multiline and val[0] in "\"'" :
# Unmatched quote here indicates a multiline value. Do not
# strip the '\n' at the end of the line.
in_quotes = val[0]
val = chunks[1].lstrip()[1:]
d[key] = val
except EnvironmentError as e:
if not (ignore_missing and e.errno == errno.ENOENT):
return d
def MemoizedSingleCall(functor):
"""Decorator for simple functor targets, caching the results
The functor must accept no arguments beyond either a class or self (depending
on if this is used in a classmethod/instancemethod context). Results of the
wrapped method will be written to the class/instance namespace in a specially
named cached value. All future invocations will just reuse that value.
Note that this cache is per-process, so sibling and parent processes won't
notice updates to the cache.
# TODO(build): Should we rebase to snakeoil.klass.cached* functionality?
def f(obj):
# pylint: disable=W0212
key = f._cache_key
val = getattr(obj, key, None)
if val is None:
val = functor(obj)
setattr(obj, key, val)
return val
# Dummy up our wrapper to make it look like what we're wrapping,
# and expose the underlying docstrings.
f.__name__ = functor.__name__
f.__module__ = functor.__module__
f.__doc__ = functor.__doc__
f._cache_key = '_%s_cached' % (functor.__name__.lstrip('_'),)
return f
def SafeRun(functors, combine_exceptions=False):
"""Executes a list of functors, continuing on exceptions.
functors: An iterable of functors to call.
combine_exceptions: If set, and multiple exceptions are encountered,
SafeRun will raise a RuntimeError containing a list of all the exceptions.
If only one exception is encountered, then the default behavior of
re-raising the original exception with unmodified stack trace will be
The first exception encountered, with corresponding backtrace, unless
|combine_exceptions| is specified and there is more than one exception
encountered, in which case a RuntimeError containing a list of all the
exceptions that were encountered is raised.
errors = []
for f in functors:
except Exception as e:
# Append the exception object and the traceback.
errors.append((e, sys.exc_info()[2]))
if errors:
if len(errors) == 1 or not combine_exceptions:
# To preserve the traceback.
inst, tb = errors[0]
raise inst, None, tb
raise RuntimeError([e[0] for e in errors])
def UserDateTimeFormat(timeval=None):
"""Format a date meant to be viewed by a user
The focus here is to have a format that is easily readable by humans,
but still easy (and unambiguous) for a machine to parse. Hence, we
use the RFC 2822 date format (with timezone name appended).
timeval: Either a datetime object or a floating point time value as accepted
by gmtime()/localtime(). If None, the current time is used.
A string format such as 'Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:25:15 -0500 (EST)'
if isinstance(timeval, datetime):
timeval = time.mktime(timeval.timetuple())
return '%s (%s)' % (formatdate(timeval=timeval, localtime=True),
def GetDefaultBoard():
"""Gets the default board.
The default board (as a string), or None if either the default board
file was missing or malformed.
default_board_file_name = os.path.join(constants.SOURCE_ROOT, 'src',
'scripts', '.default_board')
with open(default_board_file_name) as default_board_file:
default_board =
# Check for user typos like whitespace
if not re.match('[a-zA-Z0-9-_]*$', default_board):
logging.warning('Noticed invalid default board: |%s|. '
'Ignoring this default.',
default_board = None
except IOError:
return None
return default_board
class AttributeFrozenError(Exception):
"""Raised when frozen attribute value is modified."""
class FrozenAttributesClass(type):
"""Metaclass for any class to support freezing attribute values.
This metaclass can be used by any class to add the ability to
freeze attribute values with the Freeze method.
Use by adding this line in a class:
__metaclass__ = FrozenAttributesClass
_FROZEN_ERR_MSG = 'Attribute values are frozen, cannot alter %s.'
def __new__(mcs, clsname, bases, scope):
# Create Freeze method that freezes current attributes.
# pylint: disable=E1003
if 'Freeze' in scope:
raise TypeError('Class %s has its own Freeze method, cannot use with'
' the FrozenAttributesClass metaclass.' % clsname)
# Make sure cls will have _FROZEN_ERR_MSG set.
scope.setdefault('_FROZEN_ERR_MSG', mcs._FROZEN_ERR_MSG)
# Create the class.
cls = super(FrozenAttributesClass, mcs).__new__(mcs, clsname, bases, scope)
# Replace cls.__setattr__ with the one that honors freezing.
orig_setattr = cls.__setattr__
def SetAttr(obj, name, value):
"""If the object is frozen then abort."""
# pylint: disable=W0212
if getattr(obj, '_frozen', False):
raise AttributeFrozenError(obj._FROZEN_ERR_MSG % name)
if isinstance(orig_setattr, types.MethodType):
orig_setattr(obj, name, value)
super(cls, obj).__setattr__(name, value)
cls.__setattr__ = SetAttr
# Add new cls.Freeze method.
def Freeze(obj):
obj._frozen = True
cls.Freeze = Freeze
return cls
class FrozenAttributesMixin(object):
"""Alternate mechanism for freezing attributes in a class.
If an existing class is not a new-style class then it will be unable to
use the FrozenAttributesClass metaclass directly. Simply use this class
as a mixin instead to accomplish the same thing.
__metaclass__ = FrozenAttributesClass